Homeless is a convenient label for a variety of objective and subjective conditions of impoverish (Gory, M.l., Ritchey, F.J., & Mullis, J.,1990: Phelan, Link, Moore and Stueve, 1997). One serious obstacle to the study of homeless is the lack of characteristics of homelessness. National Heath Care for the Homeless (2016) shared there are groups of people who experience homelessness in different ways, but all homelessness is characterized by extreme poverty coupled with a lack of stable housing (Lee, Tyler & Wright, 2010). According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary (2016), homelessness refers to “having no home or permanent place of residence.” Persons who are housed marginally are defined as homeless. Others define homeless as people who had spent their nights in an emergency shelter, motel or home of a relative or friend (Stein & Gelberg, 1997). Literal homelessness expands this definition by including individuals sleeping on the streets, in cars, abandoned buildings, tunnels, bus stations, parks, and similar places (Eyrich-Garg O’Leary, & Cottler, 2008). While the Department of Housing and Urban Development (2016) primarily focus is the chronic homeless. The definition of chronic homeless, is determined by someone who has experienced homelessness for a year or longer, or who has experienced at least four episodes of homelessness in the last three years, and has a disability. “Confusion in the definition for homeless has led to many subsequent confusions” (Quigley, 1996). In the meantime, stressors for individuals experiencing homeless due to lack of stable housing is the need for shelter, food and their health. DataHaven ( 2003) community indicators reported “ lack of stable housing arrangements interferes ...
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Homeless people have specific problems predisposing them to infectious diseases and hygiene issues. Treatment is complicated by the self-neglect and lack to follow through on medical care.
The homeless is the least healthy, presumably because prolonged homeless harms health - via stress, crowding in shelters, dietary and hygiene shortcoming (Lee, Tyler & Wright, 2010).
Therefore, regardless of how homelessness is perceived, something has to be done. Providing some essential needs for basic care are beneficial for those that does not occupy the need as their top priority of their hierarchy of needs.
Poor nutritional status or HIV infection predispose homeless people to respiratory disease (Wright, & Tompkins, 2006).
Therefore, survival kits could fulfill some of the need of the homeless with basic needs such as toiletries, warm gear and nutritional snacks.
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