Your search returned 272 essays for "Deng Xiaoping":
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Mao Zedong And Deng Xiaoping

- ... He translated these ideas into his administration’s actions, building a modern day China that maintains an authoritarian government while growing its economy at an exponential rate using a mixed economy. These distinctions make Mao and Deng’s administrations the most contrasting yet impactful group of reformers and revolutionaries in China’s recent past. II. Leadership Styles and Approaches to Governing Mao gives great insight into his leadership and governmental philosophy in “The Mass Line”, a document in which he describes in detail a governing technique, inspired by Joseph Stalin, known as ‘the mass line’....   [tags: Cultural Revolution, Deng Xiaoping]

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Deng Xiaoping, A Chinese Revolutionary And Statesman

- Biography of Deng Xiaoping Deng Xiaoping, a Chinese revolutionary and statesman, greatly contributed to the People’s Republic of China (PRC)’s modern development, and led China to a new era under his leading of the reform and opening-up policy. In his political career, Deng Xiaoping transformed from focusing on class struggle to focusing on economic development, and from a faithful follower of Mao Zedong to a reformer who tend to develop reform and innovation, while remained consistent ways on opposing bureaucracy, sectarianism and subjectivism, and emphasizing on practice and ideological and political education....   [tags: Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, Cultural Revolution]

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The Republic Of Chin The Great Leap Forward, The Cultural Revolution, And Deng Xiaoping

- All through the vast majority of its history China has been a standout amongst the most exceptional countries on the planet, yet by the center of the 20th century it had been cut up by remote regal hobbies, for example, Great Britain, Germany, the United States and Japan. While the Great Leap Forward, the Cultural Revolution, and Deng Xiaoping 's changes boosted china into getting to be more industrialized and worked throughout the beginning of history, the significant farming and hunger problem, challenges that prompted military slaughter of thousands along with the major problems in the economy, and the lowering in rank, dignity, and value to their ruler demonstrate that they made trouble...   [tags: Deng Xiaoping, Mao Zedong, Cultural Revolution]

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Deng Xiaoping And The Communist Party

- ... The author notes Deng’s father who held nationalistic values and fought vehemently against the Manchu Qing dynasty, this is suggested to have created nationalistic values within Deng. By 1915, after years of education within his clan and influence from his father, Pantsov states that Deng developed patriotic or “heroic ideas of struggling for freedom of the Chinese nation.” This is further demonstrated in Deng’s participation in the May Fourth movement, which was a movement in which many patriotic Chinese protested the Chinese government’s inadequate response to the Treaty of Versailles at the end of World War I, in which Japan was awarded Chinese territory....   [tags: Mao Zedong, People's Republic of China, Marxism]

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Deng Xiaoping's Economic Reform in China

- The goals of Deng Xiaoping’s economic reform were the ‘Four Modernizations’. This Four Modernization refers to the reform of agriculture, industry, national defense, and science technology. These reforms were to solve the problems of motivating workers and farmers to produce a larger surplus and to eliminate economic imbalances that were common in command economies. Deng Xiaoping felt that the quickest way to build a better China was to improve living conditions immediately, to give people the level of morale they need for further development....   [tags: world history, chinese]

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The Legacy of Deng Xiaoping

- The Legacy of Deng Xiaoping Deng Xiaoping was born is 1904 in Sichuan Province. He died in 1997. He was the General Secretary of the Communist Party. He went to France for higher education. He was a short man, gentle looking and intelligent. He was tough and soft-spoken. He was a chain smoker and he loved playing mahjong. He became the leader of China after chairman Mao. He was in power from 1978 till 1997. He married three times and had five children. (Three daughter, two sons) Deng made three major policies while he was in power....   [tags: Papers]

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Deng Xiaoping

- Deng Xiaoping China has a long history with several great leaders, but none of those leaders have even come close to being as great as Deng Xiaoping. Deng Xiaoping was a loyal communist who sacrificed his own life so his people could have a better one. During his long political career, he served as a Communist politcommissar of the 129th Division (Liu-Deng Army) from 1929 to 1949. As politcommissar, he bravely and successfully fought the Nationalists. In 1945, he was elected to the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Deng Xiaoping

- Introduction “I don’t care if the cat is black or white, I just want it to kill the mice.” - Deng Xiaoping. Deng Xiaoping has been the individual with the most impact on China since the 1970’s. Along with Mao Zedong and Zhou Enlai, he is looked at as one of the key figures in evolution of communism in China . Deng Xiaoping will be remembered as a national hero, but this was not always the case. The real story of Deng includes the fact that, on more than one occasion, his peers ostracized him. During his lifetime he has been a part of the many changes in China throughout the twentieth century....   [tags: China Chinese]

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Deng Xiaoping's Massive Reform Set China on a Sky-rocketing Course

- ... His other economic policies eased the government control over economics and it resulted in a large boost of economic growth, this economic growth extended even past the time he resigned in the 1990s. For instance the GDP (Gross Domestic Product, a determiner of the quality of life) per capita in 1978 was 154.07 billion U.S dollars (World Bank), just 30 years later the Chinese GDP per capita in 2008 skyrocketed to 3,170 billion U.S dollars (World Bank). This increase from 154.07 billion U.S dollars to 3,170 billion U.S dollars represents an approximate whopping 20.57% increase in its GDP in only 30 years after Deng implemented his reforms and policies....   [tags: poverty, revolution, communist]

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Deng Xiaoping : A Powerful Leader Of The People 's Republic Of China

