The late 20th century was a very turbulent time in American history. In 1976, Jimmy Carter was elected to the presidency, and he had many goals to help better America. However, on November 4th, 1979, a group of radical students seized the United States’ embassy in Tehran, Iran. This completely altered the course of American history and relations with the Middle East. This crisis had many impacts on the United States. It caused the Energy Crisis which in turn caused the Recession of 1979. The Iran Hostage Crisis also had political consequences for President Carter. It was a major factor that contributed to him losing the election of 1980 to Ronald Reagan. Additionally, this crisis led to many instances of racial discrimination toward Iranian-Americans and Iranian immigrants. Even after the Hostage Crisis was resolved, the bad blood between the two countries continued; the United States helped Iraq in the war against Iran, and the Iranians backed a second hostage situation in Lebanon. The Iran Hostage Crisis was a very important event that impacted America in many ways and destroyed our relationship with Iran. The consequences of this event are still felt today and continue to our foreign policies toward Iran.
Throughout the 20th century, the United States tried to control Iran to ensure the exportation of oil to America. Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi came to power in 1941 and became allies with the United States. However in the 1950s, Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadegh began to gain political power. Unlike the Shah, he was extremely against western influence in Iran. Mossadegh won national elections and he demanded more power. In order to retain influence in Iran, the CIA helped overthrow Mossadegh and bring Pahlavi back to power....
... middle of paper ...
...ran Hostage Crisis (4 November 1979-20 January 1981)." The Encyclopedia of the Cold War: A Political, Social, and Military History. Ed. Spencer C. Tucker. Vol. 2. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2007. 640-42. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 18 Apr. 2014.
Sciolino, Elaine. "Lingering Power of Hostage Crisis Short-Circuits Iranian Nominee." New York Times. New York Times, 12 Apr. 2014. Web. 26 Apr. 2014.
Shafer, Leah R. "Address on the Energy Crisis (15 July 1979)." Dictionary of American History. Ed. Stanley I. Kutler. 3rd ed. Vol. 9. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2003. 492-94. U.S. History in Context. Web. 18 Apr. 2014.
Watson, Stephanie. "Iranian Hostage Crisis." Encyclopedia of Espionage, Intelligence and Security. Ed. K. Lee Lerner and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner. Vol. 2. Detroit: Gale, 2004. 158-60. U.S. History in Context. Web. 18 Apr. 2014.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- November 4th, 1979 was a normal day for many people across the globe, however in Tehran, Iran a 444 day long journey had just begun for 60 plus Americans. Today this issue is better known as the Iranian Hostage Crisis. This plight started with the United States attempt to westernize Iran. Which resulted in severe backlash from Iran against the United States own citizens. This quickly became a crisis for the United States and a scurry to try and save American lives. Because of attempts to change Iran, the Iranians started to resent the United States for many reasons, which went beyond the 444 day long crisis.... [tags: Iran, Iran hostage crisis, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi]
1323 words (3.8 pages)
- On November 4, 1979 in Tehran, Iran, The United States Embassy was taken over by a group of Muslim students who supported Ruhollah Khomeini, the leader of the Revolution. During the take over of the embassy, 52 American citizens who worked in the embassy were taken hostage for a total of 444 days. The hostage crisis and the revolution were known frequently around the world. However, with the help of the media and prior events of U.S policy in Iran, the American citizens were well aware of the situations occurring in Iran during the Hostage Crisis.... [tags: Iran, Iran hostage crisis, Iranian Revolution]
1138 words (3.3 pages)
- The Iran Hostage Crisis changed the political connections between the United States and Iran for several years to come. The Iran Hostage Crisis became a symbol of America 's global power and influence On November 4, 1979, Iranian students stormed the US embassy in Tehran, Iran, and took 52 Americans Hostage. The students agreed that the hostages would not be released until the Shah returned to “Iran to stand trial for the crimes committed against the Iranian people.” (Bechtel). Despite the Shah’s treatment of the Iranian people, the President Carted allowed the Shah into the United States to receive medical treatment.... [tags: Iran, Iran hostage crisis, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi]
871 words (2.5 pages)
