The Recreation, Renewal or Relaxation Theory was proposed by Moritz Lazarus (1883) and extended by philosopher G. T. W. Patrick (1916), offered an interpretation of play that it is an effective approach to eliminate fatigue and exhaustion (Finlay, 2015). From the recreation viewpoint, play is crucial recuperative mechanism to remove tiredness and restore physical strength (Finlay, 2015). Lazarus held an opposite view of the The Surplus-Energy Theory, he argued that the aim of playing was to conserve or restore energy instead of consuming surplus energy (McLean, Rogers, Hurd, & Krau, 2005, p. 27). He differentiated between physical and mental energy, emphasized that the brain could fulfill energy after different activities especially the physical exercise (McLean et al., 2005, p. 27). G. T. W. Patrick (1916) suggested that play derived from the demand for relaxation (Kenneth, Rubin, Greta, & Brian, 1983, p. 696). According to Patrick, play or the practice of “racially old” actives such as hunting and fishing can allay fatigue caused by mentally strai...
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...ldren are playing with sand, the educator should observe each child carefully, encouraging them to solve the problems themselves and consider their feelings (Crosser, n.d.). Moreover, the educator should interactive with children responsively and positively. She /He can ask questions including “What do you think/ feel about playing with sand?” “Is there another way to build the castle?” (Crosser, n.d.). Accordingly, the educator would know whether children are pleasant and engaging in playing. Teachers are acting as scribe as well. During this period, the educator needs to identify children who may need additional attention or assistance, especially for those children who are unhappy or even have mental health problems. The educator may need to make a record for them if these children are particularly keen on playing with sand or they would have a better mood.
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