- ... Yet, Xiaoping’s noticeable memorizing capacity was not the only characteristic that got the attention of his entourage… Indeed, it was not long before his sense of patriotism was noticed by school members. Furthermore, Deng’s interest in China’s political sphere led him to take part in the demonstrations of the May Fourth Movement when he was only 14 years old (Ezra, 2011, p.17). The rapid spread of this political movement increased China’s youth awareness concerning international developments....   [tags: People's Republic of China, Mao Zedong]

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The Modernization of China

- In 1978 Deng Xiaoping became the leader of China and began an ambitious program of economic reform. Under Deng Xiaoping’s modernization policies, the country was opened to the outside world that foreigners were encouraged to bring technical information and managerial knowledge to China. The new policies encouraged private and collective business, so that higher skill levels of workers were needed to develop the new China. My grandfather, Shidao Liu, is an exemplar of rural people who obtained opportunity to gain a satisfactory job during Deng’s era....   [tags: Deng Xiaoping, modenization policies]

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The Novel And Film

- LLY finally gained publicity in 1979. Before long it enjoyed a large readership across the nation, especially among students, and soon was adapted into screenplay in 1981. The adapted film based on the screenplay was released in 1983 and again received positive remarks and even awards from abroad. The uneven publication history of the novel seems nullified after all the success. However, there exist two epistemological gaps that need to be addressed in this success story, if one is to fully understand why the novel and film became popular and how its popularity could unveil the tripartite relation between the text, reader/audience, and politics....   [tags: Deng Xiaoping, Mao Zedong]

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China 's Current Regime With A Communist Party

- Can China’s current regime with a communist party continue to provide political stability and institutional support to the soaring economy. If not, will China find a smooth pathway to democracy. Let us look at these questions logically from opposing positions. The Chinese economy has been growing rapidly for the past few decades. This economic growth may or may not be sustainable. In China, local officials only have a few years in office. As such, local governments are bound to ignore several policies that contribute to economic growth and sustainable development in the long-term....   [tags: People's Republic of China, Deng Xiaoping]

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The Economic Development Of China

- The socialist market economy is a model used by the Republic of China and it is the second largest economy in the world. After the 1980 economic reform implemented by Deng Xiaoping the Chinese economy has been growing positively for their domestic economy as well as the world economy. The world economy is the global economic activity between countries that are considered intertwined and can affect other countries negatively or positively. China was able to transform their economy from a former centrally planned economy into a full market economy in 1992....   [tags: People's Republic of China, Deng Xiaoping]

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The Chinese Model Of Prosperity

- ... First, there is homogeneity. The Han race makes up 91% of China and speaks one language, Mandarin. This has made it infinitely easier for Beijing to script and sell a unifying narrative, even one that requires hardship and sacrifice. Meanwhile, in energy-starved Pakistan, interracial suspicions have long hamstrung progress on the Kalabagh Dam, a direly needed power generation project. Simply put, the more nations that make up a state, the harder it is to formulate and sustain a “national interest.” India remains an anomaly among accomplished democracies insofar as it is hugely diverse, yet retains a cooperative system of governance....   [tags: People's Republic of China, Deng Xiaoping]

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The Chinese Model Of Prosperity

- ... The Han race makes up 91% of China and speaks one language, Mandarin. This has made it infinitely easier for Beijing to script and sell a unifying narrative, even one that requires hardship and sacrifice. Meanwhile, in energy-starved Pakistan, interracial suspicions have long hamstrung progress on the Kalabagh Dam, a direly needed hydro power project. Simply put, the more nations that make up a state, the harder it is to formulate and sustain a “national interest.” India remains an anomaly among accomplished democracies insofar as it is hugely diverse, yet retains a cooperative system of governance....   [tags: People's Republic of China, Deng Xiaoping]

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Movie Analysis On The Movie ' The Night '

- The movie “To Live” is a film about a family’s experience during hard and challenging time under Mao’s rule. Released in 1994, the movie was directed by Zhang Yimou and his sixth collaboration with Gong Li, “To Live” gives its viewers a journey towards this very revolutionary stage for the whole Chinese people. This movie transcends four decades of China’s history, which includes the Chinese Civil War, Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution. “To Live” gives another perspective about this particular stage of China’s history....   [tags: Cultural Revolution, Deng Xiaoping]

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Cultural Revolution : Another Kind Of Witch Hunt

- Nanxi Ai Ms. Dickey English 2 2 March 2015 Cultural Revolution--Another Kind of Witch Hunt By human nature, people are greedy and selfish. Rulers around the world try to control their citizens as much as possible, even under different social settings and cultural backgrounds. In a “witch hunt,” leaders do not want unknown people taking over their power. In beginning, people just focused on searching for capitalist officers and leaders....   [tags: Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping]

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Impact Of Globalization On China And South Africa

- The Impact of Globalization The term globalization refers to the movement throughout the world of information, financial capital, natural resources and trade goods (Haviland, Prins, Walrath, & McBride, 2012). Globalization has been accelerated by technological advances in transportation and communication. This process of globalization is more than just physically linking areas around the globe, it requires shared cultural understandings to overcome diverse economic, racial, political, and religious backgrounds (Brown, 1999)....   [tags: Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, Zhou Enlai]

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The Period Of Mao 's Leadership

- ... 44). A huge ideological difference could be seen between the ruling of divergent coalition. Mao Zedong and Liu Shaoqi had different groups in mind when they used the term: when Liu Shaoqi spoke of masses, he meant workers, whereas when Mao Zedong spoke of masses, he meant peasants. Liu Shaoqi distinctive approach to the masses had its most marked impact on China’s institutional structure in the early 1960s ( The GLF saw the flaw in Mao’s leadership. Due to his willingness to go against the Soviet model of Communism, he presented radical ideas that further dissolution the system of government....   [tags: Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, Cultural Revolution]

