National and European Identity Essay

National and European Identity Essay

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Scholars of the European Union (EU) have a strong interest in the concept of European Union identity (Cram, 2009). The ‘European union’ identity can be identified nowadays, although there are still conflicts between national identities and a shared European identity which can be illustrated by the data from Eurobarameter and other sources. Most people perceive themselves as Europeans, as Anderson (1991) state, there is no contradictory between Europe and nation-state, ‘country first, but Europe, too’ is the main feeling of the public. However, some people don’t consider themselves as European which result from a strong attachment to the national culture. Even though, the tendency of the convergence of diverse national identity cannot be resisted (Cram, 2009). Migration of population within Europe and the implementation of Europe policy accelerate the progress of formation of the shared identity. This article is going to focus on two reasons why people are willing to define themselves as European by showing how their national identities interact with the European identity, mainly in two countries UK and Poland .The first reason is the issue of Euro, which can be regarded as a tangible symbol of a shared identity and can be perceived easily. The second reason is the collective memory shared among countries and entire Europe.


The first reason is the issue of euro. Considering a strong correlation between money and collective national identity, money can be used as an effective tool in facilitating the integration of diverse identities (Risse, 2003). Actually, the principal goal of the issues of euro is to promote the unification of the monetary system and foster integration of the economy in order to ease economic activities betwee...


... middle of paper ...


...urope? How Political Memory
Influences Polish MEPs' Perceptions of Poland's place in Europe’, Perspectives on European Politics and Society, vol.11, no.4, pp.358-375.

Müller-Peters 2011, Explaining attitudes towards the Euro. Design of a cross-national study
Journal of Economic Psychology, vol.19, pp. 663–680
Mu¨ller, J. W. 2002,Introduction: the power of memory, the memory of power and the power over memory, in: J.W. Mu¨ller (Ed.) Memory and Power in Post-War Europe: Studies in the Presence of the Past, pp. 1–35 (Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press).

Risse, T 2003, The Euro between national and European identity, Journal of European Public Policy, Vol. 10, no.4, pp.487-505

Salazar, J.M., 1998, ‘Social identity and national identity’, in Worchel, S., Morales, J.F., Páez, D., Deschamps, J.-C. (Eds.), Social Identity, International Perspectives. Sage, London.

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