People generally relate war to long lines of men in uniform, holding guns, marching alongside tanks and other types of armored vehicles. The image of manslaughter, mass murder and death sprawl across the thoughts of families at home, waiting for their husbands and wives, fathers and mothers, sons and daughters to finally be finished their tour and come home. However what people commonly misunderstand is that there is a growing population of youth militia being used in modern guerilla military.
The United Nations defines a child soldier as “any person under 18 years of age who is part of any kind of regular or irregular armed force or armed group [acting] in any capacity, including but not limited to cooks, porters, messengers and anyone accompanying such groups.” The current estimate says there are currently 300,000 child soldiers worldwide. The use of child soldiers becomes especially problematic when children are abducted or coerced into joining government, paramilitary or rebel forces, as happens in many third world and developing countries. Children are easy to recruit because of their vulnerability, but are often neglected once the conflict is over or when they leave the group. International groups have advocated for the rehabilitation of child soldiers, but children are often overlooked during official implementation.
Definition of Key Terms:
Child Soldier - Any person under 18 years of age who is part of any kind of regular or irregular armed force or armed group [acting] in any capacity.
Rehabilitation - the restoration of someone to a useful place in society.
Conflict – open clash between two opposing groups (or individuals).
Guerilla – a member of a regular armed force the fights a stronger ...
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...d Trade in Boy Soldiers Continues | Human Rights Watch. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Jan. 2014.
• "Military Use of Children." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 15 Jan. 2014. Web. 15 Jan. 2014.
• "Recent Developments in International Rehabilitation of Child Soldiers." Youth Advocate Program International. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Jan. 2014.
• Smith, David. "Kony 2012 Puts Child Soldiers Back under the Spotlight." Theguardian.com. Guardian News and Media, 16 Mar. 2012. Web. 16 Jan. 2014.
• "WordNet Search - 3.1." WordNet Search - 3.1. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Jan. 2014.
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