Your search returned over 400 essays for "blood transfusions"
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Blood Transfusions and Disease

- “Blood Safety in the Age of AIDS” reflects upon the history of blood transfusions, the advancement in performing clean (disease-free) transfusions, and, specifically, the appearance of and efforts to prevent the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) virus in blood donations. The AIDS epidemic hitting the blood banks is not only examined as an urgent problem in its own right, but also as a warning to both doctors and patients who regularly or spontaneously require blood transfusions. This warning indicates that the idea of new diseases and epidemics are still a possibility despite medical and conditional advances through history and that additional measures should be researched in the eff...   [tags: Blood Transfusions, Disease, AIDS, ]

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Circulating Dangers in Blood Transfusions

- It is a common fact that blood is necessary for the body in order to work properly. At plain sight everybody’s blood can seem similar, but not everything is always what it seems. There are variables that make people’s blood different from one another, such as different types of blood, different amounts of red blood cells and different amounts of white blood cells, and possibilities of different containments such as bacteria and viruses in the blood. In the past, doctors never knew of all the different variations that were found in this mysterious substance....   [tags: Health ]

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The debate of Physician Assisted Suicide

- Over the years the medical field has developed many miraculous ideas and procedures. From organ transfers to blood transfusions, tons of lives have been saved. A doctor’s whole purpose is to help those dying to live. Yet, doctors have developed PAS, Physician Assisted Suicide, also known as Physician Assisted Death, and not to be mixed up with Euthanasia. Physician Assisted Suicide is morally wrong, gives doctors too much power, and it opens a door for those less critical patients to receive treatment too....   [tags: organ transfers, blood transfusions]

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Organ Trafficking and Body Snatching

- ... According to a recent study done by Canadian researchers, “Paying living kidney donors $10,000 to give up their organs would save money over the current system based solely on altruism -- even if it only boosts donations by a conservative 5 percent” (Aleccia). Furthermore, based on this hypothetical 5 percent increase, paying these donors $10,000 would save each patient about $340, covering dialysis and medical costs, as well as boost their quality-adjusted life years by .11. QALY is the measure of the quality and length of a life (Aleccia)....   [tags: blood transfusions, banks]

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Religious and Medical Dilemma

- "You shall not eat the blood of any creature, for the life of every creature is its blood" (Lev. 17:14). This is just one of the several scriptures found in the bible from which the Jehovah Witnesses base their beliefs. To summarize the above excerpt, Jehovah Witnesses strongly believe that contributing to the health of their bodies by way of any type of blood material is not intended by God’s will. However in dire cases, ethical questions need to be raised regarding the patient’s mental capacity and legal competence....   [tags: Blood Transfusions, Jehova's Witness]

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The Rh Factor

- Falling off bikes, or just running around stumbling as kids is probably the first time anyone ever saw their own blood. Flowing red stuff that came after a lot of pain, no big deal. The second time, maybe a blood truck asking for donations, or maybe watching some horror movie. Either way blood itself is not something that stays on the mind, unless of course you’re hematologists (Physicians that study blood). Strange as it is, people do study blood and it is an important subject. I find it interesting though, that something so important and most people don’t know anything about it....   [tags: blood transfusions, biology, anatomy]

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Blood Transfusion as One of the Most Common Hospitals Procedures

- The topic chosen is blood transfusion. Blood transfusion is one of the most common procedures that are performed in the hospital setting to save lives and help improve one’s health. People who have serious injuries may need blood transfusions to replace the lost of blood. Some of the injuries are more critical than others and require an enormous amount of blood. In addition, many people have illnesses that prevent their body from making blood properly. Blood circulates in the body providing oxygen and nutrients and collects waste so it can be eliminated by the body; therefore, it is an important factor for everyone’s lives (Lewis Medical surgical nursing)....   [tags: blood bank, rh factor, transfusion medicine]

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Blood Donation: The Gift of Life

- In the US alone a blood donation is needed every 2 seconds; that is 41,000 blood donations that are necessary every day (Blood Facts). The first efficacious blood transfusion was done in 1667 on a boy who was administered sheep blood, the boy survived. This alone paved the way for modern blood transfusions. The first human to human donations were done in the early 1800’s and were unsuccessful due to the lack of knowledge with blood types. Then, in the 1900s, blood types were discovered and soon after blood banks popped up all over while research was done to progress the amazing transfusion system we have today (History)....   [tags: health, blood donation]

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The Ban on Gay Blood Donors

- In 1983 the FDA put a ban on gay men from donating blood if they have had sex with another man since 1977 (Thrasher). Certain activists believe this ban is harsh and should be repealed. While it would be great if everyone in the country could donate blood, gay men are at higher risk for certain diseases such as HIV/AIDS. This increased risk makes it unwise to eliminate this ban. As stated by Mark Skinner in his article Science Should Dictate Policy, “blood donor deferrals are not judgments about individuals but are scientifically based”....   [tags: blood, gay, ban, risk, policy]

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A Cancer Of The Blood Cells

- 1. Leukaemia This is a cancer of the blood cells. Leukaemia is a common type of blood cancer and can have an effect on adults 10 times more as children. People diagnosed with leukaemia are normally people who are over 50 years old. Leukaemia usually starts in the bone marrow, where blood cells are formed in the body. The bone marrow forms three types of blood cells:  White blood cells helps fight off infections and diseases.  Red blood cells are responsible in carrying out oxygen throughout the body....   [tags: Blood, Bone marrow, Chemotherapy, Leukemia]

