Over eight decades ago, there has been many views on methods of instruction to teach the skills in supporting the initial reading development. According to Martorana (1996, para.8) the phonics dispute dated back to 1930s, and the ‘look and say’ approach became a typical method to teach reading. For instance, reading the actual books such as Dick and Jane books for early readers to teach the process of reading and writing. Similarly, this method of reading children’s stories based on popular authors is consistently found in the Savage (2007, P. 133, para.3). Martorana (1996, para.11) added that Dr Alvin Kravitz from department of special education and reading in Brookville ...
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...e proven in collecting background evidence and data not only to provide information about the student’s current reading methods, it helps teachers to plan classroom programs, (Bayetto, 2009, p. 17).
On the whole early reading acquisition begins with letter sound knowledge and phoneme awareness. Various studies examine each of the teaching approaches in synthetic to explicit phonics, and analytic phonics to whole word instruction. The synthetic phonics approach involves teaching letter to sound correlations the then the sounds are blended to stress into words. Whereas, the analytic phonics approach has been taught to children of a sight word before breaking down to its constituent sounds. Overall, most teachers use several strategies to teach early literacy involving speaking, vocabulary, grammar, reading fluency, comprehension and the literacies of new technologies.
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