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The Zedong Of Mao 's Death

- ... Following his death, the New York Times published a three page article with multiple pictures titled, "Mao Tse-Tung: Father of a Chinese Revolution." The article praises Mao hailing him as "one of history 's great revolutionary figures," describing how he united China, and crediting him with transforming a "largely illiterate and predominately agricultural country . . . into a modern, industrialized socialist state (Butterfield 1976). Furthermore, this article was placed in the first section of the Times, whereas at the time, news about China was usually placed in section E....   [tags: Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, Cultural Revolution]

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China 's Impact On Chinese Culture

- ... Whenever China decided to open its economy up to the world, the United States and the western corporations decided to invest directly in China. This was great for China because this meant that the economy was going to rise due to these investments. Once China decided to open its economy to the world, its economy took off. This country has basically been spending its way to the top of the economic pyramid. Now that it is at the top, China is the largest trading partner of Brazil, Chile, and Peru....   [tags: People's Republic of China, China, Deng Xiaoping]

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The Revolutionary Red Guards Mass Nationwide Travel

- 16. Hundreds High Hats Paraded The Cultural Revolution was blazing everywhere in the vast land of China, also burned the ancient city 's streets and back lanes. The millennium city was experiencing a hitherto unknown "revolutionary baptism". To carry the revolution through to the end, our middle school red guards joined “the Revolutionary Red Guards mass nationwide travel" too. Many students went to Beijing, Wuhan, Zhongqi, but, a few matched to chairman Mao 's home town - Shao Shan(韶山)…… different cities and places....   [tags: Cultural Revolution, Deng Xiaoping, Mao Zedong]

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The Cult Of Personality Of Joseph Stalin

- After the Cult of Personality of Joseph Stalin was shattered in 1956, the Chinese Communist Party had to create a new way of achieving Marxism. It explored collective communist leadership for several years, but soon created a personality cult of its own, the cult of Chairman Mao. Mao Zedong Thought, which was seen as a quicker way to Marxism, became elevated throughout China, and subsequently so did Mao 's image. However, cults of personality existed in modern China before Mao, beginning with Sun Yat-sen during the republican era....   [tags: Mao Zedong, Cultural Revolution, Deng Xiaoping]

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China 's Modernization And National Development

- ... The establishment of the Socialist Youth League of China (SYLC) in 1920 and its evolvement into the Communist Youth League (CYL) finally in 1957 are the explication of the CCP’s youth policy. In this repressed and forbidden political atmosphere, both youth in reality and cultural representation were to live under the leadership of Mao and the CCP. This requirement for youth never ceased from the official propaganda, even after the open-door policy in the late 1970s. Nevertheless, the first conspicuous rift between youth and the state precisely began with the economic reformation in the post-Mao years....   [tags: Deng Xiaoping, Mao Zedong, Cultural Revolution]

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Communism And Starvation During 20th Century China

- From the spoon of Chairman Mao: communism and starvation in twentieth century China, by Colvin Null 1. The Famines of Chairman Mao In the late 1940’s, China was devastated and bankrupt from the inner conflicts and civil war they were having in their country. The people of China were desperate for a new system of government because their current government was not getting the job done, but little did China know what they were about to have to go through with a communist style government. The Chinese people hope the new government would bring peace and prosperity to the country....   [tags: Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, Communism]

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The Soviet Model Of Ffyp

- ... Furthermore, discourse soon began to orientate itself around Mao Zedong and Mao Zedong Thought, and the question of how his ambitions and vision for a socialist society ultimately decided the path for Communist China. Academics became less concerned with isolated economic policy, but rather how policy was born inside the party, and more particularly, inside Mao. The foreign scholar’s task quickly became to place economic and social policy of the High Tide movement into the broader context of events to follow....   [tags: People's Republic of China, Deng Xiaoping]

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The Revolution During The First Phase Of Cultural Revolution

- Many regard the young and naive students from high schools and universities as the main revolutionaries during the first phase of Cultural Revolution. Yet, Mao expected this revolution could mobilize a much broader range of people, including the workers and peasants – the proletariat classes in China. Though the government initially discouraged workers from participating in the Cultural Revolution (Macfarquhar and Schoenhals, 141) and asked them to pay attention to the production. Since the revolution became fiercer and urban students could not always carry out the revolution in the remote areas, then the workers started to take part in....   [tags: Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, Cultural Revolution]

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The United States Of America And The People 's Republic Of China

- The United States of America and the People’s Republic of China are two very different countries in how they perceive the liberal rights and needs of their citizens in sanctioning their practice. The U.S. view democracy and human rights as the defining element of social and human development; whereas China and it’s leaders views on such subjects could be interpreted as privileges that are to be negotiated based on the best interest of the nation (Li, 2012). Certainly the most renowned and influential account of democracy is one that is practiced in America....   [tags: Deng Xiaoping, Mao Zedong, Cultural Revolution]

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The Most Influential Group Should Be Children From The Educated Families

- The most influential group should be children from the educated families, who had faced discrimination from the society, when they wanted to join in the political activities, conferences, or classes, such as Political Criticizing Campaigns, and the search raids. Sometimes, children from educated or relatively wealthy families started to hate their parents because of their backgrounds, and teenagers began wanting to go to villages out of their own willingness. At the beginning of the Cultural Revolution, some teenagers joined the Red Guards, but the Red Guards had separated into three levels: the first level was for the children from the senior cadre families, called Maoism Red Guards, becaus...   [tags: Cultural Revolution, Deng Xiaoping, Mao Zedong]

