Quality Of Water For The Coast Of Kasaragod District, North Kerala Essay

Quality Of Water For The Coast Of Kasaragod District, North Kerala Essay

Length: 730 words (2.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The study was carried out to estimate the groundwater quality along the coast of Kasaragod district, north Kerala. Totally forty five water samples were collected during month April 2016 to July 2016. The quality was determined based on the physicochemical parameters such as pH, EC, Salinity, Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), Total Hardness (TH), Calcium (Ca2+), Magnesium (Mg2+) and Total Alkalinity (TA). The Physico-chemical parameters were analyzed by using APHA and WHO standard procedure. The results were compared with standards prescribed by IS 10500 (2012) and WHO (2006). The current study indicate that quality of water varies from hard to soft during pre monsoon to monsoon seasons therefor in pre monsoon, many locations were crossed the permissible limit. Whereas majority of the groundwater samples along the coast indicate suitable for drinking purpose.
Introduction
From the time of human history, majority of the human settlements were along the coastal and river sides due to the available of water supplies.1 Globally, Groundwater is estimated to give about 50% present drinking water supplies. Although saltwater intrusion along the coastal region affecting a serious problem for freshwater aquifer.2 The occurrence of saline water intrusion is extensive and represent a special category of ground water pollution (Atkinson et al.,1986). Based on the seasonal geochemical and resistivity variations are useful for determine groundwater quality. 3 In coastal aquifers, Excessive pumping of groundwater and other human activities that reduce groundwater level and fresh water flow (Reilly and Goodman 1987).4 There are many planning’s and management of coastal aquifer is based on understanding of saline intrusion into the coastal aquifer. I...


... middle of paper ...


... of Kasaragod district were selected ( Fig.1). Sample locations were fixed with the help of Global positioning system (GPS).7 Every year, the district receives an average of 3500mm rainfall. Annually 85.3% of the total rainfall based on south west monsoon from June to September (Soman; Krishnakumar, 1990; CGWB, 2013).
Methodology
Totally forty five water samples were collected from shallow open wells in coastal region along the Kasaragod district, northern Kerala. Water samples were covered 87km along the coast during pre monsoon (April 2016) and monsoon period (July 2016). In situ measurements like pH, EC, TDS, Temperature, and salinity were measured in the field using multi parameter instrument (Hanna- HI 98195).Based on the titration method, ionic contents (Total hardness, Total Alkalinity, Mg2+, Ca2+) of water samples were determined in the laboratory( APHA….).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Understanding the State of Kerala in India

- 1.What is development. We live in a world where concepts like human rights and political liberty are part of the day-to-day language yet we also live in a world were deprivation, destitution, and oppression taunt human existence every day. Existence of problems such as hunger, persistent poverty, and violation of basic human rights are undeniably a shame to human life and civilization. The main function of economic development is to overcome these problems. However, different economists approach development in different ways....   [tags: development potential]

Better Essays
2546 words (7.3 pages)

The United States Coast Guard and National Defense Essay

- The Coast Guard (CG) is the nation’s smallest armed service and most misunderstood armed service. Most Americans know the Coast Guard is the nation’s premiere lifesaving service. Some may even know that the Coast Guard is the nation’s oldest continuing sea going service. While the Coast Guard falls under the UCMJ just like the other four branches, and often works side by side with them especially the Navy; The Coast Guard is usually trained for a very different mission than their DOD counterparts in times of peace....   [tags: Missions of United States Coast Guard]

Better Essays
2948 words (8.4 pages)

Use of destructive gear in the North-coast of Honduras Essay

- 1.1 Introduction Managing artisanal fisheries is crucial for achieving sustainable fisheries. According to Jacket and Pauly (2008) artisanal fisheries around the world are much more efficient than commercial fisheries, provide higher social benefits and fewer disturbances on marine ecosystems. Yet, artisanal fisheries have led to a significant impact on marine ecosystems. The rising coastal populations, the growing fishing effort and the use of destructive fishing gear are affecting marine ecosystems....   [tags: Honduras]

Better Essays
1699 words (4.9 pages)

