Glucagon For Hypoglycemi A Hormone That Helps The Liver Release Stored Glucose
1282 Words6 Pages
Glucagon for Hypoglycemia
Glucagon is a hormone that helps the liver release stored glucose in the bloodstream when the blood sugar is low. Glucagon is an injectable medication to help hypoglycemic diabetics if they have passed out due to hypoglycemia. Glucagon kits are available by prescription and should be given if the diabetic is having severe symptoms. The caregiver should be taught how to give glucagon. If unsure what to do, call 911. Talking to the doctor about your hypoglycemic range is important because every diabetic ranges what is considered hypoglycemic for them.
Hyperglycemia, or a high blood sugar (more than 240 mg/dl), can quickly lead a diabetic to feel the following symptoms:
• High blood sugar
• High sugar in the urine
• Urinating often
• Very thirsty
Hyperglycemia happens if a type 2 diabetic is not getting enough insulin due to insulin not being managed well, insulin resistance, eating too much, exercising less, or an illness.
Not treating severe hyperglycemia can be life threatening. A life threatening condition called ketoacidosis, also known as a diabetic coma can be the result.
Signs of ketoacidosis include:
• Becoming short of breath
• Fruity breath
• Nausea and vomiting
• Extremely dry mouth
Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome (HHNS) is another life threatning condition that effects older type 2 diabetics. HHNS is caused by extremely high blood sugar levels leading the blood to turn to a syrup consistanct. This condition usually develops over days or weeks. This is a very serious conditions that require immediate treatment.
Signs and symptoms of HHNS include:
• blood sugar reading higher than 600 mg/dL (or the meter may just say too high)
• dry mouth
• extreme thirst
• fever g...
... middle of paper ...
...emia and hyperglycemia is ideal for a diabetic. Adjusting insulin dosages and monitoring blood sugar, diet, and exercise can help.
There will be a team for the diabetic to become familiar with to help manage type 2 diabetes day to day. This may include:
• an endocrinologist
• primary doctor
• diabetic educator
• social worker
• eye doctor
• foot doctor
In the beginning type 2 diabetes seems unmanageable. Overtime, with much diligence, the disease is manageable and diabetics usually get to know their bodies better than those without diabetes. You are not alone in your diagnosis. Diabetes can be very overwhelming, but support is available and a team of doctors and dietitians can help manage diabetes day to day.
Talking in support groups with others who have type 2 diabetes can be encouraging and helpful. They can share experiences and helpful information.