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The Doping Of Blood Doping

- ... Actually, horses and trainers get tested regularly and they also have great results: from 2009 to 2011, more than 30.000 horses got tested and the 99.9 percent resulted negative to the test, which is an amazing statistic, but the lawyer Barry Irwin believes that those numbers are so great, because the trainers use drugs that do not show on the drug-tests, but that still dope the horses.(Ed Kane, dmv360article) Morally speaking, doping is extremely wrong. It means cheating, and cheating is bad....   [tags: Red blood cell, Blood, Hematocrit, Tour de France]

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The Effects Of Blood Doping On Athletes 's Performance Enhancing Technology

- We have all been part of some sort of competitive sport- whether it is chess, football, skiing, or arm wrestling- the drive to want to win and be the “best” is constantly there. We get this drive from wanting to satisfy our fans, family, and ourselves. Coaches are constantly saying, “I expect more from you” or “you are not playing 100 percent.” There are trainers and specialist being paid to help these athletes get to their peak in performance. Athletes have also taken it upon themselves to find ways to excel without adding one more coach to the list....   [tags: Red blood cell, Blood, Hematology]

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Symptoms And Treatment Of Platelet Transfusion

- immediately before initiating transfusion, obtain Temperature, pulse, respirations and blood pressure (AABB Chapter 5 page 6). All vitals signs should be recorded and available for comparison if needed (AABB Chapter 5 page 6). The patient also should be asked about any symptom that may later be mistaken for transfusion reaction (AABB Chapter 5 page 6). If fever is present be aware this may be a cause for delaying the transfusion, it could mask a symptom of an acute reaction and may compromise the efficacy of platelet transfusion (AABB Chapter 5 page 6)....   [tags: Blood, Red blood cell, Blood transfusion]

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No Blood Transfusion for Jehovah's Witnesses

- ... Some of the beliefs that Jehovah’s witnesses have involve many contemporary issues; they stand strongly against abortion, homosexuality, divorce and blood transfusions. Blood transfusions and ingesting blood is prohibited and considered wrong. Bone marrow are left to the individual and his principles to decide; other types of medical treatment are permitted. (Beliefnet, 2014). Jehovah’s Witnesses do not allow blood transfusions based on several biblical passages such as “Only flesh with its soul-its blood-you must not eat” (Genesis 9:3-4) and “You must not eat the blood of any sort of flesh, because the soul of every sort of flesh is its blood....   [tags: religion, ethical, legal]

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Blood: Past, Present and Future—the Medicalization of Blood as a Drug

- In this paper I will talk about the medicalization of blood into a drug, and how society has shaped the association with blood and disease. I will begin with a basic humoral view of blood and the ways in which blood-letting was thought to cure disease. I will then talk about the events that caused mankind’s view of blood to shift from a substance that needed to be drained from the body into a substance that needed to be transfused into the body in order to improve health. After the history, the paper will talk about the blood donation system in the United States, and the reasons why it shifted from a paid to fully volunteer based donation system—while pointing out that the blood donation sys...   [tags: sanguine, history, medicine, progressive]

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Federal Policy on Blood Donations

- As we grow up, we often hear that "we should never judge a book by it's cover" and "it's on the inside that counts, as we are all made equal and the same on the inside" however there is a federal policy that states other wise. Implemented in 1977, and officially adopted in 1983, federal policy, bars blood donations from men who have ever had sexual contact with other men. This means that gay men are not allowed to donate blood. Supporters of the ban state that, studies show that those with high risk sexual behavior place others in danger when they donate blood....   [tags: sexual, behavior, diseases, ban]

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Using Stored Red Cell Products

- ... The amount of blood that should be administered depends on the canine patient’s response, the desired effect, and the specific blood products utilized. A total of 2 ml of transfused whole blood/kg will typically increase the recipient canine’s PCV by 1%. PCV elevation also depends on the following factors; concurrently administered other fluids or colloids, and ongoing blood loss. The following are guideline transfusion rates; 10 to 22 ml/kg of whole blood is the typical transfusion volume most canine receipt will receive....   [tags: Red blood cell, Blood, Blood transfusion]

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The Safety Of Blood

- The Safety of Blood A five-year old girl is riding down the street, on her way to her best friend's house. She doesn't have a care in the world and is quietly humming to herself. Suddenly a car whips around the corner and swerves to avoid the child, but he looses control and squarely hits the girl, causing the her to fall and get trapped between the car and her battered bicycle. A main artery in her leg has been severed and blood fills the gutter of the street. As she gets rushed to the hospital in the ambulance, a pint of blood is given to her to attempt to replace some of the life giving fluid that is pouring out of her leg....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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Possible Diagnosis Of Hdfn As Clinically Caused By Anti K Or Anti D.

- Possible diagnosis of HDFN as clinically caused by anti-K or anti-D In the literature, researchers revealed that Kell antigens appear on erythroid progenitor cells early in erythropoiesis and much earlier than the Rh proteins (Southcott et al., 1999, & Daniels, & Green, 2000). In the literature, it implied that when culturing K+ erythroid progenitors in the presence of anti-K inhibited cell proliferation (Vaughan et al., 1998). Researchers have suggested that the Kell glycoprotein plays an important role in erythropoiesis by enzymatically modulating peptide growth factors on the cell surface, a function which has been displayed to have been inhibited by binding of anti-K (Vaughan et al., 199...   [tags: Red blood cell, Blood, Blood transfusion]

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Sports and Performance Enhancers Steroids and Blood Doping

- Famous sports athletes have always tried to get an advantage on other players. By upping their game and performing harder it will allow them to make more money, to win, and to break records. In the world of professional cycling it is exactly the same. Riders use drugs harmful to their health to get and advantage on the competition and these drugs enable the rider to perform harder, longer, and at their maximum ability. There riders us a lot of different drugs to improve themselves but the more popular performance enhancers EPO (erythropoietin), steroids, and blood doping....   [tags: addiction, Lance Armstrong ]

