Essay on Marxism And The Soviet Union

Essay on Marxism And The Soviet Union

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Marxism has been and continues to be an ideology that many aspire to achieve in its purest form. Often, this aspiration manifests in the form of political parties that appeal to the masses through a shared feeling of injustice, exploitation and a need for change. This application of the communist state has differed from case to case and has adapted itself to create different versions of itself (Leninist Marxism, Mao-Marxism etc). A comparative discussion of these applications reveals important similarities and differences in the structure of socialist states. One such comparison would be the Bolshevik Party of Russia or what is today known as the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1917) and the Aam Aadmi Party in India (2012). This discussion could provide important insight for any future parties or organizations that wish to implement or improve on Marx’s principles in the contemporary period.
Both of these movements and political parties exhibit a number of similarities with regard to the Marxist principle they draw on, both consciously and unconsciously. Both parties drew from the masses in order to obtain enough support to some extent, overturn the existing government. They were both founded on the belief that a nation should be run by its masses i.e the proletariat, and not by the bourgeoisie. They were both formed out of disagreements from their parent bodies (The Social Revolutionaries and the larger Anti-Corruption movement).
However, they differed in some key aspects that may have had a significant impact on the overall success of the parties. The Bolshevik Party was able to completely change the regime of its country and remain in power for over 70 years. AAP fell prey to controversies, the political system and...


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...f additional privilege or action against their opponents, proves Marx’s point in this case.
Both the Bolsheviks and the Aam Aadmi Party implemented Marx’s policies either consciously or unconsciously. They both hoped to achieve the same goal of an egalitarian society where one was entitled to returns equivalent to the work that they put in and not less, a society ruled by and catering to the masses and not the elites. However where they differed was their methods of achieving these goals. What can be seen is that to achieve a Marxian utopia or to at least achieve significant success of the Marxist ideal, parties must adhere to the guidelines that Marx proposed, albeit adapted to the contemporary world. The Bolsheviks did this while the AAP did not. Therefore, the Bolsheviks were much more successful in the creation of the society they aimed for than the AAP was.

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