How Safe Are Antidepressants Really? Essay

How Safe Are Antidepressants Really? Essay

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How safe are antidepressants really? However, before we can address this issues, I will first define what antidepressants are and what they are used for. Well, I believe that it can be deuced that antidepressants are used to treat depression. The Mayo Clinic defines depression as “… a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Also called major depressive disorder or clinical depression, it affects how you feel, think and behave and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. You may have trouble doing normal day-to-day activities, and sometimes you may feel as if life isn 't worth living” (Mayo). Depression is also one of the leading diseases worldwide. According to Nature Magazine author Heidi Ledford writes in her article ‘Depression Could Finally Get as Much Biomedical Attention as Cancer’ that, “more than 350 million people are affected by depression, making it one of the most common disorders in the world. It is the biggest cause of disability, and as many as two-thirds of those who commit suicide have the condition” (Ledford para. 1). As you could imagine, antidepressant would be one of the most widely prescribed drugs around the world. But what exactly do they do? Antidepressants are supposed to help alleviate symptoms of depression, like, as described by the Mayo Clinic, feelings of sadness, emptiness, worthlessness, hopelessness, changes in appetite, lack of energy, loss of interest in normal activities, anxiety, agitation, trouble thinking or concentrating, and thoughts of death and suicide. Like many drugs there are not just one type of antidepressants. There are about six different classes/types, that an antidepressant could fall in. The class or type of antidepressa...

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...ound were misshaped skulls, mostly found with use of Prozac, and the protruding of the baby’s intestines on the outside of the body and anencephaly, or in basic terms, parts of the brain and skull are missing, were most commonly found with use of Paxil. Then both drugs were found to be associated with heart defects in newborns. The authors of this study did take note that the “risks appeared to be small” (Wulfhorst para 8), and that their study could only show a link between the birth defects and the use of these antidepressants, not prove that they caused the defects. Taking all these studies into account, it seems that antidepressant use during pregnancy may be causing a lot more trouble than it is helping. From a Utilitarian point of view, this seems to not be resulting in the greatest amount of “happiness” so it may be stopped, to prevent further harm being done.

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