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Anemia: Low Red Blood Cell Count

- Definition: Anemia is a common condition that afflicts many people around the world. Anemia is a Greek word meaning ‘without blood’. The modern definition of Anemia is any condition characterized by an abnormal decrease in the body’s total red blood cell mass. It is also defined as a condition in which a person has fewer red blood cells than normal and feels very weak and tired. Anemia Causes: The causes of Anemia are all related to the Red Blood Cells (RBC). It is cause d mainly due to impaired RBC production or increased RBC destruction and is caused due to blood loss and fluid overload....   [tags: common human ailments]

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Genetic Disorders: Beta Thalassemia

- Orofacial characteristics of β –thalassemia major patients among the UAE population Introduction Beta thalassemia is a genetic disorder in which the gene for the production of beta globin chain is defective. The name thalassemia is derived from a combination of two Greek words: thalassa meaning the sea, i.e. the Mediterranean, and anaemia (“weak blood”). Therefore it is also known as Mediterranean anemia. Another name for beta-thalassemia is Cooley’s anemia, named after Prof. Thomas Cooley, a pediatrician in the USA who first described the clinical characteristics of this disorder in patients of Italian origin in 1925....   [tags: mediterranean anemia, blood transfusion]

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Main Ethical Dilema in Health Care

- Main Agents in Case When evaluating any ethical case, it is crucial to examine all those involved and how their relationships with each other impact moral decisions made. In the case The Jehovah’s Witness and Blood Transfusion, all of the persons involved play an important role in determining what medical action should be taken based on ethical and moral deliberation. The first, and main, agent involved in the case is the patient herself, a 42 year old female who was recently baptized into the Jehovah’s Witness faith....   [tags: jehova's witness, blood transfusion case]

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Beliefs About Blood

- Beliefs about blood: Blood Transfusion: They refuse to accept blood transfusions and do not allow them to be given to their children. This is based upon four passages in the Bible which prohibit the consuming of blood: Genesis 9:4 "But flesh (meat) with...blood...ye shall not eat" Leviticus 17:12-14 "...No soul of you shall eat blood...whosoever eateth it shall be cut off" Acts 15:29 "That ye abstain...from blood..." Acts 21:25 "...Gentiles...keep themselves from things offered to idols and from blood..." The WTS interprets "eating" of blood in its most general form to include accepting "transfusion of whole...   [tags: essays research papers]

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One Blood

- One Blood One Blood is a book designed to highlight the life and works of Dr. Charles Drew and to set the record straight about his famous, tragic death. The book starts with the academic career of Dr. Drew. Dr. Drew attended Amherst College where he fought with the majority of white students that surrounded hi. He was an athletic student who had average grades. He was forced to go to Canada to attend medical school when no universities in the U.S. would grant him admission. He believed that the Canadian people were “color blind” because there was no segregation in the nation....   [tags: Essays Papers]

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Blood Doping in Sports to Improve Performance

- Blood Doping in Sports to Improve Performance A main controversial issue in today’s sports world is ways in which athletes improve their performance. The use of steroids and supplements have been heavily discussed and argued but the method of blood doping is now a major problem. Blood Doping or red blood cell infusion is another example of the ingenious ways in which athletes attempt to improve performance without running into trouble with drug tests. Blood doping has become an integral part of sports and fair play....   [tags: Papers]

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Why Trust Bloodless Surgery?

- ... 2013). Researchers have found that up to half of all red blood cell transfusions may be unnecessary, not only wasting blood, but exposing patients to potentially life-threatening human errors (Kirkey, S. 2013). Experts say, that many transfusions don’t meet minimum published guidelines. Patients receive not one, but multiple units of blood increasing their risk of fluid overload, where the extra blood overwhelms the heart’s ability to pump it through the body. Transfusion-related circulatory overload is one of the leading causes of transfusion-related death (DoBa, T....   [tags: Blood, Red blood cell, Hemoglobin]

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Persuasive Speech: Everyone Should Donate Blood

- Specific Purpose Statement: To persuade my audience to donate blood Introduction: I. Imagine your father has just suffered a heart attack and must undergo open-heart surgery in order to repair the damage. II. Imagine your little nephew or niece baby was born with a heart defect and required daily transfusions of blood in order to have a chance at survival. III. Imagine your best friend has just been diagnosed with leukemia, a disease requiring regular transfusions of platelets. IV. Not very nice images are they, but these things happen and unfortunately some of you may even have experienced them already....   [tags: Example Persuasive Speech]

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The Epidemic Of Hiv And Aids

- AIDS. Also known as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Seventy one percent of people living and affected by Aids live in the United States alone. It is presently the leading cause of death throughout the region let alone the world. 39 million people in the past 3 years have died from HIV/Aids. A person can get HIV through various ways and it is easily transmitted to others. HIV is transmitted through different body fluids such as: blood, semen, pre-seminal fluid, rectal fluids, vaginal fluids, and breast milk....   [tags: HIV, AIDS, Blood, Blood donation]

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A Nurse Working At Boston Children 's Hospital On An Endocrinology Floor

- ... As the nurse, it is your duty to provide the best care, while respecting the father and not cutting him out of being a participatory member in the daughters care. Gather Relevant Facts The patient has been diagnosed with sickle cell disease and is currently suffering from life threatening anemia. There are many types of treatments available for those with sickle cell disease. The primary treatments used the most include medications and blood transfusions. The types of medications used include antibiotics, pain relieving medications, as well as hydroxyurea, a drug that helps to stimulate the production of fetal hemoglobin (Mayo Clinic, 2014)....   [tags: Red blood cell, Blood, Sickle-cell disease]