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Chinese Cultural Revolution : A Movement That Took Place

- “Red Guards,” composed of the most active, the bravest and the firmest of the revolutionary students, packed the reviewing stands on both flanks of the Tienanmen gate and were scattered all about the square. Many of them were clad in khaki, with belts around the waist and red arm bands. These revolutionary students said that they were "Red Guards" for the defense of the Party Central Committee, Chairman Mao and Mao Zedong’s thought.[ Xinhua News Agency Release, August 19, 1966.] Introduction Chinese Cultural Revolution was a movement that took place from 1966 to 1976....   [tags: Mao Zedong, Cultural Revolution, Deng Xiaoping]

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The Cultural Revolution And Its Impact On China

- ... In 1959, Mao resigned as the State Chairman and this was continued by Liu Shaoqi (Keynes 34). On February 12, 1966, the "Five Man Group" issued a report known as the February Outline. Which shut down Chinas schools and it encouraged the Red Guards to attack all traditional values by criticizing them and mocking them. The Red Guards were young kids around 15-20 years old who supported the shake-ups within the Communist Party. Mao believed that this measure would benefit both young citizens and the party 's the Red Guards attacked (Zedong 22)....   [tags: Cultural Revolution, Deng Xiaoping, Mao Zedong]

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The Great Leap Forward As A Socioeconomic Plan

- Name: Tingyi Li Instructor: Erin McDonald Paper rough draft Topic: Great Leap Forward The Great Leap Forward was a socioeconomic plan held from 1958 to 1961 by Communist party of China. As a result of successful economic reconstruction that had taken place in the early 1950s, the First Five Year Plan, Mao Zedong wanted to launch the second Five Year Plan, which was the Great Leap Forward. It was aimed to change China’s agrarian economy into an industrialized and socialist society. Mao had a vision of surpassing the Soviet Union and the United States in a short period of time....   [tags: Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, Great Leap Forward]

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The Modernization Of The Soviet Union

- ... This was Mao’s first attempt to synthesize capitalism and communism, an idea that he would continue to experiment with. Facing the failure of the Great Leap and his initial plan for urban development, Mao took drastic action in the form of the Proletarian Cultural Revolution. DeFronzo defines the initial objective of the program as “to redistribute power to the people” (DeFronzo 104). In practice, this meant targeting any individuals with wealth and status and sending them away for re-education....   [tags: Cultural Revolution, Deng Xiaoping, Mao Zedong]

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Mao Zedong Of Marxism And Communism

- ... Even though the nationalists had tried to exterminate of the CCP the two parties once again became allies in 1937 when Japan invaded China (“Biographical Dictionary”). This alliance worked well during the first year of the war, however this cooperation started to strain when the communists expanded and by 1941 the relationship between the two parties ended (Rice, 95). This left the communist party fighting not only the Japanese but the nationalists as well. The two parties fighting the Japanese were able to win the war, but after this victory a three year civil war between the nationalist’s and the communist party continued....   [tags: Mao Zedong, Cultural Revolution, Deng Xiaoping]

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The Criticism Of Deng 's Administration

- ... In the “Let a Hundred Flowers Bloom” document, he explains that struggles between clashing sides, like “between democracy and centralism” or even within a group, like “within the peasantry”, is inevitable and natural (“On the Correct Handling of Contradictions Among the People” 459-68). He persists that “socialist society grows more united and consolidated precisely through the ceaseless process of correctly dealing with and resolving contradictions…” Furthermore, he suggests that “Marxism fears no criticism” and promotes “discussion, criticism and reasoning” in order to discern “correct ideas, overcome wrong ideas, and really settle issues.” Mao walks a fine line in his rhetoric, attemp...   [tags: Mao Zedong, People's Republic of China]

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The pre-Deng China

- At the geopolitical level, China saw Africa in the immediate post-colonial period as a continent that offered it the geographical reach in developing its claim as the global champion of the Third World. China portrayed itself, especially in the pre-Deng Xiaoping period, as engaged in a struggle against hegemonies’, and sought to develop stronger political ties with newly independent African countries to enhance its global reach and influence. China’s Africa policy touched on enhancing ties between Africa and Asia (Afro-Asian relations), as well as China seeing itself as the world’s largest country reaching out to a continent with the largest number of developing countries....   [tags: third world, foreign market, UN]

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Deng Xiaopeng

- Deng Xiaopeng Deng Xiaopeng was a good leader for China though at times Deng hit some bumpy roads and was said to infringe some of the Chinese rights still Deng controlled China with order and efficiency. Deng raised China’s economy to national high all around. Deng also strengthened its political status up to that of a very powerful country. Though Deng did things bad his achievements rose above his failures. As newfound leader of communist China after Mao’s death Deng’s first goal was to raise the technological status of China to standards that could possibly rival those of the west....   [tags: essays research papers]

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The Person I Interviewed : Deng

- The person I interviewed is Deng, he was born in south Sudan and moved to Canada at the age of 20 with his younger brother Majok. As Deng explained to me, that they lost both of their parents in the conflict that have been happening in Sudan. I asked Deng how he describe himself. He told me told me that, he is a very happy person and strong in every way, and tries to wear smile on his face every day. Deng told me that he have lived in Canada for the last 3 years. I asked Deng, since he have been in Canada for last 3 years, if still practice his culture or not....   [tags: Marriage, The Culture, Woman, Gesture]

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Mao Zedong And Its Impact On China

