The Iranian Revolution and the Russian Revolution Essay example

The Iranian Revolution and the Russian Revolution Essay example

Length: 1667 words (4.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Iranian Revolution of 1979 was a religious uprising that involved the collapse of the longstanding Monarchy in Iran. In this essay, I will compare and contrast the background and ideology of the Iranian Revolution with the Russian Revolution of 1917. I will then outline the major differences and similarities between the two.

In the 1970’s Iran, under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was a very centralized military state that maintained a close relationship with the USA. The Shah was notoriously out of touch with working class Iranians as he implemented many controversial economic policies against small business owners that he suspected involved profiteering. Also unrestricted economic expansions in Iran lead to huge government expenditure that became a serious problem when oil prices dropped in the mid 1970’s. This caused many huge government construction projects to halt and the economy to stall after many years of massive profit. Following this was high rates of inflation that affected Iranians buying power and living standards. (Afary, 2012) Under the Shah, political participation was not widely available for all Iranians and it was common for political opposition to be met with harassment, illegal detention, and even torture. These measures were implemented by the Iranian secret police knows as ‘SAVAK’. This totalitarian regime combined with the increasing modernisation of the country paved the way for revolution.

Ted Grant commented on the regime in Iran by stating
“A totalitarian system can only maintain itself by means of terror and a system of informers while the masses are inert, but once the masses move into action it is the beginning of the end.”
The Shah attempted to appear as an old-fashioned absolute monar...


... middle of paper ...


...10) Ideology and The Iranian Revolution. (2012). Retrieved from https://netfiles.uiuc.edu/mshadme2/www/papers/iran_ideology.pdf


Cassier, M. (1999) The Shattered Horizon, How Ideology Mattered to Soviet Politics. Studies in European Thought, 51(1). 35-59.

Lafraie, Najibullah (2009). Revolutionary Ideology and Islamic Militancy : The Iranian Revolution and Interpretations of the Quran. Tauris Academic Studies. Retrieved March 23, 2012, from Ebook Library.

Ludwig, P. (1999). Iranian Nation and Islamic Revolutionary Ideology. Die Welt des islams. 39(2). 183-217.


Halliday, F. (2009). Iran’s Revolution in Global History retrieved from
http://www.opendemocracy.net/article/iran-s-revolution-in-global-history

Wood, A. (1986). The Russian Revolution. Seminar Studies in History. (2) Longman, p 1-98. ISBSN 0582355591, 9780582355590

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Iranian Revolution Of 1979 Essay

- The Iranian Revolution of 1979 was a world changing nationalist movement in the heart of Tehran. These events caused for a unstable political climate in the center of the middle east. From the separation to the revolution in 1979 Iran has only been a turbulent nation, with some of the worlds oil supply. Iran is one of the most heavily religious nations in the entire modern world. The Shi’a Clergy or Ulema are the karahn’s book on leadership of a nation. During the time of the Ottoman Empire the people of the future nation of Iran believed that non-believers were ruining their nation....   [tags: Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Pahlavi dynasty]

Powerful Essays
2236 words (6.4 pages)

Essay about The Islamic Revolution Of Iran

- The Islamic revolution in Iran came from discontent for westernization and secularization in Iran. It was the Iranian supporters of Khomeini rebelling against shah and his westernized approach and dictatorship of the country. The Iranian felt as if Iran’s leader the Shahan shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi Aryamehr was too westernized and was contaminating Iran with modernization and also creating a separation of democracy and religion. Also, powerful and entrenched groups in Iran did not like how shah imposed his westernize reforms (Goldschmidt, 2013)....   [tags: Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Iranian Revolution]

Powerful Essays
781 words (2.2 pages)

What were some conflicts involved in the Iranian Revolution? Essays

- During the Iranian Revolution, there have been a lot of conflicts with other countries. I think that during this revolution period, the most conflicts involved are with The United States of America, and The Republic of Iraq. Compared to other countries, The US and Iraq interfered with the Iranian Revolution the most and they had played important roles in Iran’s history. The Islamic Republic of Iran and The Republic of Iraq disliked each other from a long time ago, even sometimes today. The Iran and Iraq border does not allow pedestrian trespassing, the Iraqi soldiers stand in a whole line guarding the Iraq side at the border, and Iranian soldiers stand in a whole line guarding the Iran side...   [tags: Revolutionary Period, United States, Iraq]

Powerful Essays
886 words (2.5 pages)

