Schizophrenia is expressed by having abnormal mental functions and behavior that is of concern. There are two types of symptoms seen with those who have schizophrenia. One type is positive symptoms that are symptoms basically of the mind; they include hallucinations that are false perceptions, delusions that are false beliefs, and thought disorganization where there is difficulty in thinking and therefore speech is impaired. On the other hand, negative symptoms are when the individual feels no motivation to do anything and a loss of emotions (Lewis & Lieberman, 2000). The symptoms associated with negative symptoms are instable cognitive functions which alter attention, executive functions, and types of memory (especially working memory), on top of those symptoms, patients also report mood disturbances such as anxiety and depression that may play a role in the high suicidality rate among schizophrenic individuals (Lewis & Lieberman, 2000). Most people develop schizophrenia between ages 21 and 22, although by age 19, 49% of males and 28% of females have already developed it, known as early onset schizophrenia (Armenteros & Davies, 2006). While there is a form of schizophrenia in individuals younger than 13 years of age, known as very-early onset schizophrenia, this only affects 0.5% (Masi & Liboni, 2011). There is currently concern over whether treatments such as antipsychotics are safe in these younger patients. It is important to understand what kind of treatment will provide the best outcome for a child with schizophrenia. This paper will cover history, diagnosis, prognosis, course, treatment, family influence, and controversies as well as misconceptions surrounding schizophrenia in child...
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...re before they relapse; group therapy which provides individuals with exercises to control their emotions, manage their anger and internal dialogue, role play to find substitutions in predicaments, and problem solve; social skills training which centers around socializing and improving communication; family therapy which supports and teaches those families dealing with schizophrenia; and vocational rehabilitation and supported employment which helps people with schizophrenia prepare for, find and keep jobs. (Masi & Liboni, 2011; “Schizophrenia”, 2014). Family interventions and cognitive behavioral therapy was proven to reduce relapse rates, as well as CBT reducing symptoms and time of hospitalizations (Stafford et al., 2015). If given the proper treatment, findings suggest individuals who suffer from schizophrenia can maintain a normal life. (“Schizophrenia”, 2014).
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