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The Different Types of Thalassemia and How is Diagnosed

- Thalassemia is basically a name for similar groups of inherited blood diseases that involve missing or abnormal genes regarding the protein in hemoglobin which is the red blood cells that carry oxygen throughout the body. I will discuss the different types of Thalassemia, how Thalassemia is diagnosed, and the treatments available. I will also discuss the complications and side effects of the treatments, the disease’s causes and effects, and how it is more dominant in some parts of the world than others....   [tags: blood disorder, thalassemia, hemoglobin]

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Surgical Improvements from World War One

- ... Surgeons would go over forty hours without sleep and this had drastic effects on their performance. One surgeon broke four syringes without successfully giving a hypodermic injection due to his fatigue. (Darby) The lack of space required many places to be converted into temporary triage locations. Triage is a quick way to streamline examination and get serious cases handled first. Another issue was moving bedridden patients after their surgeries because of the narrow hatchways and doorways....   [tags: tecniques, sanitation, transfusions]

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Effectiveness Of Performance Enhancing Drugs

- Performance Enhancing drugs have been used in overwhelming amounts in sports. This is unfortunately not limited to professional sports but athletes are using them on the high school and college level as well. The use of many performance enhancing drugs and practices are banned completely and users are punished for using them. The use of performance enhancing drugs in a competitive sport is seen as cheating. Many athletes use performance-enhancing drugs (PED) whether it’s to increase their speed and endurance, to gain muscle mass, or increase muscle recovery....   [tags: Red blood cell, Blood, Anemia, Hematocrit]

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Managing and Controlling the Risks Associated With the Transmissions of Blood Borne Viruses in the Health Care Setting

- Introduction ‘Control of Hospital Infection’ 4th ed. defines bloodborne virus infection as: ‘Where the blood contains infectious agents that can be transferred into the body of another person giving rise to infection’ (1). Bloodborne viruses can pose an important risk to healthcare workers. The biggest risks lies with contracting HIV, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C (2). These particular infections have the ability to cause asymptomatic and symptomatic infections. The biggest risk in the hospital is the exposure to blood borne viruses....   [tags: Safety Procedures, Bodily Fluids]

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Anti Doping Agency ( Usada )

- ... The use of EPO raises an athletes red blood cell count, which can increase the amount of oxygen that can be delivered to muscles, improving recovery and endurance (Greg Beaubien 9). Corticosteroids are any of the various adrenal-cortex steroids, such as corticosterone, cortisone, and aldosterone which can used medically especially as anti-inflammatory agents (Merriam Webster). This type of steroid is most commonly used to decrease inflammation that can cause swelling and pain. They can be administered locally (to the specific are that hurts) or systemically (through pill or intravenously) (National Research Centre 198)....   [tags: Red blood cell, Blood, Drugs in sport, Hematocrit]

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Blood, Guts and Glory: Thalassemia Patients Battle for a Better Life

- Blood, Guts and Glory: Thalassemia Patients Battle for a Better Life When his company offered Vikram*, a systems analyst in Toronto, a transfer to Montreal with a promotion and pay raise, he was delighted but concerned. The 31-year-old unmarried Vikram worked twice as hard in his job to make up for the time he took off for medical reasons. The promotion was a justified reward for his hard work. But the question bothering Vikram, the issue that would determine his decision whether to accept the posting, was: Will I find a Thalassemia care center in Montreal....   [tags: Journalism Journalistic Essays]

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Dracula - Symbolism Of Blood

- In Bram Stoker's Dracula, the most blatant and powerful symbol is blood. He takes the blood that means so much to the believers of this legend and has it represent more than even they could imagine. Blood is the main object associated with vampires and vampirism. From a mythical standpoint, it is the basis of life for the vampires as they feed off of the blood of young, vibrant souls. From a more scientific standpoint blood is what would drip out of the corpse's mouth when family members would dig up their dead kin to check for the dreaded disease....   [tags: Bram Stoker]

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The Mutations that Cause Thalassemia

- Public Health Problem When parents pass down their genetics to their offspring, they pass down eye color, height, blood type, etc. In some cases, unfortunately, parents also passed down genes for hereditary diseases like thalassemia. Thalassemia is a blood disorder passed down through families in which the body makes an abnormal form of hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen. The disorder results in excessive destruction of red blood cells, which leads to anemia (MedlinePlus, 2012)....   [tags: blood disorder, hemoglobin, genes]

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What are Red Cells?

- Introduction Every adult has around five litres of blood inside them, accounting for around 8% of their total body weight. Usage of donated blood by transfusion was a 20th century phenomenon and has become a long established therapeutic necessity. Around 2,000,000 units are transfused each year in UK, red cells remaining by far the most commonly transfused blood productL. There are many areas in which blood transfusions come useful – such as serious injuries, illnesses, operations, childbirth – and in the case of red cells, often in the case of severe anaemia and blood loss....   [tags: blood, donations, infection]

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The American Red Cross Story

- Did you know that every 2 seconds someone in the United States needs blood. Where does that blood come from. The American Red Cross, is a nonprofit humanitarian organization. It assists with disaster relief and provides emergency services to those in need. The American Red Cross has been around for aver 100 years and has come a long way in the process. The American Red Cross was founded on May 21, 1881 by Clara Barton. In the late 1850’s she moved to Washington, D.C. to work in the United States Patent office....   [tags: Clara Barton, blood drives]

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Everything You Need to Know About Hepatitis C

