In the short-term it is clear that Trotsky had a huge significance in the development of Russia, shown clearly through both his letters and documents, and the opinions of those close to Trotsky. The significance is obvious through his role in the build up to the October Revolution, his negotiations with Germany through the Brest-Litovsk Treaty, his contribution to Bolshevik success in the civil war and his attitude towards terror and his failure to out maneuver Stalin to succeed Lenin. Trotsky was hugely significant in the build up to and during the October Revolution. The first reason was his ability to convince many of the Social Democrats that the revolution was a real possibility, not just a theoretical concept. This is evident through much of Trotsky’s work as the leader of the Petrograd Soviet in September 1917, which saw Trotsky re-invent the Bolshevik plan to seize power, curbing Lenin’s ruthless ambition as he aimed for the swift overthrow of Kerensky .
Why Stalin Was Able to Hold on to Power in the Soviet Union Stalin was ruthless in order to stay in power, there are many reasons that helped him hold on to his position. Through the Purges Stalin was able to eliminate or clear out all opposition within the party. Anyone who threatened his position, or disagreed with some of his policies, was purged. They were purged in great Show Trails, in order for the Stalin to have a motive for punishing them. They would be forced to confess false crimes, such as plotting against Stalin.
Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union, arguably the world’s most powerful, but lethal leader, was Russia’s turning point from agriculture and failed westernization to a world superpower and rapid industrialization. The power struggle and chaos in Russia from 1914 to the 1920’s made it easy for him to win power. In World War I, there was a sharp decrease in every aspect of Russia which led to many riots triggering a revolution in 1917. Nicholas II, the czar of Russia later abdicated and was killed. Alexander Kerensky took over Russia and as turmoil escalated, Vladimir Lenin replaced him by promising three simple things: peace, bread and land.
Opposition from the Right now became apparent with Bukharin's attack on policy to the peasants in Notes of an Economist, September 1928. Those on the Right were now denounced as factionalists and gradually removed from their positions. In 1929 for example, Bukha... ... middle of paper ... ...lin personally eradicating opposition, but were high ranking members of the Communist Party, loyal to Stalin trying to protect him from the so called threat of resistance in order to stay in his favour. However, whether Stalin was personally in control of these events or not, they still played a major part in the assertion of his authority over the USSR. Therefore by 1939, Stalin had succeeded by various means in gaining unquestionable authority over the Communist Party and the USSR.
The October Revolution in 1922 Following the Bolshevik accession to power in the October Revolution many obstacles stood in the way to Bolshevik absolutism. The external and internal enemies of Communist Bolshevism actively threatened to topple Lenin and his Party. However it was the ability of the Party to suppress or negotiate with its enemies, that helped the Bolsheviks consolidate power by 1922, and do away with their enemies. Though the Party in 1917 ruled with a degree of popular support, institutions of coercion were quickly established to consolidate the power of the Bolsheviks. The first step to Bolshevik absolutism was political streamlining.
Joseph Stalin showed this mentality about war when he began to take from the already diminished poor classes of Russia to help aid in the s... ... middle of paper ... ... would ultimately aid his nation in becoming a political, social, and economic powerhouse. In conclusion, Stalin was most certainly a Machiavellian leader. During his reign as the Premier of the Soviet Union his actions, decisions, achievements, and life were close to if not exactly what Machiavelli attempted to teach the Florence politicians. In their time of war and bickering Machiavelli saw the need for a great leader, who was willing to do what it takes to allow the nation to prosper. Joseph Stalin was that man of his era, and he like the many Machiavellian leaders would have success and troubles along his reign as a ruler.
Lenin who was the communist leader he promised Russian people “ Peace, Bread and land”. But not every one accepted and believed him especially landowners, factory owners and etc. That caused the civil war between The “Reds” (Communists) and The “Whites”(landowners, factory owners, rich peasants...). At the civil war period, Communists used Propaganda poster to get popularity and to brain wash people to support Bolsheviks.The war raged from 1918 to 1920. The consequences of the war were a huge number of dead, wounded and displaced even worse than World War I. Joseph Sta... ... middle of paper ... ... wealthy class which has helm of power.
Ayn Rand authored Anthem about 20 years following the occurrences of the Russian Revolution in 1917. In addition, the misdoings and ills of the Soviet regime under the leadership of Josef Stalin contributed in influencing Rand’s insight of the significance of collectivism. The USSR shared a common belief that Communism, which can be explained as an extreme side of socialism, would assist the citizens by collectivizing numerous aspects of their existence. The collectivist principles made an assumption when people serve one another to the best of their ability, every person living in that society mutually benefits (Johannessen, 32). Nonetheless, in Russia, the rise to power by the Communists had been blood-spattered as well as entangled with totalitarian principles in the pretence of socialism.
Lenin knew that there was enough discontent amongst the people for a revolution to work. By October 1917 the Bolsheviks controlled both the Petrograd and the Moscow Soviets. His slogans and policies were popular with the people. In 1918 Lenin introduced the policy of War Communism, in order to ensure that the Red Army was well supplied during the Civil War. All industries were nationalised.
The Extent to Which Lenin's NEP Solved the Problems Caused by War Communism Subsequent to the Bolshevik revolution in October 1917 commenced a two year domesticated war in Russia between the newly empowered Communist establishment and the conservative military officers. The primary victims were peasants, affected mostly from the exorbitant demands of food supplies and other essential necessities. The communist and despotic techniques practiced by the Bolsheviks during the war were hence dubbed “war communism” and had considerably alienated the mass of the Russian populace against its communist policies. Thus the regime was forced to restrain its callous inclinations and accordingly abandon “war communism”. Moreover V.I Lenin introduced the “New Economic Policy” in which capitalism and entrepreneurship was maintained, consequently restoring economic, social and agricultural production to pre-revolution levels.