- ... This created a cycle of business and investing, and soon China 's economy reached unprecedented levels. In 1971 there was a 19% growth in exports, while in 1981 that number had increased to 31.2%. It is clear that under Deng’s rule in the 80s, the country experienced an economic upturn which can be accredited to increased foreign trade due to these special economic zones. Deng also found other ways to improve China’s economy. Mao had seized control of companies in China, dictating their business plan as part of municipalization....   [tags: People's Republic of China, Mao Zedong]

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The Chinese Capitalist

- ... Deng was forced to flee. After leaving the army of Feng Yuxiang, he found himself in the city of Wuhan, an area where the Communists had their headquarters. It is at that time he began using the nickname "Xiaoping" and began rising through the ranks of the Communist Party. Also In Wuhan, Deng first established contact with relatively unvalued Mao Zedong. From 1927 to 1929, Deng lived in Shanghai. Here, he aided protests that would be strictly suppressed by the KMT. At this time, Deng moved quickly up the ranks partly as a result of many militant Communist deaths....   [tags: political power, economic failure]

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The Impact of China's One-Child Policy

- The Chinese population has been growing since the beginning of Chinese civilization, but never as rapidly as when the People’s Republic of China was formed. Mao Zedong believed that expanding the population would lead to a spur in economic growth. The People’s Republic of China provided improved sanitation and medicine, which helped facilitate the growth of the Chinese population. The encouragement of population growth was soon ended after both the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution because China was unable to support such a large expansion of the population....   [tags: China's One-Child Policy]

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China’s Economic and Political Power

- During the 20th century, the world believed that the renowned cities of the United States would provide modern spectacles emanating with futuristic qualities. However, within the past decade, the influence of China has creeped into the party of global dominance, establishing their footing on an international scale at a significantly alarming rate. In China, you can now experience the tallest skyscrapers, the newest airports, the fastest highways, and the best electricity grids in modern technology (Roasa)....   [tags: China, economy, politics, expansion, growth]

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Economic Developments Of China And South Korea

- Two of some of the strongest economic nations in Eastern Asia today, China and South Korea, have both undergone tremendous economic development since the 1950s to become what they are today. The key factors of this transformation have been authoritarian leaders and government who were strong in boosting the economy, but often in controversial ways that were quite undemocratic. The foremost authoritarian leaders in China were Mao Zedong, Den Xiaoping, Hu Jintao, and Wen Jiabao, while in Korea were mainly Park Chung-hee....   [tags: People's Republic of China, Mao Zedong]

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Taiwan, Taipei: Why Does the Chinese Communist Party Place so Much Emphasis on Naming the Island?

- Taiwan, Taipei: why does the Chinese Communist Party place so much emphasis on naming the island. To attempt to answer this question, first the origin of the conflict has to be analyzed. Beginning in the 1940’s, the CCP’s victory over the Kuomintang symbolized the beginning of cross-strait issues. However, it wasn’t until 1992 when George Bush Senior decided to announce that the United States would sell D-15 fighter jets to Taiwan. This action caused cross-strait tensions to reach an all time low between Taiwan, China, and the United States....   [tags: successful island nations, international relations]

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Mao vs. Deng

- Mao vs. Deng China's transition from the leadership under the iron fist of Mao Zedong to the more liberal Deng Xiao Ping gave the People's Republic a gradual increase in economic freedom while maintaining political stability. During Mao's regime, the country focused on bolstering and serving the community, while subsequently encumbering individual growth and prosperity. Deng advocated a more capitalist economic ideology, which established China as an economic force in the global community while endowing its citizens with more liberties and luxuries than previously granted....   [tags: Papers]

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Mao 's Communist Revolution : An Era Of Significant Change

- ... This destabilised the economy as China lacked its necessary natural resources and as the population grew, food supplies did not match the increase. As a result, Mao did not achieve his goal to the full extent of increasing agriculture and industrialisation as problems arose. However, learning from the outcome of Mao’s goals, succeeding leaders such as Deng Xiaoping put ‘recovery’ measures into place such as family farming, private markets and incentives such as industry financial rewards. These had been previously banned by The Land Reform Act of 1950 that imposed state-controlled wealth and land, but they began to lead an increase in food supplies, and agricultural and industrial output...   [tags: Communism, Marxism, People's Republic of China]

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Similarities Between China And Japan

- Since the mid-Twentieth century (from 1945 through recent decades), both China and Japan have evolved into major economic powers in the global community. Please compare and contrast these two nations’ paths to economic success/influence. Also, to conclude, you may compare and contrast their challenges/ advantages in the contemporary era.    In the mid-twentieth century China and Japan has changed into major economic powers. China and Japan had multiple of parallels between them about their nations’ paths, and economy....   [tags: Mao Zedong, People's Republic of China]

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Chinese Religion: Tolerating Religious Freedom Under Modernization

- B. DENG Xiaoping (1982-1987): Tolerating Religious Freedom Under Modernization After the death of Mao, Deng Xiaoping bought an end to class struggle and mass movement but adopted pragmatic governance to modernization and economic development. He realized China had eroded into a poverty-stricken society and stagnated economy as he acknowledged, “In a country as big and as poor as ours, if we don't try to increase production, how can we survive. How is socialism superior, when our people have so many difficulties in their lives?” In face of the urgent need to revive eroded public confidence, Deng adopted a more liberal and subtle version of religious freedom policy to unite people from al...   [tags: religious freedom, non-communists]

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Buddhism and Ecotourism

- Following Mao Zedong’s Communist forces victory over the Kuomintang forces of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, “Mao declared the founding of the People’s Republic of China on October 1, 1949.” (History of PRC) This marked the beginning of the socialist transformation under Mao’s rule in which he planned to unify China and raise the standard of living through the development of China’s infrastructure, industry, healthcare, and education. Mao’s two main campaigns during his time in power were the Great Leap Forward and Cultural Revolution....   [tags: Negative Capitalist Impacts, Recovery, China]

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Lack of Rule of Law in China

- Aristotle once stated, “The rule of law is better than that of any individual.” The essential characteristics of rule of law are: the supremacy of law, meaning both the government and individuals are subject to the law; a concept of justice that emphasizes interpersonal adjudication, based on importance of standards and procedures; restrictions on discretionary power and exercise of legislative power by the executive; independent judiciary, judicial precedent and common law methodology; prospective, not retrospective legislation; and underlying moral basis for law....   [tags: International Law]

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Is China A Totalitarian Political Regime?