- Hepatitis C is an inflammation of the liver. Type C hepatitis can cause serious illness and may increase your risk of liver cancer. There are two main types of hepatitis-acute and chronic. Acute hepatitis comes on quickly and also goes away sooner. Hepatitis is considered chronic if it lasts for six months or longer. It usually comes on slower and the symptoms are more mild. Type C is the most common cause of Chronic Hepatitis. It can also lead to Liver Cancer or Cirrhosis. Seventy to eighty percent of Hepatitis C patients suffer from lifelong illness or chronic infections....   [tags: liver, blood, jaundice]

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Disease Conditions of Hepatitis C

- Hepatitis C (HCV) is defined as inflammation of the liver, caused by a virus. The liver, because of its diversity, can be locally diffuse throughout the liver or it can manifest systemically (Osborn, Wraa, Watson and Hollaeran, 2014). It can be acute or chronic, mild or life threatening, depending on the type and duration of the infection. HCV has an incubation period of 35 to 72 days and replicates at a very high rate, mutating readily, which does not allow the host’s immune system to keep up and destroy the virus (Osborn, et al, 2014)....   [tags: HCV, liver, blood flow]

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Modes of Transportation in Our Body

- The vehicles of life, both seen and unseen, are essential to the functionality of our dynamic world. Macroscopically, cars, trains, and airplanes have the ability to transport us out of the mundane into the extraordinary. Microscopically, molecules and cells meandering their way through highways of veins and arteries form the lifeblood of humanity. A drop of blood carrying countless blood cells travels throughout our bodies delivering oxygen to tissue, helping our bodies to produce the energy it needs....   [tags: oxgyen, blood, cells, experience]

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Hemophilia Is A Common Type Of Hemophilia

- What is hemophilia. Hemophilia is a mutation, deletion, or inversion affecting factors in X gene chromosomes. Females have a XX chromosome and men have a XY chromosome. Since females have a XX Chromosome they may have one deficient X chromosome,creating a carrier gene. Males have one X chromosome which will not produce sufficient quantity of factor 8 and 9.Genetic hemophilia accounts for 2/3 of hemophilia cases, 1/3 are a mutation. Hemophilia is a genetic disorder of blood clotting (thrombocytes)....   [tags: Blood, Coagulation, Haemophilia B, Haemophilia A]

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The Origin of HIV/AIDS

- ... During the first 2 weeks to a month after exposure to the HIV infection, most infected individuals with display symptoms of a severe flu. The symptoms include fever, swollen glands, sore throat, rash, muscle and joint aches and pains, fatigue, and headache. The early period of infection is known as the “acute retroviral syndrome” (Stages, 2013). Once the virus is out of the acute stage it enters into the latency stage where it continues to replicate but no symptoms are shown. As the infection progresses and the immune system becomes seriously damaged then the virus has now developed into AIDS....   [tags: blood, main transmission]

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Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome ( Hiv )

- ... What they all had in common was that something was interfering with the process that normally protected oneself with invading germs. According to the last detailed research on statistics, it was observed that in 2010, there were 34 million people affected with HIV. More than half of this population was said to be women and close to 3.5 million are children of the age 15 years old. Again in 2010, 1.8 million people died from HIV which is less that the figure during 2005 which was 2.2 million....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Immune system, Blood]

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Hiv / Aids And Hiv Aids

- In 1981, the first case of HIV/AIDS was introduced in America. At that time, no one knew what was causing the disease. Today’s medical field now knows a lot more in regards to the effects and transmission of HIV/AIDS. More than 33.4 million people worldwide are infected with the HIV virus today. While there is not such a rapid growth as when the virus began, the numbers of affected people are still growing. HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency virus. HIV is a virus similar to that of the flu or common cold....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Immune system, Blood]

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How The Hiv Virus Evolve?

- ... After acquiring the background information you begin to understand that it first originated in Africa, but wonder how did it spread around the world. Furthermore, there were studies that believed that the first transmission from SIV to HIV in humans took place around the 1920 in Kinshasa in the Democratic Republic of Congo (http://www.avert.org/professionals/history-hiv-aids/origin). In Congo, they are highly populated and do not know the dangers of HIV. It is known in Congo, to have the most genetic diversity of HIV strains than anywhere else....   [tags: HIV, AIDS, Immune system, Blood]

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Aids, No Cure For Aids

- ... Firstly, through surveillance and quality assurance of barrier products such as condoms, dental dams, surgical, and medical gloves. Secondly, it is working with sponsors, NIH, and other researchers to develop practical topical microbicides to prevent the spread of HIV by creating a chemical barrier to transmission of live virus. Fourthly, by ensuring the safety of the nation’s blood supply. Fifthly, working with government and industry developers of both preventive and therapeutic vaccinations for HIV....   [tags: AIDS, Immune system, Blood, HIV]

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Causes And Treatments Of Esophageal Varices

- Introduction Esophageal varices are abnormally enlarged veins usually located in the submucosa of the lower esophagus and are caused when there is an obstruction of the portal venous circulation. They are most common in individuals with liver diseases and in most circumstances can be life threatening. It is imperative that we diagnose esophageal varices in a timely manner to decrease complications. Pathophysiology and Concept Pathophysiology Esophageal varices are usually caused by portal hypertension....   [tags: Blood, Bleeding, Vein, Esophageal varices]

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A Short Note On Types Of Anemia And Iron Lack

- ... It occurs sickle cell anemia (Paradowski, K. (2015). Iron lack is discovered regularly in patients with incendiary inside malady (IBD) and can significantly affect their personal satisfaction. The reasons for iron lack are gastrointestinal blood misfortune, poor oral admission of iron, malabsorption, and aggravation (Biswas, S., King, C., Merrick, R., Green, C., Myszor, M., Simmons, J., & De Silva, A. (2014). Treatment The treatment of the anemia fluctuates extraordinarily. In the first place, the basic reason for the anemia should be recognized and remedied....   [tags: Red blood cell, Anemia, Hemoglobin, Hematology]

