Personality theories consists of several perspectives which are, the trait psychodynamic, humanistic, biological,behaviorist, evolutionary and social learning perspective: and each perspective thrives off the notions of free will and determinism. Free will is defined as the power of acting without the constraint of necessity or fate; the ability to act at one 's own discretion (cite).Determinism is defined as the doctrine that all events, including human action, are ultimately determined by causes external to the will(cite) The two ideals are on complete opposites of the personality spectrum. There are many theories who proves to be essential in determining personality and what it entails. Some of there agree on issues and some of them operate in many issues concerning free will and determinism and how it relates to personality theory. Two theorists who contribute to personality theory while having different views are William James and BF Skinner.
B F Skinner is a behaviorist whose theory revolved around was operant conditioning. Operating condition is the behavior is followed by a consequence, and the nature if that consequences modified the organism 's tendency to react the behavior in the future (Boeree, 2006) Skinner’s ideas can be best summed up by noting that human behavior results from one’s history of reinforcing consequences. He believed as many behaviorists do that psychology should focus on the things they can observe, such as the “ environment and our behavior in it” (Boeree, 2006). Skinner invented the operant conditioning chamber, known as the Skinner box, in which a pigeon or rat was placed. Animals were trained to respond to a primary reinforcer (food). Animals learned to push a lever in response to a ...
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...ill is not a fixed ration it is not something you can consult and deduce((Hunt, 1993)). He said free will is beyond science and is best left to metaphysics(Hunt, 1993)(). His psychology of will made it to main strain psychology and not they have other terms for it , such as ; “purposive behavior, intentionality, decision making , self control,self effect and so on” ((Hunt, 1993)). His notion of free will and determinism is what many psychology fall on today because if they cannot say that everything is due to behavior or everything i 'd not they agree with james that believe we can effect our own behavior preceded results. With james is is not so much as if free will is real or not , but believing in it he states , “ psychology will be psychology , whether free will is real or not”((Hunt, 1993)).James insisted that the belief in free will it what 's important.
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- Title 7 Personality theories consists of several perspectives which are, the trait psychodynamic, humanistic, biological,behaviorist, evolutionary and social learning perspective: and each perspective thrives off the notions of free will and determinism. Free will is defined as the power of acting without the constraint of necessity or fate; the ability to act at one 's own discretion (cite).Determinism is defined as the doctrine that all events, including human action, are ultimately determined by causes external to the will(cite) The two ideals are on complete opposites of the personality spectrum.... [tags: Reinforcement, Operant conditioning]
1874 words (5.4 pages)
- Theory Description Personality Theories originate from the awareness that astute, intellectual theorists perceive when observing, examining and evaluating their own mental state of mind. Although theories are tested through research; human characteristics have exhibited that they can be demonstrated to contain errors. The most recent knowledge of understanding personality theories derives from a combination of components such as research on reoccurrences, culture, psychobiology, learning, traits, and social psychology.... [tags: Alfred Adler, Psychology, Personality psychology]
1321 words (3.8 pages)
- When we are born, over time we grow up and develop a personality. For each person, our personalities differentiate between one another which presents a wide variety of individuals. According to psychology, there are different factors that make up who we are. Today, I will be talking about the four major theories of personality (Psychodynamic, five-factor model, humanistic, and social-cognitive). The first major theory of personality I will be talking about is the psychodynamic theory. Psychodynamics is an approach to psychology that emphasizes systematic study of the psychological forces that underlie human behavior, feelings, and emotions and how they might relate to early experience.... [tags: Personality psychology, Psychology, Trait theory]
950 words (2.7 pages)
- Paul Costa and Robert McCrae One of the major theories of personality is the trait theory. In trait theory, the measurement of traits gives insight into personality. A trait is a habitual pattern of behavior, thought and emotion. As the theory progressed many psychologists began to use five factors to categorize numerous traits. These researchers determined that these factors were fundamental dimension of personality (McCrae & John, 1990). Two such psychologists were Paul Costa and Robert McCrae and their version is very well known.... [tags: Big Five personality traits, Trait theory]
1066 words (3 pages)
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1423 words (4.1 pages)
- Introduction: What is Personality. Allport defines personality as ‘the dynamic organisation within the individual of those psychological systems that determine his unique adjustment to his environment’ (Allport, 1937). An individual’s unique personality traits and attributes are a powerful indicator of how he/she will interact with the work environment. The difference between average and outstanding employees can often be solely personality related. As the employee is the most valuable asset to the company, ‘selecting the right employee during the process is critical’ (Carbery and Cross, 2013, pp.... [tags: traditional theory, cognitive theory]
1730 words (4.9 pages)
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1887 words (5.4 pages)
- The ten most prominent traits that I believe best explain my personailty are practical, assertive, outgoing, emotional, relaxed, shrewd, tough-minded, conscientious, self-sufficient, and suspicious. I chose these from Cattell 's sixteen personality factors found in our textbook. I believe that this list strongly encompasses me as a person and could be a decent judge of my behovior or actions in certain situations. When given the same list and the same definition my boyfriend of four years, the person that I believe knows me the best, chose seven of the same traits I had.... [tags: Psychology, Personality psychology, Theory]
1121 words (3.2 pages)
- Attraction Theory Attraction theory essentially posits that people are more likely to be attracted to those who have similarities to themselves, on the other hand, there are some who attract the opposite personality to theirs. Key concepts of this theory are that it is typified by various characteristics that a person has, as well as components of their personality and overall being. They may have similarities such as” hones/ethical” or their appearance is attractive to the person. (DeVito 2016) Another, is personality traits as self-esteem, shyness and optimism are likely to be shared and exhibited between people who have some form of relationship between them.... [tags: Sociology, Communication, Personality psychology]
1278 words (3.7 pages)
- The multi-causal model of drug abuse takes into account social and individual causes of addiction, both distant and immediate, that lead to a disposition to using drugs, drug use and the social and individual consequences. Why a person becomes addicted to drugs or alcohol is different for everyone. Some are genetically predisposed, some learn it from their environment (i.e. family or friends), and still others use it to avoid a trauma they have experienced. The case history describes a client that had both social and individual causes for her alcohol use and subsequent dependence.... [tags: alcohol, personality theories]
955 words (2.7 pages)
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