The humanistic approach places primary importance upon human interests, values, and most importantly the belief in human potentials (Schultz & Schultz, 2009, pp297). Augustine’s idea of knowledge and understanding confront human problems of thinking and behavior. Humanistic psychology is able to help address the complexity of happiness and love according to Augustine. Humanistic theories are growth oriented, optimistic, and positively subjective. A component of humanistic psychology is phenomenology which can be defined by stating a person’s only reality is what the person subjectively experiences (Schultz & Schultz, 2009, p.329).
It will examine how someone who believes in psychological egoism explains the apparent instances of altruism. And it will discuss some arguments in favor of universal ethical egoism, and exam Pojman's critque of arguments for and against universal ethical egoism. Psychological egoism, a descriptive claim about human nature, states that humans by nature are motivated only by self-interest. To act in one's self-interest is to act mainly for one's own good and loving what is one's own (i.e. ego, body, family, house, belongings in general).
Having two vastly different styles made each one of them not as strongly apparent in my personality. Instead of having solely authoritarian parenting, the authoritative parenting I was exposed to allowed me to grow mentally, socially, and emotionally. With this being said, I can also see how the authoritarian style impacted me. I sometimes struggle to make decisions for myself that should be effortless. Instead of being able to easily decide for myself, many times I look for an outward opinion, or an affirmation of my decision.
A further theory with relevance when comparing the two definitions regarding approaches to self-esteem is the previously mentioned humanistic approach favoured by Maslow. This is a more person-centered method of assessment and counselling. This suggests the individual is in control of the self and encourages them to see things in a grounded and accepting
Introduction to the Humanistic Approach Þ Each individual is unique Þ What matters is each person's subjective view not objective reality. Þ Reality is defined by the individual's perspective, which is based on their personal unique experiences of life. Þ Each individual strives to maximise their potential (self-actualisation) and should be responsible for their lives (free will). Þ Human nature is inherently good and self-righting History of the Humanistic Approach ================================== Þ Humanistic Psychology is derived from the wider principals of humanism. Þ Humanism is a shared belief in human worth and argues that subjectivity is truth (Kierkegaard).
1. Introduction Humanistic approach focuses on human existence, where people have unique qualities that include creativity, freewill or freedom, potential and personal growth. People like Carl Rogers who have brought about person-centred theory and Abraham Maslow who has developed a hierarchy of needs, where he emphasized on self-actualization. There is an evaluation on both Rogers and Maslow theories, on how they are based on their own assumptions and views, and I apply Maslow’s theory of self-actualization into my own personal life. 2.
Person-centered therapy is a humanistic approach which is based on how individuals perceive themselves while they are conscious and not on the counselor’s interpretation of their unconscious thoughts or ideas. The core purpose of the person-centered approach is to aid the client's actualizing tendency (self-actualization is the belief that humans will follow what is best for them). Thus, this therapy aids personal growth and relationships of an individual which enables them to explore and use their own strengths and personal identity. A person-centered counselor will facilitate this process and will provide vital support. Person-centered therapy began as a system in the 1950s by Carl Rogers who was an American psychologist.
Humanistic theory: The humanistic theory was proposed by Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers and it emphasizes on human’s potential in terms of growth and satisfaction. Humanists have introduced the concept of free will. Humanists believe that negative actions do not reduce the value of a human being as a person. In the humanistic view, people are responsible for their own lives and actions regardless if those actions are positive or negative, they also have the freedom to modify their personality, behavior and attitude. Our life depends on our choices; it is not preset by destiny.
Word Count: 703 In Nicomachean Ethics, one of Aristotle’s aims is to convince us that the good for humans is engaging in rational activity virtuously. It is important to note that, within the context of Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, acting virtuously is defined as acting on the intermediate or most reasonable option between extreme actions and feelings (class). Function is defined as being a characteristic work of the specific thing or being in question, such as human beings. Aristotle also accepts the idea that well-being (or happiness) is the ultimate good (1097b, 20). Aristotle begins outlining this view by arguing that the good for whatever thing that has a function, such as a flautist, depends on its “characteristic action” or function, so the same must be true for a human
One of the major beliefs of the humanistic thinkers is that change and growth cannot occur unless a choice is made by the individual to make a change and grow as a person. Another belief is that people are for the most part good; however, mental and social problems result from deviations of this natural tendency (Cherry n.d.). It is important to remember that self is a major and perhaps most important focus of humanistic psychology. The goal of humanistic thinkers was that in order for an individual to achieve the desired end result, it is important to the therapist to first understand the person as a whole, and for that person to understand themselves as a whole. The pioneers of humanistic psychology, Rogers, Maslow, May, Fromm, as well as many others, brought about a new school of psychology which subsequently lead to advances in the field of psychology as a whole.