Organ transplantation saves thousands of lives every year, and is arguably one of the most significant medical innovations of the past century. However the demand for organs far outweighs that of the supply, with many people not being able to receive the life saving organs they need. That is where Xenotransplants come in; Xenotransplantation involves the transplantation of nonhuman tissues or organs into human recipients. This essay will look at whether Xenotransplantation should be allowed by exploring the positive and negative aspects of the procedure. Being a very controversial form of organ donation, there is many supporting and refuting arguments for Xenotransplantation. Supporting arguments for this procedure are that it makes organs readily available when people need them, as well as minimizing the time people have to wait for an organ suited to their problem. However, there are also some negatives to the procedure, such as, the increased risk of rejection once the transplant is complete, as well as the increased chance of disease transmission across species.
The idea of Xenotransplants has been around for a long time, however, due to the lack of scientific advancement in certain fields, problems occurred with the early trialing, which caused it to be abandoned as a possible option. Interest reemerged in Xenotransplants during the 1960’s with advances in immunology and other scientific areas, which helped to discover and resolve many of the problems that had occurred with the first trials. One of the major problems with Xenotransplants was deciding which animals organs were the closest match to humans, allowing for the interspecies transplants to take place. Chimpanzees were largely thought to be the best nonhuman...
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... (2014). Xenotransplantation Pros and Cons. [online] Buzzle. Available at: http://www.buzzle.com/articles/xenotransplantation-pros-and-cons.html [Accessed 28 Apr. 2014].
Emedicine.medscape.com, (2014). Medscape: Medscape Access. [online] Available at: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/432418-overview#aw2aab6b4 [Accessed 28 Apr. 2014].
Debate.yukozimo.com, (2014). Pros & Cons of Xenotransplantation. [online] Available at: http://debate.yukozimo.com/pros-and-cons-of-xenotransplantation/ [Accessed 28 Apr. 2014].
Stanford.edu, (2014). Xenotransplants. [online] Available at: http://www.stanford.edu/dept/HPS/transplant/html/frequently_asked_questions.html [Accessed 28 Apr. 2014].
Nelsonerlick.com, (2014). Nelson Erlick :: Author's Official Site. [online] Available at: http://www.nelsonerlick.com/html/xeno_fact_sheet.html [Accessed 28 Apr. 2014].
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