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A Study On Sickle Cell Anemia

- ... Hemoglobin is what allows blood red cells to carry oxygen from your lungs to the rest of your body. In sickle cell anemia, it causes the hemoglobin to become abnormal resulting in the shaping of your blood cells to change. The gene that carries sickle cell is passed down each generation in pattern of autosomal inheritance. That means that both sets of parents have to pass down the malfunctioning form for the child to be affected with the disease. When there is one parent that carries the disease and one that doesn’t, the child will have sickle cell trait....   [tags: Red blood cell, Sickle-cell disease, Hemoglobin]

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Managing Sickle Cell Pain With Music Therapy

- ... As stated by Cowan, breathing exercises are a method of relaxation that can be incorporated into the music therapy intervention. An example of this is deep breathing, which can assist sickle cell patients in controlling and managing the stress and anxiety that come with the pain of the disease. Along with this, deep breathing can help improve circulation and lessen pain which will lead to relaxation. Focusing on the breath helps to focus the body. Because of this, the health therapist works with the patient to focus on his or her breathing with or without music by inhaling air through the nose and exhaling through the mouth Abdominal, or diaphragmatic breathing, can help relax the body....   [tags: Sickle-cell disease, Red blood cell, Respiration]

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1377 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Sickle Cell Anemia And Its Effects

- ... The NIH or the National Institutes of Health recommend that all newborn babies undergo screening test for the disease of sickle cell anemia to ascertain the presence of the disorder, which will allow doctors to begin treatment as soon as possible. People who experience severe symptoms from sickle anemia will experience more occurrences of their blood moving in the body slowly, causing clogs in the vessels which can lead to some issues such as, a higher chance of getting infections, a higher chance of having a stroke, and a condition called Acute Chest Syndrome which is condition that causes inflammation, infection, of blood vessels in the lungs that are blocked by sickle cells....   [tags: Red blood cell, Sickle-cell disease, Malaria]

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Benefits Of Sickle Cell Disease

- ... She became the national spokeswoman for the Sickle Cell Disease Association of America in 1996. The football player Tiki Barber finds ways to win games on the field, and he also works hard help other people who suffer from sickle cell, as he does, win against the disease every single day. He does this by helping families affected by sickle cell disease become more aware of the disorder, and they learn how the possibility of iron overload, which can stem from regular blood transfusions during sickle cell treatment....   [tags: Sickle-cell disease, Red blood cell, Malaria]

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1537 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

Hereditary Spherocytosis

- Every one in two thousand people are diagnosed with hereditary spherocytosis. This rare blood disorder is of the Northern European ancestry. The prevalence of hereditary spherocytosis in people of other ethnic backgrounds is unknown (Government). This disease should be detected in early childhood, but in some rare cases it can go undetected for years or never be detected at all. Hereditary spherocytosis not only affects the red blood cells but the spleen as well. It only takes one abnormal gene for a child to have the disease for the rest of his or her life....   [tags: Health, Blood Disorder]

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1112 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Living With Sickle Cell Anemia

- Living With Sickle Cell Anemia: Medical and Alternative Management Sickle cell anemia is a genetic disease in which a person’s blood has a lower than normal number of red blood cells. According to Miriam Bloom, “Sickle cell trait runs in the same families as the sickle cell disease, but the people with sickle cell trait do not have sickle cell disease, and they never will. In some instances, however, they can have children who do. People with sickle cell disease have inherited two damaged genes (Units of hereditary), one from each parent” (Bloom 3)....   [tags: Red blood cell, Sickle-cell disease, Bone marrow]

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1142 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

The Law on Transfusion of Blood to Patients

- ... For sure, clinicians will not be certain about which authority or policies to fulfill first (Wilson, 2005). Consequently, the stance of the issue is to stability the religious desires of the patient and family against the clinical requirement for a needed blood transfusion. Being in the occurrence of patient and family opposition to treatment can be a stressful experience for healthcare practitioner. Though the law support venerating the requests of JW person who doesn’t want blood transfusion treatment, the clinicians still in certain situation need further documentation....   [tags: nurses, policies, beliefs, authority]

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539 words | (1.5 pages) | Preview

Phlebotomy: Education and Training

- Have you ever wondered how people get trained and learn how to draw peoples blood and not hurt you . This research paper will talk about how to prep for a Venipuncture, what to get and how to act when performing a puncture. The education and training that you need to be a phlebotomist is hard and can be very stressful. A Phlebotomist is a member of a laboratory that deals with blood from a patient. Nature of work is that the Phlebotomist Tech transports the specimens that are involved with a patient and also draws transfusions....   [tags: blood, laboratory, venipuncture, HIV]

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1434 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Forced blood transfusion of a memeber of Jehovah's Witnesses

- Forced Blood Transfusion of a member of Jehovah's Witnesses The guidelines that are in the Belmont Report give many important principles that doctors and allied health workers should follow. The guidelines in belmont principles cover a wide variety of bioethical situations that persons working in a medical field might encounter, or rights that one might expect to receive if needing medical treatment. The four main key points included are, beneficence, justice, non-maleficence, and autonomy. What if though, as a patient, these guidelines were ignored and your rights were ignored....   [tags: doctors,belmont report, ethics]

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1023 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Blood The Essential River Of Life

- Blood the essential river of life is the fluid that flows throughout our bodies and our living tissues. It is also considered a connective tissue even though it does not provide support or connect anything because it is developed from mesenchyme (Embryonic fluid) and living blood cells, the formed elements, are suspended in a nonliving fluid matrix called plasma (Marieb 2004).It gives us the nutrients to sustain life and the antibodies to block off most infections it enables our bodies to dispose of waste products like carbon and others and helps you to circulate much more needed gasses like oxygen to organs and other cells in need....   [tags: Blood, Blood type, ABO blood group system]

