Rebuilding The Society After World War II

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Once WWI finally came to an end, German Democratic Republic’s goal was to create a high demand for labor due to the destruction caused by war. The society had to be rebuilt since it was buried under an extremely large debt to the Soviet Union. East Germany’s culture was heavily influenced by communism and particularly Stalinism. It not only intensified the economic and political competition against its West German counterparts, but it resulted in German Democratic Republic’s repressive nature to the point where German Democratic Republic citizens made many attempts to escape what was essentially a dictatorship. Yet, surprisingly the numbers of fertility rates in German Democratic Republic were higher than of West Germany before unification. Politically East Germany was controlled by the Soviet Union and West Germany was aided by the Democratic West and the United States, which meant that the two countries had to have developed separate governments that were influenced by different ideologies. The communist leaders of East Germany wanted to build a system that emphasized a sense of responsibility and obligation to the collective society and also a strong moral obedience to the socialist goals. Therefore, polices that were created to reinforce socialist beliefs also impacted the numbers of birth rates, regardless of marital status. As a result, the relationship between social, economical, political policies and the lives of women played a key role for either increasing or decreasing in fertility. Unlike West Germany, the Communists were in desperate need of women in the labor force, which is why there was an unusual strong emphasis on the importance of women’s employment. There was a lot at stake, for instance, reparation for the S... ... middle of paper ... ...d Fertility in Eastern Germany,” Journal of Marriage and Family (1997): 44. Monika Maron, “Letzter Zugriff auf die Frau” [“Final Charge on Women”], in Monika Maron, “Nach Maßgabe meiner Befreiungskraft: Artikel und Essays.” © S. Fischer Verlag GmbH, Frankfurt am Main, 1993, pp. 91-93. Translated by Allison Brown. Neues Deutschland, no. 227, September 28, 1950, pp. 1-3; reprinted in Dierk Hoffmann and Michael Schwartz, eds., Geschichte der Sozialpolitik in Deutschland seit 1945. Bd. 8: 1949-1961: Deutsche Demokratische Republik. Im Zeichen des Aufbaus des Sozialismus [History of Social Policy in Germany since 1945, Vol. 8: 1949-1961: German Democratic Republic. Under the Sign of the Build Up of Socialism]. Baden-Baden: Nomos, 2004, no. 8/42. Translated by Thomas Dunlap.
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