Labeling Theory Of Criminal Justice Essay

Labeling Theory Of Criminal Justice Essay

Length: 1329 words (3.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Labeling theory in criminal justice, tries to describe the connection between being labeled as a deviant and becoming the very thing the stereotypes suggest “deviant”. Labeling theorist argue that deviant behaviors can be a result of the way one view themselves in society (Bernburg, J. G., & Krohn, M. D., 2003). For instance, being label as a social misfit can contribute to individual believing that he/she must engage in misfit behaviors. Arguing that stereotypes can changes self-perception.

Cultural deviance theory is a labeling theory that suggest that deviance can be associated to the urban areas to with one resides. This theory suggest that poverty suffering areas tend to have higher levels of deviance because their environment influences the behaviors (Costello, B. J., 2006). Cultural deviance theory identified 3 influential versions which are “lower-class contribute the highest crime rates (urban areas), urban lower-class areas responsible for the rise of crime, and subcultures (urban areas) self –motivated crimes created for personal satisfaction.

The theory worthy of review to avoid stereotyping individuals in the criminal justice system is the sociological general strain theory (ÖZBAY, Ö. 2014). The presumption that an individual’s urge to engage in criminal activities is based on his/her inadequacy to achieve goals of a society legitimately leading to societal or personal strain is the argument basis of sociological strain theory. General strain theory attempt to give understanding of crime through one’s lack of ability to obtain financial security (ÖZBAY, Ö. 2014)... Meaning that one’s might be more willing to commit unlawful act based on their need to achieve goals such as money, respect, or the need for freedom...

... middle of paper ...

... back in to society. Labeling Theory can only be tested through the recidivism rates of the gang leaders. It gives no real understanding to why one’s perception of self only lead to negative results such as crime.

Cultural deviance theory give would better explain why increase in gang member have risen over the last year. Because it shows how the environment contribute to deviance that influence the gang member to continue their illicit behaviors. The 3 influential versions Cultural deviance theory offers understanding of the different level of cultural sufferance that is contributing to the hike in crime in certain areas. Cultural deviance theory avoid stereotyping individuals by personal traits or labels and places some of the blame of the cultural environment that is a contributor to the crime that is affecting the communities as a whole.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

A Comparison of Conflict and Labeling Theory in the Context of Youth Gangs

- Many have attempted to explain gang involvement in today's society. However, there is an underlying activity of youth joining gangs that does not seem to have enough media coverage or thorough explanations. As the name suggests, youth gang membership is about the juvenile population creating and joining gangs. Research indicates that youth gang membership exists in contemporary north America (Bernburg et al. 2006; aLilly et al. 2011; Maclure and Sotelo 2004; Sims 1997; Wiley et al. 2013; Yoder et al....   [tags: conflict theory, labeling theory, youth gangs]

Strong Essays
1544 words (4.4 pages)

The Theory Of The Criminal Justice Essay

- 1. Hypothesis - A hypothesis is defined by the Criminal Justice Today textbook as "An explanation that accounts for a set of facts and that can be tested by further investigation. Also, something that is taken to be true for the purpose of argument or investigation" (Schmalleger 73). It is, essentially, a supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of limited evidence as a starting point for further investigation. In terms of law and criminal justice, The Law Dictionary website defines the term as "A supposition, assumption, or theory; a theory set up by the prosecution, on a criminal trial, or by the defense, as an explanation of the facts in evidence, and a ground for inferring g...   [tags: Criminology, Sociology, Economics, Crime]

Strong Essays
1485 words (4.2 pages)

Essay on Restorative Justice : The And Adult Criminal Justice System

- All over the globe, restorative justice is gaining popularity in both the juvenile and adult criminal justice systems. Instead of relying on basic legal intervention to deal with youths’ misbehavior and delinquency, restorative justice focuses on the reconciliation between offenders and victims (book, pg. 86). For decades, the way that various criminal justice systems dealt with juvenile delinquency was mostly based off of criminological theories. In this instance, an understanding of the reintegrative shaming theory is vital to fully understanding restorative justice as a whole....   [tags: Criminology, Crime, Criminal justice]

Strong Essays
1209 words (3.5 pages)

Criminal Acts : Subjectivity And Criminal Behaviors As Explained By The Conflict And Labeling Theories