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1134 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Investigating The Blood Of Blood Cells Exist Within The Human Body

- ... Leukemia, thus, affect the appearance of white blood cells. The observations of this experiment note the leukemia blood smear contained a web of relatively large beige clumps spread across the slide. The erythrocytes formed a matrix like structure after clumping together. Several light purple dots with granules, similar to that of the basophil cells, lay under these branchlike red blood cells. This light purple substance was identified as white blood cells. From this description one can deduce that the slide contains mast cell leukemia....   [tags: Blood type, Blood, Red blood cell]

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1173 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

Jacobson Syndrome: An Overview

- Jacobson Syndrome Other names for disorder: 11q terminal deletion disorder 11q deletion disorder Jacobson thrombocytopenia JBS Causes for disorder: Jacobson Syndrome occurs when the genetic material from chromosome 11 is lost. At the end of the long arm (q) of chromosome 11 there is a deletion. Chromosome Affected: Chromosome 11-at the end of the long arm (q) there is a deletion. Are there prenatal tests: Many children are diagnosed with Jacobson Syndrome after birth, but there can be prenatal tests using cytogenic analysis....   [tags: Chromosome, Heart, Transfusion]

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540 words | (1.5 pages) | Preview

Blood: Questions and Answers

- 1. What is the function of the blood. What specific materials does it transport. Why are these substances important. Be specific – explain why these substances contribute to homeostasis. Blood is composed of plasma (clear extracellular fluid) and cellular components, which consist of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Necessary body fluids, nutrients, gases, chemicals, and wastes are transported throughout the body by the blood. The functions of the blood include respiration, waste elimination, thermoregulation, nutrient delivery, immunity and defense, hormone delivery, and water and pH balance....   [tags: Blood]

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1402 words | (4 pages) | Preview

The Effect Of Donating Blood

- ... The steps include registration, medical history, mini physical, donation and then refreshments. During registration the person will just be asked basically to sign in, they will be given a sticker with a number on it depending upon if they’re a first time donor or a repetitive donor. A green sticker indicates a new donor, and a red sticker indicated a repetitive donor. They will then be sent to a Red Cross volunteer for a few questions concerning their medical history. The medical history process is just going to contain a few questions, asking if the person is feeling well, this also means no certain type of health conditions that might affect the blood in a negative way....   [tags: Blood, Blood donation, Blood plasma, Blood type]

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1559 words | (4.5 pages) | Preview

The Effect Of Blood Pressure On The Blood Vessels

- ... The average person has about 5ml of blood coursing through their arterial walls at any one point. Blood pressure is often expressed as a fraction with systolic blood pressure being on the top, which is the pressure in your brachial artery when your left ventricle is pumping the blood in your heart through the systemic system. The bottom number is your diastolic blood pressure, or the pressure exerted on your brachial cephalic artery while your left ventricle is refilling with oxygenated blood....   [tags: Blood pressure, Artery, Heart, Pulse]

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The Rate Of Red Blood Cells

- ... Higher testosterone means higher red blood cells and hemoglobin which is reflected in the hematocrit and total oxygen carrying capacity. Station 5 have higher hemoglobin concentration may be due to loading too much blood into the measuring tube. Consequently, the value to MCHC for station 5 is higher than the normal. The MCV calculated value for station 1, station 3, and station 6 higher than the normal value because the red blood cells count for those stations are too low. The percentage of MCHC and the MCV evaluate the deficiency of anemia (Tharp and Woodman, 2015)....   [tags: Blood, Hematology, Blood type, Red blood cell]

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1546 words | (4.4 pages) | Preview

The Importance Of Exercising On Blood Pressure

- Upshot of exercising on blood pressure BIOL 1612l, Section 346 Georgia perimeter college / R. SOCCI Written by: Derick Totchum Lab partners: Ryan Slack, Ashley Jackson, Jacob meadows Submitted: June 23, 2015   INTRODUCTION According to Wikipedia, (BP) or blood pressure is the “resulting pressure as blood circulates upon the walls of blood vessels”; however pulse is the “tactile palpation of the heartbeat by trained fingertips”. In adults, a blood pressure of 120/80mmHg would be considered healthy....   [tags: Blood pressure, Artery, Blood, Vein]

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1895 words | (5.4 pages) | Preview

The Effect Of Blood On The Body

- ... Hemo pure’s source of haemoglobin is bovine haemoglobin. Bovine haemoglobin are from cows. Hemo pure is bovine haemoglobin placed in a salt solution. Hemo pure is universal and is suitable for all blood types. Hygiene and the need to lessen the spread of viruses are very important so Hemo pure is checked for infectious diseases and pathogens. Hemo pure has a long shelf-life and can last up to 36 months. Oxygen deliver is also immediate as time does not necessarily affect its oxygen levels. Poly heme’s source of haemoglobin is from humans....   [tags: Blood, Red blood cell, Bone marrow]

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1247 words | (3.6 pages) | Preview

The Effects Of Exercise On Blood Pressure

- ... The average pressure is under 80, prehypertension is 80 to 89, hypertension is 90 or higher. How is it Calculated. Blood pressure can be measured through the use of a sphygmomanometer or a blood pressure cuff. The cuff is inflatable via air pump and is attached a stethoscope, or a medical instrument used to hear the heartbeat and a pressure gauge, which is used for monitoring the level of millimeters of mercury or mmHg. Once the different blood pressures is measured put the systolic over the diastolic....   [tags: Blood pressure, Hypertension, Artery]

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1120 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