- “In Tehran, the 444 days of the Iran Hostage Crisis was the first world event in which you could literally have live events beamed into your living room…” The Iran Hostage Crisis was one of the most highly publicized events in the late 1970s to the early 1980s. In the 444 days that the Hostage Crisis lasted, every major news sources was reporting on it daily. Since the beginning of the Iran Hostage Crisis, and even prior to the taking the hostages, the media has played a large role in the foreign policy, especially in regards to Iran, decision making of the leaders of the country.... [tags: Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Iranian Revolution]
1314 words (3.8 pages)
- In the minds of American citizens today, September 11, 2001 will constantly be a reminder of the tragic terrorist attack against the United States. However, many forget about a different terrorist attack, the aggression from the Iranians that humiliated American embassy members in 1979. Known as the Iranian hostage crisis, the siege at Tehran was a reaction by Iranian students towards American intervention in foreign affairs. Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, also known as the Shah, had good relations with America but was hated by his people.... [tags: Iran, Iran hostage crisis, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi]
1963 words (5.6 pages)
- What makes any group of people distrust their leader. Explicitly, what breaks away Americans from their once beloved president. Secrecy, Silence, and Seclusion provide the basis of doubt and the back down in support of one’s own government. Confidence was at an all-time low, especially from the struggling mid-1960s, all the way through the 1980s. Prior to these testing two decades, the majority of Americans trusted the federal government, but there is a clear drop due to presidents and their actions in such situations concerning The Vietnam War, The Iran Hostage Crisis, and the Iran- Contra Scandal.... [tags: United States, Vietnam War, Richard Nixon]
1067 words (3 pages)
- In January 1979, Iranians opposed to the Shah’s rule invaded the American embassy in Tehran and held a group of 52 American diplomats and other hostages for 444 days. The Shah left Iran and the victorious Ayatollah Khomeini returned that February. Of the approximately 90 people inside the embassy, 52 remained in captivity until the end of the crisis. The reputation of the Ayatollah Khomeini and the hostage taking was further enhanced with the failure of a hostage rescue attempt that cost lives. The Ayatollah Khomeini set forth several demands to be met prior to the release of the hostages.... [tags: U.S. History]
1745 words (5 pages)
- President Carter’s New Year’s 1979 toast to the Shah at a state dinner in Tehran, announcing that he was "an island of stability in one of the more troubled areas of the world”, set the tone of the stance the United States had with the Shah which indicated support. This led to the trigger of The Iran Hostage Crisis that lasted 444 days, in which Carter allowed an ally, the unpopular Shah to flee to the New York to receive medical care for his cancer and escaping the Iranian Revolution. On November 4th 1979 student demonstrators raided the US Embassy in Tehran, capturing 66 Americans, in which 13 women and minority hostages were let go almost immediately and 1 ill man shortly after.... [tags: Diplomacy]
2122 words (6.1 pages)
- History of the United States 1979 to 1981: Iran Hostage Crisis From 1979-1981 it was a scary time for my the United States. My mother, Louise Schoene was a student at Niagara and my father, Gary Schoene Sr. was working for United States military in the during the Iran hostage crisis. My father, during his interview mostly spoke about Ruhollah Moosavi Khomeini the leader of Iran. Khomeini was the leader of Iran during the Iran hostage crisis who took power after fourteen years exiled. During his leadership he overthrew the previous pro-American government.... [tags: Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Iranian Revolution]
1091 words (3.1 pages)
- It started November 4th 1979 when hundreds of Islamic student took the U.S. Embassy diplomats hostage. Their despicable actions that day signaled a new sense of radical Islam, which is the root for some religious terrorism we face internationally and domestically. Iranians never forgot that the United States of America staged a military coup to overthrow the democratic government of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, and put into place that was better for the United States politically in the battle against Russia.... [tags: Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Iran hostage crisis]
2094 words (6 pages)
- The Value of Critical Research in Higher Education
- Disillusioned Youth: The Youth International Party
- The Future of Common Core Curriculum in Education
- Commodification and Exploitation of Surrogacy
- Mental Illness in Shakespeare's Works
- Persecution of the Quakers in England Led to Their Sympathy Towards the Slaves in America