Essay on Opposition to Apartheid

Essay on Opposition to Apartheid

Length: 1643 words (4.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The South African Apartheid, instituted in 1948 by the country’s Afrikaner National Party, was legalized segregation on the basis of race, and is a system comparable to the segregation of African Americans in the United States. Non-whites - including blacks, Indians, and people of color in general- were prohibited from engaging in any activities specific to whites and prohibited from engaging in interracial marriages, receiving higher education, and obtaining certain jobs. The National Party’s classification of “race” was loosely based on physical appearance and lineage. White individuals were superficially defined as being “obviously white'' on the basis of their “habits, education and speech as well as deportment and demeanor”; an analogous sort of definition existed for all “races." The Apartheid system mimicked the Soviet Union in that all blacks and natives were to carry passbooks containing fingerprints, photos, and other forms of identification. In 1951 the country was broken up into “Bantu homelands” or districts to which certain races of individuals would be herded and allocated certain civil rights. Early on, resistance to the derogatory and racist Apartheid Nationals mounted. The African National Congress, the South African Communist Party, The Congress of South African Trade Unions, women, and select individuals such as Nelson Mandela, act as but a few examples of both active and passive resistance to the Apartheid which ultimately led to its downfall and the ushering in of a new era of cooperation amongst all South African peoples.
The African National Committee, first established in 1912, campaigned on a platform of unity for all Africans for the sake of civil rights and liberties. After the rise to power o...


... middle of paper ...


...ngst the people of South Africa regardless of ethnic background.







Works Cited

"Apartheid History." Apartheid History. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2014.


"Apartheid Timeline." UN News Center. UN, n.d. Web. 12 Jan. 2014.


BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 12 Jan. 2014.


"A Brief History of the African National Congress." A Brief History of the African National Congress. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Jan. 2014.


"Nelson Mandela." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 12 Jan. 2014.


"The O’Malley Archives." 5. The ANC: Stages of Struggle and Policy Foundations, 1960-1994. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2014.


"Reports." The Role of Women in the Struggle against Apartheid. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2014.


"World Socialist Web Site." Mandela and the South African Communist Party -. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Jan. 2014.


"December 10, 2013." Democracy Now! N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Jan. 2014.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Growth of Opposition to Apartheid During the 1950s in South Africa Essay

- The Growth of Opposition to Apartheid During the 1950s in South Africa Opposition to Apartheid started to grow in the 1950s and 1960s because of a number of people standing up and making their voices heard. This included people such as Albert Lutuli, Walter Sisulu and Nelson Mandela. All done their part in making people go against Apartheid. Albert Lutuli was a teacher from Zimbabwe. In 1945 he joined the ANC in 1945 and 7 years later in 1952 he was elected the president of the ANC....   [tags: Free Apartheid Essays]

Free Essays
671 words (1.9 pages)

The Importance of the Opposition of Other Countries in Ending Apartheid in South Africa

- I do agree that international opposition to apartheid was one of the factors in bringing it to an end. However I think there are other causes, both long and short term, that led to the end of apartheid in South Africa. People all over the world were shocked to see the violence in events like the Soweto riots and the Sharpeville and Langa shootings. They also saw the events occurring between the South African government and extremist groups like the ANC, which appeared during Verwoerd's apartheid....   [tags: Free Apartheid Essays]

Free Essays
762 words (2.2 pages)

Essay about South Africa Under Apartheid: A Totalitarian State

- During the Apartheid Era, there emerged from South Africa cases of gross human rights abuse, racism, police brutality and general mistreatment of the non-white population. Excluding the fact that South Africa was never ruled by a dictator, it can be argued that some of these features were totalitarian and that South Africa was, to a certain extent, a totalitarian state under Apartheid. This discussion will analyse the totalitarian features that were apparent during Apartheid, and will be structured in the format of the characteristics of a totalitarian state1....   [tags: South Africa Apartheid Essays]

Powerful Essays
1365 words (3.9 pages)