- ... This was because the government redistributed all of the agrarian food all over the country, and as a result there was not enough food to go around. Private farming became prohibited and large scale government farming took place. This period was known as the Great Chinese Famine. The period lasted 3 years, from 1958 to 1961 which the Communist party named the “Three Years of Natural Disaster” (Dikötter). Not long after Zedong stepped down, a new face emerged to take control of China. Deng Xiaoping was not the man Zedong chose to follow him....   [tags: Mao Zedong, People's Republic of China]

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Analysis Of Athabasca University And The Open University Of China

- ... The missions and populations served of Athabasca University and the OUC are distinct. According to Davis (20010), “The mission of Athabasca University is to make a university education more accessible and to focus on excellence in teaching and research” (p. 3). Like other distance education programs they strive to remove barriers for those who cannot otherwise access education. They offer a range of university degrees. They offer undergraduate and graduate degrees and more recently added a doctorate program (Fahlman, 2009)....   [tags: Education, Higher education, Distance education]

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History and Culture of the People’s Republic of China

- The People’s Republic of China is a country with one of the richest cultural backgrounds and the largest population in the world with 1,338,612,968 people. It holds “1/5 of the world’s population” (Banister 2). Located in eastern Asia, it is the fourth largest country with a total area of 9,596,960 sq km and the second largest electricity consumer and exporter after the U.S. The vast amount of natural resources make China one of the leading manufacturers of the worlds products from raw materials such as steel and iron to finished goods as toys, various machinery, textiles and electronics....   [tags: Chinese Culture, ]

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Business in China: History, Culture, and Influence

- 1. What role does cultural heritage play in China’s view of business. China’s view on business can be linked to its three general areas of religious beliefs: Confucianism, Taoism, and Buddhism. A brief description and there relationship to business practices are discussed below. Confucianism is a Chinese ethical and philosophical system developed from the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius (Shubro). The core being humanism, is believing that human beings are “teachable, improvable and perfectible through personal and communal endeavor especially including self-cultivation and self-creation.” ("Confucianism,") Confucianism emphasizes the importance of the family, reverence for e...   [tags: chinese religious belief, confucianism, taoism]

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The Impact of China’s One Child Policy

- China’s One Child Policy is still a current issue today. Before the policy was created, Mao Tse Dong, was China’s communist leader, who believed in planned births. He wanted the country to go by the slogan “later, longer, fewer.” This encouraged families to have fewer children, to space the births out longer, and to have them at a later age in life (Nadia 295). He believed that once people’s education increased so would the practice of birth control. This would help lower fertility rate and could bring some people out of poverty....   [tags: population control, Mao Tse Dong]

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China 's Growth Rate Of Steady State

- Introduction Krugman (1994) summarizes two sources of growth that help to expand the national economy. They are the increasing inputs and increasing output per unit of input. Because of the diminishing return to capital, increasing inputs can only increase the output level in the long run. Therefore, increasing inputs, such as increasing employment opportunities, increasing the education level of workers, and increasing the stocks of physical capitals, is not sustainable in the long run. On the other hand, increasing the knowledge, which belongs to the increasing outputs per unit of input, increases the output growth rate in the long run....   [tags: Economics, Macroeconomics, Economic growth]

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China’s Outward Foreign Direct Investment

-   Table of Contents Foreword 1 History of China’s Outward FDI 1 Changes in Policy and its Effects on OFDI 1 Stage 1: “Cautious internationalization” (1979-1985). 2 Stage 2: “Government encouragement” (1986-1991). 2 Stage 3: “Expansion and regulation” (1992-1998). 2 Stage 4: “Implementation of the 'go global' policy” (1999-2001) 2 Stage 5: Post-WTO period (2001- present) 2 Exhibit #1 3 Geographical and Sectoral Distribution of Chinese OFDI 3 Investing Actors 4 China’s influence in Central Asia 4 President’s visit 4 The economic dimension 5 China gathers up Central Asian gas, and reverses the directions of oil export 5 China – Africa Relationship 7 The Development Path of China’s OFDI to Afric...   [tags: FDI]

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Democracy Movements in China

- Democracy Movements in China Democracy Movements in China Democracy Wall In 1978, stimulated by the opening of China to the West and also by the "reversal of verdicts" against the 1976 Tiananmen protesters (These demonstrations against the gang of four had been condemned as counter-revolutionary at the time but were now declared a revolutionary act), thousands of Chinese began to put their thoughts into words, their words onto paper and their paper onto walls to be read by passers by. The most famous focus of these displays became a stretch of blank wall just to the west of the former forbidden city in Beijing, part of which was now a museum and park and part the cluster of residences for...   [tags: Papers]

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China's Survival of Crisis Due to Economic Reforms

