Cultural deviance theory is a labeling theory that suggest that deviance can be associated to the urban areas to with one resides. This theory suggest that poverty suffering areas tend to have higher levels of deviance because their environment influences the behaviors (Costello, B. J., 2006). Cultural deviance theory identified 3 influential versions which are “lower-class contribute the highest crime rates (urban areas), urban lower-class areas responsible for the rise of crime, and subcultures (urban areas) self –motivated crimes created for personal satisfaction.
The theory worthy of review to avoid stereotyping individuals in the criminal justice system is the sociological general strain theory (ÖZBAY, Ö. 2014). The presumption that an individual’s urge to engage in criminal activities is based on his/her inadequacy to achieve goals of a society legitimately leading to societal or personal strain is the argument basis of sociological strain theory. General strain theory attempt to give understanding of crime through one’s lack of ability to obtain financial security (ÖZBAY, Ö. 2014)... Meaning that one’s might be more willing to commit unlawful act based on their need to achieve goals such as money, respect, or the need for freedom...
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... back in to society. Labeling Theory can only be tested through the recidivism rates of the gang leaders. It gives no real understanding to why one’s perception of self only lead to negative results such as crime.
Cultural deviance theory give would better explain why increase in gang member have risen over the last year. Because it shows how the environment contribute to deviance that influence the gang member to continue their illicit behaviors. The 3 influential versions Cultural deviance theory offers understanding of the different level of cultural sufferance that is contributing to the hike in crime in certain areas. Cultural deviance theory avoid stereotyping individuals by personal traits or labels and places some of the blame of the cultural environment that is a contributor to the crime that is affecting the communities as a whole.
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