Genetic Modification Of Food Crops Essay example

Genetic Modification Of Food Crops Essay example

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Extracting genes from a bacteria, loading it into a microscopic gun and shooting it into the DNA structure of a plant sounds like something taken from a science fiction novel. In fact, it is a very real process called Transgenesis. Transgenesis, also known as Genetic Modification or GM for short, allows scientists to introduce foreign genes into a living organism to force the organism to exhibit a trait that otherwise, would not occur naturally or through selective cross breeding. Genetic Modification of food crops holds the potential to feed earth’s increasing population, improving human health, and could pave the way for advancements in a clean burning, alternative fuel sources known as biofuel. Conversely, there is an ever growing controversy surrounding the potential health risks, damage to the environment and effects on non-target organisms and ecosystems due to the use of Genetically Modified Organisms.
According to the United Nations, Earth’s human population reached 7 Billion in 2011. Securing enough food to feed not only the human population but the livestock which supports us, has been an ever growing concern. The United Nations estimates more than 900 million people worldwide are undernourished and expects this to worsen by 2050 when the Earth’s population increases by 50%. GM varieties of crops such as corn and soybeans offer better yields and increased resistance to pests than non-GM varieties. In addition, GM crops offer other advantages including increased resistance to disease, drought, cold climate, and pests and herbicides. With such enhancements, we have a greater chance at sustaining conventional methods of agriculture and cattle-breeding while conserving precious resources to secure our future for ge...


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...tebrates, there is the possibility of GM plants limiting the biodiversity of the surrounding environments. In every ecosystem, there is a finely tuned food chain where plants play a central role.
After reviewing both ends of the spectrum, I’ve concluded there is substantial evidence of both positive and negative impacts of GM crops. GM plants have the potential to advance the field of medicine, feed earth’s ever growing population and reduce carbon emissions by reducing the burning of carbon fuels. At the same time, we must be aware of potential dangers to ensure we are not causing harm to not only humans, but to the delicate ecosystems that sustain life. There will always be a coexistence between the known and unknown risks associated with the genetic modification of organisms that we must be mindful of when deciding what is best for both humanity and our home.

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