- China's Survival of Crisis Due to Economic Reforms In the years before 1976, many unwise policies were carried out which brought China into a crisis of communism, or a state in which communism was threatened. The Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution were specifically the main causes of the crisis of communism and the mastermind between these two movements, Mao Zedong, can be held responsible for their initiation. The Great Leap Forward was a great economic failure....   [tags: Papers]

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Agriculture in China

- A. Plan of Investigation The investigation will attempt to answer the question, “To what extent did Chinese agricultural reforms between 1978 and 1982 enable the success of the four modernizations?” Research will primarily be gathered on the nature of these reforms, how they compared to the agriculture policy of Mao during the Great Leap Forward and how Deng’s reforms enabled the possibility of economic growth and reform in the private sectors of China. Primary source such as official statistics of agricultural production kept in villages will be analyzed to determine the impact of overall government policy in villages and other agricultural centers....   [tags: agricultural reform, China, investigation]

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America's Open Door Policy

- ... It felt debilitated by different powers' much bigger ranges of prominence in China and stressed that it may lose access to the Chinese business sector ought to the nation be divided. As a reaction, William Woodville Rockhill detailed the Open Door Policy in intend to protecting American business chances and different hobbies in China. In September 6, 1899, U.s. Secretary of State John Hay sent notes to the significant forces, such as France, Germany, Britain, Italy, Japan, and Russia, requesting that them announce formally that they might maintain Chinese regional and managerial trustworthiness and might not meddle with the free utilization of the bargain ports inside their authoritative...   [tags: US international relations]

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Harmed or Harnessed? The Effects of Capitalism on China

- Since implementing capitalistic reforms in the 1970s, the gross domestic product of China has risen by an average of 9.5 percent each year. This growth is expected to continue at this breakneck pace, and China is estimated to overtake the United States as the world’s largest economy by 2026 (Ding 6). This influx in wealth has catalyzed advancements in Chinese technology, has enabled better access to education for millions of people, and has increased the overall standard of living for over a billion people....   [tags: Chinese economy after captitalistic reforms]

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The Causes of the Tiananmen Square Massacre

- The Causes of the Tiananmen Square Massacre I have been asked to look at the Tiananmen Square massacre and to find the long and short term causes for the unfateful event in which thousand of people were killed. The main political party in china was the Kuomintang this was a nationalist party who supported capitalism. In 1935 Mao Tse Tung became the chairman of the communist party. By 1946 conflict between the communists and the Kuomintang (the party that was ruling) turned into a full-scale civil war....   [tags: Papers]

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Developing Countries Developing Outside Of Capitalism

- Lastly, there are examples of countries that have not developed according to the model. Stages are skipped, countries start at different points of the model, and some develop in different phases all together. For example, Canada and Australia managed to achieve the stage of High Mass Consumption before they had reached Maturity (Gould,1972). Rostow 's model leaves out even the possibility of countries developing outside of Capitalism. Though most countries have chosen to develop according to western capitalist approaches, some developed on methods that were socialist, some even have begun shifting their policies to that of a more socialist country....   [tags: Socialism, Capitalism, Marxism, Communism]

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China's Population Control

- China, being a country that has all eyes on them have become one of the most prominent countries in the world recently. Development within the country has by far surpass the expectations of the people all around the world. Despite all that, China face some of the world’s biggest problems for instance overpopulation. The meaning of overpopulation is the excessive population of an area to the point of overcrowding, depletion of natural resources, or environmental deterioration. And with that, the one-child policy was introduced to control the population of People's Republic of China (PRC) or more commonly known as China....   [tags: Ethics ]

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Confucius in Modern China

- Every culture is composed of many philosophical ideologies that comprise the ever-changing nature of said nation. Many cultures do not have a monolithic, nor static nature; ideas such as Maoism, Daoism, Christianity, etc., challenge the preexisting notions that are part of a culture. Even though the Chinese government has established a strong strand against Confucianism, it is still a part of the Chinese culture in socio-political, economic, familial, and individual levels. Confucianism is still prevalent though business, education, the Confucian revival, the previous ties China had with Confucianism, and a return to old traditions as a default....   [tags: philosophical ideologies]

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Ti Yong Distinction

- With the Industrial Revolution and Age of Imperialism intensifying among Western nations in the 19th century, China faced an impending threat to its ancient cultural values. Pressured to adapt to the changing global environment but fearful of losing its traditional identity, China and its reform leaders have since attempted to incorporate a “ti-yong” distinction between utilizing Western function and preserving Chinese values, most notably in the Self-Strengthening movement beginning in 1860 and Deng Xiaopeng’s economic reforms of the 1980s....   [tags: China, modernization, Qing, Deng, economic reform]

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Universal Economic Networking And Its Effects On Nations

- ... This privet enterprise allowed Britain to remain at the forefront of the changing world. In essence, China may be entering into the leading edge of our world today. With the global expansion of the world and its resources being more attainable, by way of European travel to the Americas, political claim attested for economic increase throughout these bountiful new lands. Portugal, Spain, and even the British exploited these lands and its indigenous peoples for their own gain. Their imperious ways induced control over the local people....   [tags: Poverty, Africa, World population, Europe]

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Emotion of Death in A Mother in a Refugee Camp, Rember and Do not Go Gentle into that Good Night

- 10. Chinese Civil War after World War 2: Following World War II a Civil War broke out in China, between the Nationalists and Chiang's militia. The United States saw the Nationalists as the legitimate government in China, at which the United States aided the Nationalists in battles. The Chiang militia kept moving from capital to capital, and in 1949 they decided to flee the country into Taiwan, which they catches and declare the Republic of China, and the Nationalists proclaimed their region as the People's Republic of China....   [tags: attitudes, strong vocabulary, chinua achebe]