Essay on Water Privatization is Re-endorsing the Apartheid State

- In 1994, the South African government abandoned its Reconstruction and Development Program that ensured that natural resources, such as water, would be accessible to all citizens irrespective of race or class (Mackinnon, 2005). Forsaking this original mandate, the national government now allowed water bureaucrats the authority to provide water only if there was a full cost recovery of operating and maintenance costs (Mackinnon, 2005). Upon advice from international financial institutions and Western governments, the South African government decreased grants and subsidies to local municipalities forcing them to eventually turn to commercialization and privatization of basic services to make u...   [tags: South Africa Apartheid Essays]

Powerful Essays
3073 words (8.8 pages)

South African Apartheid Essay

- Have you ever wondered how it would feel to be considered inferior because of your race. The people of South Africa had to endure racial inferiority during the era of apartheid. The apartheid laws the government of South Africa made led to an unequal lifestyle for the blacks and produced opposition. South Africa really began to suffer when apartheid was written into the law. Apartheid was first introduced in the 1948 election that the Afrikaner National Party won. The plan was to take the already existing segregation and expand it (Wright, 60)....   [tags: South Africa Apartheid Essays]

Powerful Essays
1513 words (4.3 pages)

The Role of Nelson Mandela in Ending Apartheid in South Africa Essay

- Nelson Mandela’s role in bringing Apartheid to an end was very important, however, there were many other factors that contributed to the ending of Apartheid. The African National Congress, also known as the ANC, was a major factor in ending Apartheid. Even when the ANC became illegal in South Africa it moved to continue its work against Apartheid. In 1940 Dr. A. B. Xuma became president of the ANC; he rescued a struggling organisation. In 1944 he reorganised it, out its finances onto a secure footing and attracted some able, young, new members who formed the ANC’s Youth League....   [tags: South African Apartheid Essays]

Powerful Essays
796 words (2.3 pages)

A Brief History of Apartheid in South Africa Essay

- A Brief History of Apartheid in South Africa Apartheid is not a new thing. Ever since Dutch colonists landed in 1652, "Blacks" and "Whites" have lived apart in South Africa. Officially started in 1948 when the Afrikaner Nationalist party came to power, apartheid is a system of racial laws devised to "Preserve and promote a white majority over a black majority." It has a lot of opposition and it led to an international boycott of South Africa because of it. When the Dutch first landed and established a strong colony there, they got on relatively peacefully with the natives....   [tags: South African Apartheid ]

Powerful Essays
667 words (1.9 pages)

The Abolishment of Apartheid from South Africa Essay

- The Abolishment of Apartheid from South Africa The oppression of the natives of South Africa has been occurring since the time of explorers and global expansion during the late 1480s. These colonizers, mostly the Dutch would come to set a very long and dark path for their ancestors; who are called Afrikaners. Over time, the natives would lose their land and resources to the white majority. The whites' domination over South Africa would conclude with apartheid (David Downing, 2004). Apartheid was a social and political system of extreme segregation that was enforced by the predominantly white government....   [tags: colonizers, freedom, equality]

Powerful Essays
1060 words (3 pages)

Essay on South African Apartheid : A Black Individual

- So what was it like living during the apartheid as a black individual. The answer is: terrible. “The first phase of apartheid entrenched white supremacy, imposed sweeping and systematic bureaucratic controls over black people, centralized and strengthened the capacity of the state and decisively delimited permissible forms of political opposition. The weight of apartheid legislation lay heavily across the lives of black South Africans in the most public and the most intimate spheres. For Africans, “all the minutiae of everyday life – where and with whom they lived, worked, had sex, travelled, shopped, walked or sat down, what they owned and consumed” were governed by permits, passes and proh...   [tags: South Africa, Black people, White people]

Powerful Essays
1523 words (4.4 pages)

Essay on African Apartheid

- Although apartheid in South Africa was not legally enacted until 1948, to fully understand the circumstances which allowed for such racism and segregation we must first understand key events beginning with the colonization of South Africa by the Dutch in 1652. Jan van Riebeeck came to what is now known as South Africa in April of 1652. He laid claim to land which was already inhabited by the Khoikhoi and founded the Fort of Good Hope on behalf of the Dutch East India Company. This port was to be a replenishment station for Dutch vessels along the trade route to India....   [tags: South African history]

Powerful Essays
992 words (2.8 pages)