Human Intelligence is not Based on Genes Essay

Human Intelligence is not Based on Genes Essay

Length: 863 words (2.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Based on Nisbett, experience and environments has a greater impact on people’s intelligence than biology. In some case, scientists have implied that the point difference in IQ is due to a genetic difference between races. However, research has demonstrated that the evidence profoundly favors the view that race differences in I.Q., the measure of intellectual functioning, are in fact environmental rather than genetic. According to Wade, Tavris, and Garry, they seem to also agree with Nisbett in that experience and environments has a greater impact on people’s intelligence. An example they gave was the tomato. Even though both seeds are genetically different from one another, the average differences between the two pots could be environmental.

Heritability means the proportion or percentage of perceives differences in a specific attribute that can be credited to genetic factors rather than environmental. This means heritability may not be the results of a biological study, but instead heritability estimates derives from a statistical analysis of a given population. An example of heritability is comparing people who are more closely biologically related vs. people who are less. You are going to share more of your genes with one of your siblings, 50%, rather than one of your cousins, 12.5%.

Some scientists have believed that I.Q. tests are “culturally biased”; they believe whites were born with a higher intellect than other people of different ethnicities. The authors of both articles, however, agree human intelligence is not base on genes, but rather the environmental factor. According to the research and evidence mention in the articles, the authors believe the genetics basis for the I.Q. differential is indirect. Meaning a tr...


... middle of paper ...


...n of the children greatly influence on how healthy the environment is. The higher the I.Q. the children have the more successful and prosperous his/her environment is. In contrast, the lower the I.Q. the children have the more poverty and pollution the environment has. An example is mentioned in the article Our Human Diversity: The Case of Intelligence; country such as Kenya is experiencing a rapid growth due to an increase in intelligence. This allows improvement in education, healthcare, diets, and job opportunities.

Psychology is the scientific discipline concerned with the human mind and behavior. It uses the understanding of people, their thoughts, and their emotions to help solve human problems. In the case of Wade, Tavris, Garry, and Nisbett, I believe psychologist study intelligence to help improve people’s lives and the condition of their environment.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Is Intelligence Determined By Genetics Or The Environment? Essay

- Is Intelligence Determined by Genetics or the Environment. The word “intelligence” has no single meaning but it is universally associated with knowledge, mental capability, an amount of reasoning, judgement, and cognitive function. Throughout different eras, the idea of intelligence became an attribute that was wanted, very profitable and was looked for. With time passing, humans began to discover how and why intelligence can vary throughout different people. The question whether intelligence is determined by heredity or the environment has caused intense debates that lead many to believe it is both, but to what extent....   [tags: Intelligence quotient, Intelligence, Flynn effect]

Better Essays
1045 words (3 pages)

What Is Intelligence As The Capacity For Learning, Reasoning, Understanding, And Formal Operational Periods

- Dictionary.com defines intelligence as the capacity for learning, reasoning, understanding, and similar forms of mental activity; aptitude in grasping truths, relationships, facts, meanings, etc (intelligence, 2016). What does this mean and how does it apply to the average person. For the purpose of this paper I will be using theories from Piaget (Concrete-operational and Formal-operational periods), Gardner (Multiple intelligences) and Sternberg (Triarch) in an attempt to gain better insight into human intelligence....   [tags: Theory of multiple intelligences, Intelligence]

Better Essays
1142 words (3.3 pages)

The Role of Genes in the Development of Behavior Essay

- The Role of Genes in the Development of Behavior The debate concerning the influence of genes on human behavior has been on-going for centuries. The nature vs. nurture (or heredity Vs. environment) debates are one of the longest running, and most controversial, both inside and outside psychology. It is concerned with some of the most fundamental questions a human being could ask, such as 'Why are we they way we are?' and 'why do we develop as we do?' Historically this debate has been fought from extreme perspectives, arguing that it is either nature (an individuals heredity genetic make up), or nurture (the environmental influences upon an individual) that determi...   [tags: human behaviour]

Better Essays
3046 words (8.7 pages)

