Second, Dolly, the first cloned mammal, inspired many scientists to speculate a new era in cloning technology and raise hopes for future probability in which human cloning was possible. Finally, at the center of the controversy, surges the closest thing to a clone that lives a healthy and regular life, identical twins. The promise of cloning at any level can revolutionize the world, and change it for the better, but are we are not ready for human trials. The failure rate is overwhelming; we should master cloning animals with close to 100% success rate before starting human cloning trials.
Other than that, this also helps the biomedical researches to do their research on specific diseases that can be found in both human and animal by testing it on the clones first (Pros and Cons of Animal Cloning, 2014). This is beneficial towards the medical research on understanding disease and finding cures, vaccines and even preventions towards specific diseases tested. Animal cloning gives scientist inspiration to proceed with human cloning mainly because of the successful attempt to clone Dolly the sheep back in 1997 by Dr Ian Wilmut. Attempts of cloning human’s cells have been done for many years and now it has been achieved but much more research is needed to be done to achieve the goal of producing a fully functional organ. Human embryos are induced to allow the early embryos to divide into blastocyst using nuclear transplantation techniques, which is also known as cloning (Stewart, 2001).
Since these breakthroughs, the field of genetics has exploded with new research and ideas to help improve society. Genetic engineering is crucial to improving the health of organisms through early detection or by actually changing the DNA itself. If scientists were able to map out genomes of organisms, it would help them to find and prevent diseases. If some diseases were hereditary (inherited) they could be caught early and ... ... middle of paper ... ...the effects that altering of DNA will create so society needs to be careful. The advantages of genetic engineering are endless, but things like cloning and “tailor made” children are pushing the limit because they cause many moral and ethical issues.
The embryo was then transplanted into the womb of a surrogate mother to grow. The original aim of Dr Wilmut's nuclear transfer work was to find better ways to make genetic modifications in animals, by growing live animals from cell culture. It is very possible that cloning was only a side effect of the investigation and not what was supposed to be the center of this research project. But the ability to clone opens up a range of questions of its own. We can already do it to a limited degree by splitting embryos, without ethical concerns.
2008. Web. 7 Nov. 2013. . Levine, Ketzel (2008-05-20), Lab-Grown Meat a Reality, But Who Will Eat It?, National Public Radio, retrieved 2010-01-10 Meat, Future. "Cultured Meat; manufacturing of meat products through "tissue-engineering" technology."
That level of scientific involvement in the creation of human life makes many people uncomfortable. Contrary, cloning human babies might have the possibility to give infertile couples a chance to create a cloned baby. Likewise, cloning should be considered part of the health care system because this will give transplant patients a higher chance of survival and creates cloning babies for infertile couples. Cloning is the creation of living organisms that turn out to have the exact DNA as the original. According to the article “What are the Risks of Cloning?” the definition of cloning means that every single bit of DNA is... ... middle of paper ...
DNA is what makes you you. It has four nitrogen bases; A, T, C, and G make up the way a person look and develop. This DNA is cut into sequences called By changing the way the protein codes for a specific trait or gene we can make the DNA mutate to a better cell. While changing DNA could lead to cures in the medicine, some say genetic experimentation should not be allowed because it is not safe. Even though the critics do not think that genetic medicine is safe, Americans should all support genetic testing because the testing is revolutionary, more effective, and can cause major diseases to fade away.
“They then transfer the DNA of the donor animal’s somatic cells into an egg cell or oocyte it has its own DNA containing nucleus removed. With other animals the main experiment conducted in order to clone is splitting embryos in test tubes. Then they implant the results in embryos into the wombs of the adult animal” (“Cloning Fact Sheet”). For many years the controversy of human cloning still seems to... ... middle of paper ... ...tionship between stem cells and cancer cells needs to be more clearly understood if stem cells are to be used to treat human disease (“Cloning Fact Sheet”). There can be a huge advantage for using cloning.