The Movie And The Band Played On Stakeholders

- In the movie And the Band Played On, stakeholders’ interests stymied public health efforts to research and implement health policy to control the rapidly emerging disease, acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). The stakeholders within the movie, those whose interest would be impacted by policy change, included the affected populations, scientists, state and federal public health officials, and organizations including blood banks. Early in the epidemic, the Center for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) were tentative in disclosing vital information – many homosexual men were becoming infected in the bathhouses (Pillsbury, Sanford, & Spottiswoode, 1993)....   [tags: AIDS, HIV, Blood transfusion, Blood]

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1061 words | (3 pages) | Preview

Measuring and Changing Your Blood Pressure

- Blood pressure is defined as the force of the blood against the artery wall. If ones blood pressure is too high or too low it may cause cardiovascular problems in the future. When blood pressure is measured, a cuff is placed on your arm, we will add pressure to this cuff to temporarily stop the blood flow. With a stethoscope we will then listen to your blood flow. By doing this we get two measurements, the first is systolic pressure. Systolic pressure is the reading when the blood is being contracted by the heart, or when the heart contracts, and diastolic pressure, measured when the heart relaxes....   [tags: Blood pressure, ]

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575 words | (1.6 pages) | Preview

Hypertension : High Blood Pressure

- Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) is an illness that millions of people of all sorts are affected by. Moreover, although stress and emotional tension can temporarily increase blood pressure; but it won’t be considered as high blood pressure. Hypertension usually is there with no symptoms. It may happen and remain unseen for many years. People, until told by a medical physician generally overlook high blood pressure. People are not aware of how hypertension affects the body, how it is measured, what the symptoms are of high blood pressure, and what people/ethnic groups are affected by hypertension more than another....   [tags: Blood pressure, Hypertension]

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1109 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Common Reason For High Blood Pressure

- ... Sodium consumption is an important factor of developmental essential hypertension. Studies also show that low dietary intake of calcium, potassium, and magnesium can contribute to the progress of hypertension. What can you do to prevent high blood pressure. Exercise regularly, keep your weight at a desirable level, look at your intake of alcohol, don 't smoke, or quit smoking. Also, level the amount of daily intake of cane sugar and Himalayan crystal salt and avoid poisonous sugar and table salt....   [tags: Blood pressure, Blood, Hypertension, Artery]

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770 words | (2.2 pages) | Preview

Hypertension : High Blood Pressure

- ... When these two pressure are figured out the numbers are recorded like a fraction with the systolic pressure over top of the diastolic pressure. A normal blood pressure should be 120/80 mm Hg or less, so your systolic pressure should be 120 or less and your diastolic pressure should be 80 or less. Hypertension is not diagnosed solely after one solitary high blood pressure measurement, but if you consistently go to the doctor and your blood pressure is 140/90 mm Hg than the doctor will give you a plan to try and get your blood pressure back on track....   [tags: Blood pressure, Hypertension, Artery]

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841 words | (2.4 pages) | Preview

Hypertension And High Blood Pressure

- Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a common disease affecting about 70 million Americans but only about half of those affected Americans have their blood pressure under control. 1 in 3 adults are in prehypertension, which means they are in the blood pressure range that is in danger of obtaining hypertension but the numbers are not quite high enough to diagnose them with the disease. Hypertension diagnosed when a person has tension, or high pressure, in their arteries. The more blood that is pumped into a person’s arteries and the narrower the arteries become, the higher the blood pressure....   [tags: Blood pressure, Hypertension]

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1361 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Elite Athlete and The World Anti-Doping Agency

- In order to be considered an elite athlete, you must have the best time, speed, agility and endurance. You must be able to perform above average and you must be able to crush your opponent; after all, there is no such thing as second best. Sadly, this pressure of being the champion is forcing many athletes all over the world to turn to supplements to help them achieve this goal. The problem is, some of these supplements have little research to back them up or are entirely illegal. Thus making the journey for perfection, a very dangerous and treacherous one....   [tags: HIV, hepatitis, blood transfusion]

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1518 words | (4.3 pages) | Preview

Truman Capote's In Cold Blood

- According to the American Heritage Dictionary, the word “Fiction” is described as being “A literary work whose content is produced by the imagination and is not necessarily based on fact” (Fiction). Fiction generally can be categorized into six sub-genres: historical, horror, mystery, romance, westerns, and science fiction. However, Capote’s novel In Cold Blood cannot be easily placed in any of these categories. With the publication of Capote’s groundbreaking work in 1965, many critics argued as to what genre it belonged in; today this conflict is still relevant....   [tags: In Cold Blood Essays]

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Truman Capote's In Cold Blood

- Literature, the dictionary defines it being the art of written works that is simultaneously designed to entertain, educate and instruct its audience; writers, using their skill of telling stories, use literature in an attempt to transfer their ideas from paper to the reader; for some, this task means bringing their story to a different place and time that is entirely separate from what the could be perceive as ordinary, on order to serve the writer’s intent. With this, the impossible, becomes the probable, and the worst fear imagined becomes the breathed reality; with no separation between the truth, and fiction....   [tags: In Cold Blood Essays]

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1129 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

Truman Capote's In Cold Blood

- Truman Capote wrote In Cold Blood with the intention of creating a new non-fiction genre, a creative spin on a newspaper article with the author, and his opinions and judgments completely absent from the text, leaving only the truth for the reader to interpret. The pages of In Cold Blood are filled with facts and first-hand accounts of the events surrounding the brutal murder of a wealthy unsuspecting family in Holcomb, Kansas. Author Truman Capote interviewed countless individuals to get an accurate depiction of every one affected by and every side of the murder....   [tags: In Cold Blood Essays]

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1790 words | (5.1 pages) | Preview

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