Free Will And The Theory Of Determinism Essay

Free Will And The Theory Of Determinism Essay

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Humans have always question if we have free will or if we are unconsciously control by someone, and to understand or to answer the question, first we have to understand what is free will. According to the oxford dictionary, free will is the power of acting without the constraint of necessity or fate; the ability to act at one’s own discretion. However, most philosophers have decided that there might not be one single concept for the definition of free will.
The question of free will has been around for ages and philosopher have taken sides. There are philosophers who do believe that humans have free will that we have choices, we control our lives, etc. and same as those philosophers I firmly believe that humans have free will.
On the other side, there is the philosophy of Determinism, which states that all events are determined by external causes to the will and with this doctrine some philosophers have imply that humans beings have no free will and cannot be morally responsible for their actions. Also the theory of Determinism is based on metaphysical principle, which says that is not possible to have uncaused events and is supported by scientist discovering of causes of behaviors or causes of natural disasters.
Determinism is divided into two branches, Hard Determinism and Soft Determinism. First I will focus on Hard Determinism, which is the position of Determinism being incompatible with both human freedom and moral responsibility. Moreover hard determinism states all acts can be reduce to Biological, behavioral and psychological theories and those three theories are the most dominants forms of Determinism.
The first theory Behavioral Determinism, lasted until 1950 and in the present’s days has some strong followers. This t...


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...ore and some less, but is a matter on how much is developed to make a real good use of it.
Thirdly, the psychological determinism, which states that all behavior has a psychological cause. Agreeing with this theory would be saying that all humans’ beings since they are born have a psychological problem, which is clearly not true. Accepting that every human being with a psychological problem cannot control themselves or their emotions and denying their freedom. Sigmund Freud was a clear supporter of this theory. On the contrary Eric Fromm argues that “all of us have the potential to control our own lives but that many of us are too afraid to do so.” Every human being has freedom, has free will, it just some of us are afraid of that freedom and afraid to lose ourselves. Denying our freedom is saying I do not get to choose how to live myself and what to do with it.

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