- Women Involved in Criminal Acts: Subjectivity to Criminal Behaviors as Explained by the Conflict and Labeling Theories Maria Faz February 6, 2015 CRIJ-3390-OL03 Women Involved in Criminal Acts: Subjectivity to Criminal Behaviors as Explained by the Conflict and Labeling Theories Throughout history, men have had a long lasting authority over women and have manipulated their behavior. With the creation of laws and labels, they have manipulated the misconduct of women to protect their high positions in the hierarchy of supremacy....   [tags: Crime, Sociology, Criminology, Criminal justice]

Strong Essays
1091 words (3.1 pages)

A Brief Note On Criminology And The Criminal Justice System Essay

- Historically, criminology was significantly ‘gender-blind’ with men constituting the majority of criminal offenders, criminal justice practitioners and criminologists to understand ‘male crimes’ (Carraine, Cox, South, Fussey, Turton, Theil & Hobbs, 2012). Consequently, women’s criminality was a greatly neglected area and women were typically seen as non-criminal. Although when women did commit crimes they were medicalised and pathologised, and sent to mental institutions not prisons (Carraine et al., 2012)....   [tags: Sociology, Crime, Criminal justice]

Strong Essays
1518 words (4.3 pages)

Issues That Affect Criminal 's Families Essays

- Issues that effect criminal’s families However, as researchers, we will like to turn our attention to the family’s aspects before we write more about the racial disparity in the criminal justice system in capital punishment cases. Even though, we couldn’t find much information about the families’ impact of criminal capital cases through societal disbelief. “Nevertheless, this contrasts to the consideration that there are more deaths in one race than the other, leading to families feeling defenseless due to lose” (Schweizer, 2013)....   [tags: Crime, Capital punishment, Criminal justice]

Strong Essays
1502 words (4.3 pages)

The Theory Of Deterrence Theory And Labeling Theory Essay

- It can be traced back that Thomas Hobbes first formulated the idea of deterrence. Advocates of deterrence theory “believe that people choose to obey or violate the law after calculating the gains and consequences of their actions” (Onwudiwe, Odo, Onyeozili). Essentially, as stated above, individuals will engage in crime when the benefit of the crime outweighs the cost of committing the crime (punishment). Personally, I believe that individuals that are part of the Operation Ceasefire end their “street days” because they are mostly scared of the harsh consequences that will follow if they continue to engage in a life of crime....   [tags: Criminology, Crime, Violent crime, Police]

Strong Essays
728 words (2.1 pages)

Essay Discuss The Theories Of Deterrence And Labeling

- Question #2 There are several aspects within deterrence that are important to understand when discussing the theories of deterrence and labeling. According to the deterrence theory, there are two different classifications of deterrence—specific and general. First, specific deterrence is defined as apprehending an offender and punishing him or her which will refrain them from repeating crimes if they are caught and punished by the criminal justice system (Akers and Sellers, 16). Secondly, general deterrence is defined as the states way of punishing society for a crime that they have not committed, while using a certain group of people who have committed that crime....   [tags: Crime, Criminology, Sociology, Criminal law]

Strong Essays
1630 words (4.7 pages)

Labelling Theories Of The Criminal Justice World Essay

- Understanding the importance of what happen is not merely as important as figuring out why something happen. There are many different whys in the criminal justice world, which is known today as theories. One in particular is called the labeling theory. Rather than looking at why some social gatherings carry out more wrongdoing, the labelling theory asks why some people committing some actions come to be defined as deviant, while others do not. Labelling theory is also interested in the effects of labelling on individuals....   [tags: Criminology, Crime, Sociology, Learning]

Strong Essays
848 words (2.4 pages)

Integrated Theories of Criminal Justice Essay

- Integrated Theories of Criminal Justice Abstract Two theorist and theories that have been recognized by many involved in the criminal justice field are Ross L. Matsueda's Theory of Differential Social Control, and, Charles R. Tittle's Control Balance Theory. Matsueda's theory, (1) identifies a broader range of individual-level mechanisms of social control, (2) specifying group and organizational processes for controlling delinquency, (3) conceptualizing classical criminological theories as special cases of a general interactionist framework, and (4) testing the interactionist model empirically against specific hypotheses drawn from competing theories....   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
3645 words (10.4 pages)