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The Role and Image of Accountants in the Globalized Era

- The Role and Image of Accountants in the Globalized Era Introduction As a partner of the Big Four firm Ernst and Young we have a goal of developing and expanding an already prominent area of service further. This particular service is Assurance. Assurance services can include; auditing both internal and external, Actuarial assurance, Corporate reporting, IFRS reporting and many more. Last year assurance, ‘our largest practice, delivered a positive year growing revenues by over 4% to US$10.9bn.’ (Ernst and Young, 2013)....   [tags: china, public accounting, auditing]

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The Pro-Democracy Movement of the 1980's

- The Pro-Democracy Movement of the 1980's Communism took over China soon after the second world war. Mao Zedong, the leader of the communist party who came from the country, remained paramount until his death on the 9th of September 1976. During his rule, he modified Marxist-Lenonism to suit China's population of peasants, and went through many "leaps" to try and revolutionise China's economy as he had done with the political system. But in the end, Millions of Chinese men, women and children died....   [tags: Papers]

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The War Of The Cold War

- 1.) In my opinion, it was the United States actions, both during and after WWII, that are responsible for the Cold War. Aside from minor territorial squabbles in the years shortly after the war, the Truman Doctrine in 1947 let the Soviets know that the U.S was ready to fight them if they tried to expand, while the U.S itself was expanding in Japan and Western Europe. Then, when the Soviets cut off Berlin in 1948, instead of asking them to open it up again, the U.S called their bluff and put them in the position of, “Go to war with us, or stop blocking Berlin.” And all of the aforementioned reasons are compounded by the fact that the U.S had bombs capable of wiping out entire cities that the...   [tags: Cold War, Communism, People's Republic of China]

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Mao Cultural Revolution

- A. Plan of Investigation In 1966, Mao mobilized the Chinese youth to initiate the “Cultural Revolution”, a violent process eliminating old Chinese culture, customs, thoughts and habits, purging “counter-revolutionary” party members, and heightening Mao’s personality cult. I will summarize evidence collected from textbooks, official documents, biographies and eyewitness reports about the events between 1959 and 1966. I will describe the failure of the Great Leap Forward, Mao’s resignation as president, his power struggle with Liu Shoaqi and Deng Xiaoping and the propagating of his personality cult....   [tags: Reasons Behind the Revolution]

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Communism : A Economic And Social System

- Communism is an - Economic and social (system) in which all (or nearly all) property and resources are collectively owned by a classless society and not by individual citizens. Communism is Based on the 1848 publication ‘Communist Manifesto’ by two German political philosophers, Karl Marx (1818 – 1883) and his close associate Friedrich Engels (1820-1895), it envisaged common ownership al land and capital and withering away of the coercive power of the state . Introduction An economic system must solve the main ‘economic problem’ of a scarcity of resources matching unlimited wants and how to allocate these resources....   [tags: Communism, People's Republic of China, Marxism]

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Adam Smith and Globalization: China’s Economic Evolution

- Globalization is not a new concept – trade, migration, market integration and capital flows have been practiced in various forms dating back centuries. China is at the epicenter of our globalized world and their success is attributed to the tenets of Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations. However, opponents of the globalization believe if Smith were alive today, he would be repulsed by our modern day international business strategies. The general consensus among dissenters of globalization is the misguided belief that capitalism at any level is missing the moral sentiment espoused by Smith’s philosophical viewpoints....   [tags: Globalization Essays]

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964 words | (2.8 pages) | Preview

Adam Smith and Globalization: China’s Economic Evolution

- Globalization is not a new concept – trade, migration, market integration and capital flows have been practiced in various forms dating back centuries. China is at the epicenter of our globalized world and their success is attributed to the tenets outlined in Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations. In the last fifteen China has become one of the fastest growing economies in the world, rapidly building a strong export and outsourcing industry. Opponents of the globalization believe if Smith were alive today, he would be repulsed by our modern day international business strategies....   [tags: exports, capitalism, trading]

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China’s Nuclear Force Modernization

- The sole reason for Chinese nuclear force was to deter a nuclear attack on China. The development of U.S. missile defense systems, however, has compelled China to take an offensive reaction to this and began to advance its nuclear force. Now, there are two main reasons why a U.S. missile defense system would influenced China’s nuclear force modernization. First, a U.S. missile defense system undermines China’s nuclear minimum deterrence. Second, China continues to view the United States as its main potential enemy because of U.S....   [tags: United States, missile defense system]

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Chinese Economic Reform

- Chinese Economic Reform Two years after the death of Mao Zedong in 1976, it became apparent to many of China's leaders that economic reform was necessary. During his tenure as China's premier, Mao had encouraged social movements such as the "Great Leap Forward" and the "Cultural Revolution" which had had as their bases ideas such as serving the people and maintaining the class struggle. By 1978, China’s leaders were searching for a solution to serious economic problems. Hua Guofeng, the man who had succeeded Mao Zedong as CCP (Chinese Communist Party) leader after Mao's death, had demonstrated a desire to continue the ideologically based movements of Mao....   [tags: Economics Economy China Essays]

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The Massacre at Tiananmen Square

- The Massacre at Tiananmen Square The protests in China during 1989 were for a good cause, but were ended in the worst possible way. Mao Zedong brought Communism into china with violence and even after his death, with a new leader, the violence continued. The Chinese Government made a huge mistake by using force to end a peaceful protest. “After the 1912 revolution, two groups began to compete for the leadership of China. One group, the Nationalists, was led by Chiang Kai-shek while Mao Zedong was the head of the second group, the Communists....   [tags: World History]

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