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Kidney stone are form from substances found in the urine. They can be as small as a grain of sand to the size of a pearl. It has been documented that sometimes kidney stones can get as large as a golf ball. There are four types of kidney stones: calcium, struvite, uric acid and cystine stones. Calcium is the most common type of kidney stone.
The most common kidney stone contains calcium and is caused by not drinking enough water to flush out the calcium in your kidneys. The struvite stone is caused mainly from an infection in the urinary system. Uric acid stones are formed when too much meat or protein are consumed and not enough liquids. Cystine stones are rare, but are hereditarily and will build up in the urine until a stone is form.
Symptoms can very from no pain to excruciating pain when the stone obstructs the urinary tract. Some of the symptoms can be sharp, stabbing pain in the lower back, which can last from 20 minutes to one hour. Blood in the urine, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea are some other symptoms. Many times, there will be an urged to urinate and when it finally happens there will be a burning pain in the urethra.
They are several ways to remove kidney stones and it all depends on the size and location of the stone. Usually if the stone is less than 4 mm in diameter it will pass on its own, but stones larger than 6 mm have only have a 20% chance of passing spontaneously, Drinking two to three quarts of water a day will help the stone pass.
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"Kidney Stones: Formation and Treatment Options." 123HelpMe.com. 18 Jun 2019
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Kidney stones are very painful regardless of the size of the stone. Surgery is the last option to eliminate kidney stones. If the stone does not pass spontaneously and the pain continues, a visit to the doctor is necessary. In most cases, kidney stones can be avoided by drinking plenty of water to flush out the waste produce by our body and by maintaining a healthy diet.