The Ottoman dynasty was the longest lasting Islamic dynasty which began to establish itself around the 13th century, governing over Turkey and the eastern Mediterranean until WW I (later abolishing the dynasty system and forming the modern state of Turkey). The Ottoman Turks started as one of many borderland settlements on the edge of the Byzantine Empire in northwestern Anatolia after the Saljuq Turkish state in Anatolia collapsed and disburse from the aftermath of Mongol invasions. After many years of vexing the Byzantines, the armies of Osman captured the city of Byzantine city of Prusa (or Brousa) in 1326 and later renaming the city as Bursa. They transformed Bursa after its capture by buildings a series of kulliye (religious complexes with usually includes a mosque, a madrasa, a hamam, a public soup kitchen called an imaret, a fountain and the tomb of the founder of the complex and his/her family) that acted as the centers of new neighborhoods on the outskirts of the Byzantine town. Though having much control over Anatolia and majority of what had been Byzantine Greece, Otto...
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... adornment of Safavid monuments makes them different from the Timurids and from the Ottoman Turks, their rival dynasty.
To conclude, architecture for both the Ottomans and Safavids rely upon on the distinct areas in which they conquered over and adapting parts of the past dynasties architecture into their own (in addition to the availability of raw materials). One cohesive thing that is recognizable is the attention to detail, either using characters and floral tessellations as the focal point or using the simplicity of the geometric form. With that being said, over time the Ottoman dynasty declined from the more extensive patterns for more of a simplistic look while their rivals the Safavids indulged in an abundance of beautiful design. Ultimately, it is much appreciated the impact from other cultures and religions are apparent, however the architecture was composed.
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