Genetic Modification Of Food Crops Essay example

Genetic Modification Of Food Crops Essay example

Length: 1059 words (3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Extracting genes from a bacteria, loading it into a microscopic gun and shooting it into the DNA structure of a plant sounds like something taken from a science fiction novel. In fact, it is a very real process called Transgenesis. Transgenesis, also known as Genetic Modification or GM for short, allows scientists to introduce foreign genes into a living organism to force the organism to exhibit a trait that otherwise, would not occur naturally or through selective cross breeding. Genetic Modification of food crops holds the potential to feed earth’s increasing population, improving human health, and could pave the way for advancements in a clean burning, alternative fuel sources known as biofuel. Conversely, there is an ever growing controversy surrounding the potential health risks, damage to the environment and effects on non-target organisms and ecosystems due to the use of Genetically Modified Organisms.
According to the United Nations, Earth’s human population reached 7 Billion in 2011. Securing enough food to feed not only the human population but the livestock which supports us, has been an ever growing concern. The United Nations estimates more than 900 million people worldwide are undernourished and expects this to worsen by 2050 when the Earth’s population increases by 50%. GM varieties of crops such as corn and soybeans offer better yields and increased resistance to pests than non-GM varieties. In addition, GM crops offer other advantages including increased resistance to disease, drought, cold climate, and pests and herbicides. With such enhancements, we have a greater chance at sustaining conventional methods of agriculture and cattle-breeding while conserving precious resources to secure our future for ge...

... middle of paper ...

...tebrates, there is the possibility of GM plants limiting the biodiversity of the surrounding environments. In every ecosystem, there is a finely tuned food chain where plants play a central role.
After reviewing both ends of the spectrum, I’ve concluded there is substantial evidence of both positive and negative impacts of GM crops. GM plants have the potential to advance the field of medicine, feed earth’s ever growing population and reduce carbon emissions by reducing the burning of carbon fuels. At the same time, we must be aware of potential dangers to ensure we are not causing harm to not only humans, but to the delicate ecosystems that sustain life. There will always be a coexistence between the known and unknown risks associated with the genetic modification of organisms that we must be mindful of when deciding what is best for both humanity and our home.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Genetic Modification Food in Our Lives Essay

- ... Scientist has discovered that G.M.F can leave material inside of us which can cause long- term problems. Several investigations have proven that genetic modified material that’s been placed inside soy, can be inserted into our DNA’s, several cases have surfaced with pregnant women finding genetic modified solutions in their blood and also the blood of their unborn fetus. Health problems have skyrocketed since the 1990’s since G.M.F was introduced. Allergies in 1990’s were at 7% but jumped to 13% in 9 years due to Genetically Modified Foods....   [tags: defects, crops, pesticides]

Strong Essays
793 words (2.3 pages)

Genetic Modification of Food Essay

- ... GM crops may be less susceptible to insect related diseases or viruses and may tolerate herbicides better. A gene originating in bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) produces a toxin. It can be introduced into plants to make them more insect-resistant. Introducing genes from disease-causing viruses into the plants enables them to develop a resistance to the viruses. Some bacteria have specific genes, which make them resistant to herbicides. Consequently, introducing this gene into plants makes them more resistance to some herbicides....   [tags: genetic engineering, GMOs, biotechnolgy]

Strong Essays
3180 words (9.1 pages)

Cons of Genetic Modification of Plants Essay

- In our everyday lives we have a substantial need for food. Everyone on planet earth needs food to survive from day to day, so engineers have begun mutating plants and crops to create a better source of nutrition to the population. Scientists are pushing the boundaries in order to create the most bountiful crops and, in turn, healthier people. Imagine what could happen if there were larger harvests, more succulent fruits and nutritious vegetables. Our imagination can run wild with the endless possibilities of genetic alteration of food....   [tags: Genetic Engineering ]

Strong Essays
1011 words (2.9 pages)

