Psychology : Humanistic Psychology And Its Interactions Between Psychoanalytical And Behavioristic Psychologist

Psychology : Humanistic Psychology And Its Interactions Between Psychoanalytical And Behavioristic Psychologist

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The history of psychology dates back to the times of the ancient Greeks, and Chinese philosophers 4,000 years ago. During this time span numerous thinkers had strived to answer the riddle of the human mind. This paper will focus on the development of Humanistic Psychology primarily from the 1950’s to the present day. Humanistic Psychology had played an important role in the shaping of todays clinical applications for mental health. Also known as the Third Force, humanistic approach had offered a unique explanation for describing and assessing human behavior, which ran contrary to both behaviorism and psychodynamic theory that was popular at the time. In congruence with the emphasize on internal development this paper will highlight the history of humanism/existentialism that lead to the formation of the humanistic psychology in the 1950’s. Afterwards I will focus on the internal development of humanistic psychology and its interactions between psychoanalytical and behavioristic psychologist and how the works of May, Maslow, and Rogers and company helped to form Humanistic Psychology.
So what exactly is humanism and how does relate to humanistic psychology? A common definition is focusing on human ability rather than divine or supernatural matter. Humanist beliefs stress the potential value and goodness of human beings emphasizes common human needs, and seek solely rational ways of solving human problems (Goble, 1970).
Another philosophy that is closely linked to humanism is existentialism. Existentialism is simply the approach that emphasizes the existence of individual person as a free and responsible agent determining their own development through acts of the will (Greening, 1971). It is important to state that humanism and exi...

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...her than some external force. The philosophy of free will and human kindness sprang up during the Enlightenment, combating with emprises trying to dismiss higher thought in humans trying to quantify their abilities. Behaviorist later negated human higher mental functioning as a mute point. While psychoanalytical theorists viewed human nature in a negative and deeply conflicted light. Humanistic psychology started by Maslow who opposed behaviorists and psychoanalysis emphasized that both schools tried to make the human as a whole a simple factor that could be measured. Both had negated the potential of humans and the inherently good nature they possess, humanistic psychology has taught us that humans are complex creatures and can never be fully understood. What is known for sure is that the inner core of the human is good and is capable of solving it’s own problems.

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