The North Korean North Korea Essay

- There is always someone out there who has it worse. In this case, North Koreans live difficult lives. Everyday is a struggle in North Korea because they have scarce resources and live under strict government rules. Food, especially, is hard to obtain in North Korea, and the people are not fed as well as their military. North Korea is an isolated country and not many foreign people understand what goes on inside of the North Korean borders. The problem that North Korea faces is a serious problem because they are starved by the government purposefully....   [tags: North Korea, South Korea, Kim Il-sung]

Better Essays
1238 words (3.5 pages)

Land Use in the District of North Vancouver Essay

- Introduction Land use in the district of North Vancouver has been a very sensitive issue for many years. In this area, population growth has been substantial, especially because of the area's popular outdoor recreation opportunities. It is this relationship between population pressure and outdoor 'green zones'1 that is at the heart of the conflict in North Vancouver district. Residents are very passionate about, and emotionally attached to, the natural mountainous surroundings. Thus, when development plans were slated for Mountain Forest and Cove Forest, residents did not want development to take place in 'their forests.' The critical question is, how to incorporate influxes of people into...   [tags: Canada Environment Land Development]

Better Essays
2056 words (5.9 pages)

Analysis Of The Movie ' District 9 ' Essay

- ZHUOJUN LIU ENG-W350 NOV/29/2015 What is the metaphor of “District 9” The movie “District 9” was filmed in South Africa. In 1981, a spaceship unexpected accident to be a kay element to change the earth and mankind’s fate of further. Subsequently, bizarre aliens came to Earth, the Earth has been officially proclaimed as a universe of life itself unique day completely finished. Human have no idea aliens came to earth with what kind of purpose, human has a negative attitude for the arrived of aliens, and let them feel deeply fear....   [tags: South Africa, Racial segregation, District 9]

Better Essays
1601 words (4.6 pages)

School And District Background Information Essay examples

- Part 1: School and District Background Information The Conval School District became what it is today in 1988 (Appendix E). Conval has gone through a number of changes throughout the years. The region started with each town having individual schools representing kindergarten through high school. In approximately 1971 members of the Antrim school board explored whether to combine Antrim with the neighboring Hillsborough-Deering School District or the Peterborough School District. Members of the Antrim school board favored the Peterborough School district and eventually voted unanimously to consolidate with Peterborough....   [tags: High school, College, School district, School]

Better Essays
1173 words (3.4 pages)

Essay on Views of Heaven in From the Fifteenth District

- Views of Heaven in From the Fifteenth District Mavis Gallant presents us with a disconcerting view of death in the short story "From the Fifteenth District," where dying is not a salvation from the pains of life but where the dead are forced to suffer eternally. In this story, the author sets out three distinct cases of 'haunting,' except that these hauntings are reported by the dead about the living. Major E. Travella, killed during World War I, is angry that he is being exploited by the church and the public....   [tags: Fifteenth District]

Free Essays
955 words (2.7 pages)

Investigation in to Shoreline Management Plans Along the North Norfolk Coast

- Investigation in to Shoreline Management Plans Along the North Norfolk Coast In this investigation, I have been looking at Shoreline Management Plans and have visited and analysed many beaches along the North Norfolk Coast. (See Introduction). The coastal zone is a complex scene of many different and often interdependent natural processes. These need to be understood if effective management is to take place. That is why I studied a large number of different beaches so that I can compare the area and their Shoreline Management Plans....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
788 words (2.3 pages)

The Coast Essay

- I stood alone on the washed, sandy, forlorn beach, as a rain squall was whipped out to sea by a cold, unfriendly nor’easter. In the short time the storm vented its fury on the east coast, it tallied property damage in the millions and claimed at least one life, a motorist who got out of his car to lift a severed power line off the roadway—a young father whose wife gave birth to twins only a week before. It was autumn and the day had been dreary since daylight, but the waning hours before night showed signs of color as swiftly moving clouds exposed patches of blue, orange and red....   [tags: Creative Writing Essays]

Better Essays
1311 words (3.7 pages)