The Early Onset of Autism As previously discussed, the onset of infantile autism is characterized by a set of classic symptoms common to nearly all autistic children. Most often, it is not the physician who notices these symptoms, but rather the respo... ... middle of paper ... ...ection has lead to autism. There is a substantial amount of evidence that also points to a genetic origin of autism. Studies with monozygotic twins suggest that autism, or at least an autistic-like disorder, is inherited. There is also strong evidence of the Fragile X Syndrome as being extremely associated with infantile autism.
However, paradoxically, the child in such a state has little awareness of being a 'self'. (Tustin, 1972, p. 1) Children and adults with autism normally have problems in verbal and non-verbal contact, social communications, and leisure or play activities. Autism is one of five disorders coming under the umbrella of Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD), a category of neurological disorders characterized by "severe and pervasive impairment in several areas of development," including social interaction and communications skills (DMS-IV-TR). The five disorders under PDD are Autistic Disorder, Asperger's Disorder, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD), Rett's Disorder, and PDD-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS). Autism is a spectrum disorder.
Most Autistic children have different abilities and task they can and can not do, It is important to raise awareness for children with Autism. Most people do not realize how many children are diagnosed with Autism. Autistic children are not always the same, there are children diagnosed with different types of Autism. According to Autism Speaks, “Autism appears to have its roots in very early brain development. However, the most obvious signs of autism and symptoms of autism tend to emerge between 2 and 3 years of age” (“What Is Autism”).
They are communication, social interaction, sensory impairment, play and behavior. Every person with autism has a unique personality and combination of characteristics. Some autistic people mildly affected may exhibit only slight delays in language and communication and greater challenges with social interactions. The abilities of an autistic child may fluctuate from day to day due to difficulties in processing, concentration or anxiety. They may show evidence of learning one day, but not the next.
“Autism is not just one disorder, but a spectrum of closely related disorders with a shared core of symptoms” (Help guide 2013). Though it may vary in each person, autism effects the emotional, empathy, communication, flexible behavior and social skills. Autism also varies on the level of disability from one person to another, one child may show severe signs while the other you barely notice have this disorder. Sign and symptoms of autism are often ignored and passed off as a slight delay, and believe the child will grow out of it. When a child is seeming to lack socialization skills, not able to communicate, or show strange repetitive behavior continuously; the child should be tested.
Autism is actually called Autism Spectrum Disorder and encompasses a broad range disabilities such as Asperger syndrome, Rett’s Syndrome, and Pervavasive Development Disorder (Dunlap & Fox, n.d.). There are also varying degrees of the disorder from low-functioning (no communication and no social interaction) to high-functioning (some communication and inappropriate but existent social skills.) One of the most difficult things teachers will face when dealing with Autistic children is their lack of communication skills and inappropriate or nonexistent social skills. In addition to academic instruction children with Autism require instruction in communication techniques and social skills. Kamps et.al.
When people hear the word autism, they think of someone with mental disabilities. Psychology Concepts describes autism as a “complex and poorly understood disorder.” (541) According to the National Institute of Mental Health, autism is defined as “a group of developmental brain disorders, collectively called autism spectrum disorder (ASD)”. There are five different disorders in the spectrum, which include autistic disorder, Asperger’s disorder, pervasive developmental disorder (not otherwise specified), Rett’s disorder, and childhood disintegrative disorder. Many people do not know there are various disorders that are considered a form of autism. Autistic disorder is also known as classic autism and is what is commonly thought of when people hear the word autism.
Autism, also known as autism spectrum disorder is a developmental disability that causes problems with an individual’s social skills and communication. There are different levels of autism. Levels of autism can be low, mild or severe, and is different in every individual. Individuals diagnosed with autism may have struggles with communication, social skill and expressing their feeling. Although there is no cure for autism, there are intervention and alternative and augmentative technologies, which can be provided for the individual in need.
This disability is described that the individual will have significant challenges in social functioning but will not have delays in development of language or intellectual functions. There are six distinct characteristics for Autism, they are the following: Repetitive behavior, atypical language development, atypical social development, problem behavior, differences in intellectual functioning, and sensory disorders. Children with Autism have many different language abilities that range from no verbal communication to a very complex communication. Half of the students that have Autism do not develop the communication skills needed to be sufficient in today’s society of expectations. These students will have a speech barrier when trying to communi... ... middle of paper ... ...ead on hard surfaces, or using objects to hurt themselves.
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Autism are terms used to describe a complex developmental disorder in the brain. These disorders are characterized by difficulties in social interaction, verbal, and nonverbal communication and repetitive behaviors. Over the past few years, all autism disorders were merged into one umbrella diagnosis of ASD. Previously, they were recognized as distinct subtypes, including autistic disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder, pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS) and Asperger syndrome). Individuals with the disorder look physically similar to typical people, however their brains function differently.