At first glance, circumstances seem to be improving for women’s political advancement. Women such as Hilary Clinton and Nancy Palosi have accomplished incredible milestones toward attaining positions of influence as Secretary of State and Speaker of the House, respectfully. Not to mention their successes as United State Congresswomen. Women also are making great strides in the pursuit of education. In 2009, the National Center for Education Statistics discovered that “ 57.2 percent of Bachelor Degrees, 60.4 percent of Masters Degrees, and 52.3 percent of Doctoral Degrees awarded in the U.S. were awarded to women” (U.S. Dept.).
The Pew Research Center surveyed 2,250 participants and found that “when it comes to honesty, intelligence and a handful of other character traits they value highly in leaders, the public rates women superior to men” (Pew Research ). In the text, Women in Politics: Outsiders or Insiders, Sarah Poggione states that “increased women’s representation is expected to bring not only new issues to the attention of government but also new governmental solutions to what were previously considered individual problems” (Duke Whitaker 178). The research not only indicates women as capable leaders, but also establishes their full political incorporation as fundamental in maintaining a stable democracy.
While women have made great progress in realizing higher levels of economic stability and autonomy, a glass ceiling continues to limit the advancement of women to spheres of real political influence. As of 2014, 99 of the 535 U. S. Congressional seats were filled by women, and only 75 women on the state level currently hold elected executive positions (Center for American Women and Politics). Such st...
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...me a Long Way, Baby? Hillary Clinton, Sarah Palin, and Sexism in 2008 Campaign Coverage.” Communication Studies. 2009. 60(4): 326-343.
Carroll, Susan J. “Reflections on Gender and Hillary Clinton’s Presidential Campaign: The Good, the Bad, and the Misogynic.” Politics & Gender. 2009. 5(1): 1-20.
Lawless, Jennifer L. and Fox, Richard L. ”Men Rule: The Continued Under-Representation of Women in U.S. Politics. Women and Politics Institute. 2012 Washington, D.C.
Okimoto, Tyler G. and Brescoll, Victoria L. “The Price of Power: Power Seeking and Backlash Against Female Politicians.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 2010. 36(7): 923-936.
Heflick, N. A., & Goldenberg, J. L. (2009). Objectifying Sarah Palin: Evidence that objectification causes women to be perceived as less competent and less fully human. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, 598-601.
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