Essay on Protein And Function Of Protein

Essay on Protein And Function Of Protein

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Life itself would be entirely impossible without proteins. There are so many types of protein and every protein has a unique job or function, some of these include giving shape and structure to cells, message carrier, enzyme promoters and some proteins even act as hormones, elastic fibers, and even antibodies (Albert al et., 2013,120). However, proteins obtain these functions due to the shape each protein adopts. There are four different levels a protein structure can adopt, these include primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary, these can be seen in figure 1. The primary structure allows the amino acids of a protein to fold into the other three structure so that the protein can carry out the function encoded in the amino acids (Albert al et.,2013). The secondary structure is where α helix and the β sheet folds form. These two types of folds form as a result of hydrogen bonding between groups in the polypeptide backbone, shown in figure 2 (Albert al et., 2013,130). The tertiary structure is where the secondary structure and any type of loop, coils and fold start to form in between the N- and C-bonds (Albert al et., 2013, 133). The quaternary structure is the final level of a protein and this structure is very complex. This structure has more than one polypeptide chain and not all proteins can possess this structure (Albert al et., 2013). These level of protein structure help determine the shape of protein and therefore the function each protein will undergo. This article will cover the basic information about the protein Ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase/ oxygenase or commonly known as RuBisCO.
Ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase is an enzyme found inside the chloroplast of plant cells as well as any other organism th...

... middle of paper ...

...into the cytosol. (Alberts al et.,2013, 476)

Figure 4
This figure shows the different arrangement of the quaternary structure of the enzymes Rubisco as well as the molecular symmetry the enzyme has. In this model, the large subunits are blue and green, small subunits are yellow, and the substrate mimic is the red spheres. A) Rubisco from spinach is viewed to have L2S2 units in form 1 and also has a twofold axis of symmetry. B) The L8S8 hexadecamer is shown along the same twofold axis and C) along the 4-fold axis. D) The form II of Rubisco from Rhodospirillum rubrum shows the twofold symmetry. E) And F) The L10 Rubisco from Thermococcus kodakaraensis is shown along the twofold and fivefold axes. In the active site displayed as the red spheres, sulphate ions are bounded. (Andersson and Backlund, 2008).

Figure 5
Synthesis of Rubisco (Portis and Parry, 2009).

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