Locke and Rousseau oppose on the principles man follows in the state of nature. Both Locke and Rousseau present laws which would have governed men in the state of nature, but their rules do not align with one another. Locke states “the state of nature has a law of nature to govern it…reason” (§6). Locke believes that from the beginning, man has been bestowed with reason. Therefore Locke argues that reason is a fundamental force which guides man in the state of nature. Although Rousseau presents the opposite idea. Rousseau believes that the state of nature was “prior to reason” (14). He thinks reason is subsequent of society, and would not be in the state of nature, therefore reason would be unnatural. Thus Rousseau poses two principles he believes were present in the state of nature; “of which one makes us ardently interested in our well-being and our ...
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...cause he only knows himself and his concerns. Locke and Rousseau both know natural man had to depart from the state of nature, but they differed for who would benefit in joining together. How natural man behaved and interacted in the state of nature decided why he would join society.
Locke and Rousseau differ greatly on their ideas and opinions on the state of nature. Locke believes reason is the fundamental principle in nature and that it is involved in all the actions natural man does. Rousseau believes that in the state of nature man is a savage and lives with two main principles: self-preservation and distaste for pain. Their fundamental difference of what rules natural man obeys influences all the other differences of how they are differently equal and why they would depart from the state of nature. Locke and Rousseau have distinct ideas on the state of nature.
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