The Enlargement of the European Union

2128 Words5 Pages

The enlargement of the European Union (EU) in 2004 and 2007 has been termed as the largest single expansion of the EU with a total of 12 new member states – bringing the number of members to 27 – and more than 77 million citizens joining the Commission (Murphy 2006, Neueder 2003, Ross 2011). A majority of the new member states in this enlargement are from the eastern part of the continent and were countries that had just emerged from communist economies (EC 2009, Ross 2011), although overall, the enlargement also saw new member states from very different economic, social and political compared to that of the old member states (EC 2009, Ross 2011). This enlargement was also a historical significance in European history, for it saw the reunification of Europe since the Cold War in a world of increasing globalization (EC 2009, Mulle et al. 2013, Ross 2011). For that, overall, this enlargement is considered by many to have been a great success for the EU and its citizens but it is not without its problems and challenges (EC 2009, Mulle et al. 2013, Ross 2011). This essay will thus examine the impact of the 2004/2007 enlargements from two perspectives: firstly, the impact of the enlargements on the EU as a whole, and thereafter, how the enlargements have affected the new member states that were acceded during the 2004/2007 periods. Included in the essay will be the extent of their integration into the EU and how being a part of the Commission has contributed to their development as nation states. Following that, this essay will then evaluate the overall success of the enlargement process and whether the EU or the new member states have both benefited from the accessions or whether the enlargement has only proven advantageous to one th... ... middle of paper ... ...ion). Pp 5-37; 49-78; 111-134; 151-195. Forgue, D.G., Kehoskie, N.S. 2007. ‘Enlargement Fatigue in the European Union’. International Law News. Vol 36 (2). Spring 2007. Pp 1-2. Mulle, E.D., Wedekind, G., Depoorter, I., Sattich, T., & Maltby, T. 2013. ‘EU Enlargement: Lessons from, and prospects for’. IES Working Paper 3. Pp 8-39. Murphy, A.B. 2006. ‘The May 2004 Enlargement of the European Union: View from Two Years Out’. Eurasian Geography and Economics. Vol. 47 (6). Pp 635-646. Neueder, F. 2003. ‘Costs and Benefits of EU Enlargement’. Intereconomics. July/August. Pp 190-195. Ross, G. 2011. ‘Enlargement: Triumphs and Trials’. The European and its Crises. Basingstoke: Palgrave. Pp 47-59. Obuljen, N. 2004. ‘Why we need European Cultural Policies: the impact of EU enlargemtn on cultural policies in transition countries’. European Cultural Foundation. Pp 16-40.

Open Document