Interest Groups and Foreign Policy Essay

Interest Groups and Foreign Policy Essay

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Interest groups and Foreign Policy
Introduction
In this paper I am going to compare and contrast how interest groups both internal and external affect the foreign policy of a developing nation and how they affect the foreign policy of a developed state.
Foreign policy is a strategy a government uses in dealing with other states.
Interest groups or special interest groups are any association of individual or organizations that on the basis of one or more shared concerns, attempt to influence public policy in its favor usually by lobbying members of the government.
Interest groups may be classified according to their motivation: economic, including individual corporations and business organizations; professional, including professional groups such as trade unions and farmers; public interest, including human rights groups, environmental groups, among others. For the purposes of this query, we will focus on the influence of economic interest groups.
We can have internal and external interest groups that influence a country’s foreign policy. Internal interest groups can include; wealthy business people, multinational corporations (MNCs), opposition parties/ groups and many others. External interest groups include; international organizations, MNCs, terrorist groups, non-governmental organizations and many others.
In international politics interest groups play a major role in shaping the international relations of a state. In a state we can have interest groups which pressure the government of the day to introduce certain policies in order to serve their interest. For example powerful business owners who have business interest all over the world can make their state to push for laws internationally to serve their interest a good exampl...


... middle of paper ...


...s a reason to make it happen and those reasons are interest groups, these push policies by lobbying the government of the day.


Conclusion
Interest groups are associations of individuals or organizations that on the basis of one or more shared concerns, attempts to influence public policy in its favor usually by lobbying members of the government. Interest groups influence on policy making is not a corrupt or illegitimate activity per se, but a key element of the decision-making process. However, disproportionate and opaque interest group influence may lead to administrative corruption, undue influence, and state capture, favoring particular interest groups at the expense of public interest. Transparency is thus key to ensure that policy-makers do not give preferential treatment for specific interest groups. Regulations on lobbying, Conflict of interest, asset.


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