Essay on The New Criminology : Marxist Perspectives And Jock Young

Essay on The New Criminology : Marxist Perspectives And Jock Young

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The ‘New Criminology’, first published in 1973, was written to criticize all previous criminological theories, positivistic and classical however, were the main focus of critique and to eliminate crime and destroy inequality in a system which has the duality of freedom, and constraint simultaneously (Walklate, 2007). The three Neo-Marxists, Ian Taylor, with criminological theory, Paul Walton, with Marxist perspectives and Jock Young, and his strength in labelling theory approaches, incorporated all their strengths in order to create a fully reached criminological and sociological theory which would critique previous schools and expose their weaknesses(Walton, Taylor, Young, 1988). The general components of ‘New Criminology’, consists of the Marxist views on Capitalism being criminogenic and the sociological labelling theory, stating the social attitude towards the ‘deviant’ reinforces the inner person to believe and fulfill the title given. However there are components such as Interactionism, and conflict theory which are also essential to ‘New Criminology’. This theory the most critical way to understand deviancy and its sociological roots in a capitalistic world. To fully comprehend the successful combination, Marxist criminology and Labelling theory, within ‘New Criminology’.
Marxist criminology believes that the state is criminogenic. That the capitalist society runs on crime (Walton, Taylor, Young, 1988). If all actives are viewed as functional, crime becomes a necessary aspect of society. The main reasons why capitalism generates crime is because of the infrastructure, economic self-interest, private ownership and the competitive system (Haralmbos, 2013). Marxism does not focus on crime as subject but focused on the “dyad o...

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... from society, to be viewed as ‘undesirable’ in which then the individual changes their opinions on themselves, and begins to act as society had labelled them as in the first place. The two aspects have a lot in common, like criticising the capitalistic society and how the system reinforces crime and societal reactions to crime, therefore being the cause and the effect. There are other aspects that are essential to ‘New Criminology’ as well, like Interactionism for example, without understanding how society construct a selection of activities that are day to day activities and how people react with suspicions when one does not conform with these activities, how that can be the gateway into labelling theory. New Criminology is a sociological and criminological theory which describes how to get rid of inequality and crime, by adjusting one common factor, Capitalism.

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