Anglo-Russian Agreement of 1907 Essay

- Countries are entitled to their own individualized feelings concerning situations involving control but what is troubling is that there is an overwhelming influence that can affect an individual state. It may be hard for them because control requires rigorous and thoughtless decision making in regard for innocent people trying to live their lives. At the beginning of the twentieth century, Britain did not see the need to become a part of the entente with France and Russia. This was the start to many problems that arose during this time....   [tags: conflict, persia, russia, india]

Powerful Essays
1515 words (4.3 pages)

Iran Between Iran And Iran Essays

- Despite official optimistic statements of parties to the agreement, and the fact that Iran has fundamentalist ideology, and the objective of exporting the revolution, many experts rightly believe that “Iran remains Iran.” In particular, Bahraini Foreign Minister Sheikh Khalid bin Ahmed Al Khalifa, said that Iran and ISIS "are two sides of the same coin". On November 21, 2015, Iran once again conducted ballistic missile tests of the middle class “Qadr-110”. The missiles have a range of 1800-2000 kilometers and trials were held in the port city of Shabahar....   [tags: Iran, Ruhollah Khomeini, Iranian Revolution]

Powerful Essays
776 words (2.2 pages)

Persepolis : The Story Of A Childhood By Marjane Satrapi Essay

- In light of the analysis of the graphic novel of Persepolis: The Story of a Childhood by Marjane Satrapi, it is clear that the events portrayed in the novel represent the tribulations and tragedies that various Iranian citizens experienced during the downfall of Reza Shah, the Islamic Revolution, and the Iran-Iraq War. In terms of plot, the story is told through the memoirs of middle class Tehran female citizen, Marjane Satrapi aka “Marji”, as she recounts her perceptions and views of the overthrow of the Shah’s regime, the success of the Islamic Revolution, and the devastating effects of the war with Iraq in relation to her transitioning beliefs on matters and how they affected loved one...   [tags: Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Iranian Revolution]

Powerful Essays
1193 words (3.4 pages)

Essay about The Iranian Revolution And Its Aftermath

- Middle Eastern history is far too often miss-documented and poorly narrated, specifically in Iran. It is no secret that Western governments take special interest in countries with large oil deposits, however as a finite resource the increasing demand for oil mixed with fundamentally different political climates and religious followings creates a tension that many would state remains the motive for many wars today. The 1979 Iranian Revolution and its aftermath is often simplified by detractors to be the first steps in the creation of an isolated and fundamentalist state that supports terrorism; and that is not completely wrong however lessons learned from the Iranian revolution vary hugely de...   [tags: Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Iranian Revolution]

Powerful Essays
1384 words (4 pages)

The During World War I Essay

- By the end of the nineteenth century, the seemingly unstoppable rise of colonial power called for the modernization of Middle Eastern countries, particularly in Iran and Egypt. In their respective pursuits of building a modern nation-state, Reza Shah of Iran and Ataturk of Egypt, similarly implemented policies of political centralization, economic development, and secularization. Ultimately, modernization proved more viable in Turkey than in Reza Shah’s Iran due to the precedents characteristic of the Ottoman Empire inherited by Ataturk....   [tags: Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Iranian Revolution]

Powerful Essays
1018 words (2.9 pages)

Points Of View About The Iranian Revolution Essay

- Points of view about the Iranian Revolution differ. From Marjane Satrapi’s perspective, the Iranian Revolution (and resulting regime) was sexist and anti-feminist. The reader meets and comes to know an articulate Iranian female voice standing against the fundamental ideas of the regime. Accordingly, Persepolis is not only a humanist work, nor simply is it a recorded history of revolutionary Iran. Instead it is an original feminist text equally because thinking women capable of individual action are at its center, and because by reporting her story Satrapi explores femininity in a fiercely male dominated society....   [tags: Iranian Revolution, Iran, Gender, Woman]

Powerful Essays
950 words (2.7 pages)

The Revolution of 1905: The First Russian Revolution Essay

- The Revolution of 1905: The First Russian Revolution We are, however, slightly ahead of our story. The short period of 1900-1906 provides an essential piece of the puzzle to make the picture of the Russian Revolution complete. Russia's Asian policy under Nicholas II took a decidedly expansionist and aggressive tone, culminating in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905. A primarily naval conflict on Russia's Far Eastern frontier, this war brought back the awful memories of the Crimean defeat when Japan's newly modernized army and navy routed the out-dated, ill-equipped Russian forces....   [tags: Russian History Revolution Historical Essays]

Powerful Essays
4229 words (12.1 pages)