Essay on Nature vs. Nurture and the Impacts on Human Intelligence

- In current times many psychologists agree that nature (genes) and nurture (environment) both play important roles in the sculpting of intelligence in individuals, they work together constantly to guide maturity. This paper will look briefly at how intelligence is measured and the validity of those measurements. Additionally an argument for how environmental factors; education and parental health may influence the intelligence level of the individual throughout life. The Wechsler scales, among others are one of the most widely individually administered measures of cognitive function (Wechsler, 1997) and together with other psychometric assessments have proved useful for identifying students...   [tags: Intelect, Environment]

Better Essays
1761 words (5 pages)

Essay about Can Personality And Level Of Intelligence Be Changed?

- Can Personality and level of intelligence be changed. Is it possible for someone to change his or her personality. Even though it seems odd, the answer is yes. The first considerable thing is the meaning of personality. As we all know, “personality means an individual’s characteristic and relatively consistent pattern of thinking, feeling, and behaving.” Most people think that personality is unique and encoded in our genes and impossible to change, but the truth is personality can be changed just like many other things....   [tags: Human, Religion, Thought, Change]

Better Essays
1039 words (3 pages)

Essay about Nature vs Nurture: Do Genes Or Environment Matter More?

- Nature versus nurture has emerged as one of the most heated debates in the 21st century. It is more aligned towards the internal and external factors that comprise human beings behavior. The internal factors are innate and perceived to be genetically revolved as opposed to the external factors that are influenced by the environment and individuals’ experiences. However, scholars in different fields have researched on the relationship between nature and nurture without due success and this has created gaps for further research on this topic....   [tags: child development, psychology]

Better Essays
1310 words (3.7 pages)

Psychology Is The Study Of The Human Mind Essay

- Psychology means the “study of the human mind”. The field of psychology is in terms of time, is relatively new to the science circuit. Many men and women have come and gone since the time of Wilhelm Wundt and William James. Even in the infancy of psychology the “founding fathers” had different positions on what psychology meant and how it should be perceived and used. Wilhelm Wundt, known as the “father of experimental psychology” founded the first psychological laboratory in Leipzig, Germany in 1879....   [tags: Psychology, Sigmund Freud, Human behavior]

Better Essays
2305 words (6.6 pages)

Essay on Similarities Between Human And Chimpanzees

- Through many centuries of passionate research and dedication on behalf of scientists worldwide, the general consensus among them is that human’s and ape’s are overwhelmingly similar. Years of research, comparison and evaluation have allowed for scientists and science enthusiasts to draw conclusions about not only the similarities between human’s and chimps, but how those similarities translate to similarities and differences between human’s and their behavior. Despite valid and accurate conclusions being drawn, Marks notes significant examples of scientists incorrectly using apes to draw conclusions between human behavior and differences overall, as seen in his noted examples regarding diffe...   [tags: Brain, Human, Scientific method, Chimpanzee]

Better Essays
925 words (2.6 pages)

Essay on Behavioral Genetic Determinism: Do Genes Equal Behavior?

- Behavioral Genetic Determinism: Do Genes Equal Behavior. Human behavior is a loosely defined foundation for individuality, generally considered to be influenced and developed by the environment. However, recent molecular studies have exposed genetic factors that suggest a more biological origin for behavior. Gene segments in the genome of humans and other animals have been identified and associated with particular behavioral traits. Is it possible that the presence or absence of even a single gene may predispose one to alcoholism, increased irritability, or enhanced intelligence....   [tags: Science Biology Biological Essays]

Better Essays
2513 words (7.2 pages)

The Processes by Which Genes and Environment Operate Together to Influence Development

- The Processes by Which Genes and Environment Operate Together to Influence Development Psychologists have argued for centuries over which has played the larger role in child development, heredity or environment. The British philosopher John Locke (1632 –1704) proposed one of the first theories in the seventeenth century. Locke believed that a child was born with an empty mind, tabula rasa (meaning “blank slate”) and that everything the child learns comes from experience, nothing is established beforehand....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
1592 words (4.5 pages)