Ethics of Genetic Modification Technology Essay

- Modern society is on the verge of a biotechnological revolution: the foods we eat no longer serve simply to feed us, but to feed entire nations, to withstand natural disasters, and to deliver preventative vaccination. Much of this technology exists due to the rapid development of genetic modification, and today’s genetically modified crops are only the tip of the proverbial iceberg. Says Robert T. Fraley, chief technology officer for biotech giant Monsanto, “It’s like computers in the 1960s. We are just at the beginning of the explosion of technology we are going to see." Biotechnology’s discontents are numerous and furious, declaring the efforts of corporations of Monsanto to be dangerous...   [tags: Genetic Engineering]

Strong Essays
776 words (2.2 pages)

Genetic Engineering : The Modification Of An Organism Essay

- Genetic engineering (GE) is the modification of an organism’s genetic composition by artificial means, often involving the transfer of specific traits, or genes, from one organism into a plant or animal of an entirely different species. When gene transfer occurs, the resulting organism is called transgenic or a GMO (genetically modified organism). Genetic engineering is different from traditional cross breeding, where genes can only be exchanged between closely related species. With genetic engineering, genes from completely different species can be inserted into one another....   [tags: DNA, Genetic engineering]

Strong Essays
1330 words (3.8 pages)

Current Negative Social Views On Genetic Modification Essay

- Current negative social views on Genetic Modification (GM) dictate that research of long-term side effects should be encouraged, alongside the encouragement of GM food production. Genetic modification, or the act of artificially altering the DNA of organisms via a method known as gene splicing (Schmidt 2005, A.527), a method in which a section of DNA in a gene is removed and replaced with DNA from another source. Gene splicing in GM improves a food source known to be vulnerable to a specific disease, insect or an environmental concern such as drought; for example, splicing genes into drought-susceptible maize to make it drought-resistant....   [tags: Genetic engineering, Genetically modified food]

Strong Essays
1539 words (4.4 pages)

Essay on Genetically Modified Crops

- “Civilization rests on people’s ability to modify plants to make them more suitable as food, feed and fiber plants and all of these modifications are genetic” (American Association 1). This quote from the article “Statement by the AAAS Board of Directors On Labeling of Genetically Modified Foods” expresses that fact that humans have used the favorable genes of plants since the days of Gregor Mendel, the father of genetics. When plants exhibited a desirable trait, they were bred together so that more of the offspring would have that trait....   [tags: GM, food, genetic engineering, danger, benefits]

Strong Essays
1162 words (3.3 pages)

Gentic Modification of Crops for Antibiotic Resistance Essay

- Antibiotics are applied to biotechnology crops to eliminate the bacterial infections. According to GMO Compass (2006), the desired crops are modified by using the methods of recombinant DNA. Antibiotic resistance gene (ABR) is used as selectable marker genes when inserting the desired gene into plant cells. The plant is allowed to grow in a solution containing the corresponding antibiotics. The plant cells in which successfully transformed grown up as living modified organisms (GMO Compass, 2006)....   [tags: bacteria, plants, transformation]

Strong Essays
682 words (1.9 pages)

Genetic Modification Essay

- Genetic Modification The development of genetically modified food is the most controversial development in farming and the food industry for centuries. Throughout history man has developed new methods of farming and new types of food but GM food represents a revolutionary change compared to the evolutionary process that has ruled up to now. Scientists have developed methods of manipulating DNA, by transferring it from one organism to another. Characteristics such as the height to which wheat grows are encoded into molecules of DNA of all living things....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
729 words (2.1 pages)

GM Crops Essay

- GM Crops In February 2004, Environment Secretary Margaret Beckett announced that commercial planting of some GM crops would commence in the United Kingdom following approval of genetically-modified maize within the scientific community. The Daily Mail responded to the announcement by stating that ‘the decision - by the Government's Advisory Committee on Releases to the Environment - flies in the face of official polls showing 90 per cent of people oppose the genetic modification of crops and food’1....   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
1529 words (4.4 pages)