The Canadian identity has changed through the years from the makeup of ethnicities, culture and values but all these changes are kept within a normative standard. The state has a stake in minimising conflict and diversity at the expense of the minority. Political writers theorise on the motive for government actions with the two primary theories being Foucault’s “biopolitics” and Agamben’s “state of exception”. Biopolitics stresses the importance of biology and how the government seeks to protect life rather than condemn, creating an effective and optimised population for capitalism. The state of exception focuses on the state consolidating power during perceived times of need, often at the expense of civil liberties. Using both these theories, the events described in this essay are explained by viewing the state acting in defense from minorities seeking change. The status quo refers to the Canadian state maintaining the normative majority on topics concerning diversity such as class, race, language, culture, sex, and gender among others. A biopolitical criteria means using those topics and judging the minority on their value. By illuminating the fundamental issues minorities face this essay will first contest multiculturalism is an imagined projection by Canadians as the state actions are intolerant to diversity. This will be proven by going through various instances of Canadian, European and American history to find inconsistencies contrary to the openness and diversity many Canadians believe. As the second argument of my paper I will dissect how the state governs with a normativity standard, selectively crafting the Canadian identity. This dissection of the state will prove the biopolitical criteria used by the state...
... middle of paper ...
...Radical History Review 1.100 (2008): 38-59. Print.
Kymlicka, Will. "The Current State of Multiculturalism in Canada." Report on Multiculturalism 1 (2010): 6-21. The Current State of Multiculturalism in Canada. Web. 16 Dec. 2013.
Lawerence, Bonita, and Enakhsi Dua. "Decolonizing Antiracism." Social Justice 32.4 (2005): 120-143. Print.
Monture, Patricia. "Standing Against Canadian Law: Naming Omissions of Race, Culture, and Gender." Yearbook of New Zealand Jurisprudence 2.1 (1998): 7-30. Print.
Osterlund, Katherine. "Love, Freedom, and Governance: Same-Sex Marriage in Canada." Social & Legal Studies 18.1 (2009): 93-109. Print.
Titchkosky, Tanya. "Governing Embodiment." The Canadian Journal of Sociology 28.4 (2003): 517-542. Print.
Vukov, Tamara. "Imagining Communities through Immigration Policies." International Journal of Cultural Studies 6.3 (2003): 335-353. Print.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- ... He thinks about the law in a way that separates it from what is held by authority normally and stations it in a new place, a new stage where it becomes the law while remaining a distinctive. The state of exception needs to reach a point where it can hold together the two aspects, law and life, and create a limit between them. Agamben suggests that an alternative is to show the artificiality and violence within the current system where law and life are bound ambiguously, and to a point where the exception extends and overarching negative influence.... [tags: life, privacy, living]
1489 words (4.3 pages)
- Introduction Michel Foucault and Erving Goffman’s work was centralised around there two different concepts of how your identity is formed through the process of power and expert knowledge. This Essay will discuss the ideas of Michel Foucault who was a French Social Theorist. His theories addressed the relationship between power and knowledge and how both of these are used as a form of social control through society. The essay will look at Foucault’s work in The Body and Sexuality, Madness and Civilisation and Discipline and Punish which displays how he conceptualised Power and identity on a Marxist and macro basis of study.... [tags: analysis, michael foucault, erving goffman]
1988 words (5.7 pages)
- Within this paper, I shall evaluate the usefulness of selected examples of Foucault’s theories from a feminist perspective. To begin, a short introduction will outline the era in which Foucault wrote, as this has been seen as influential to his work, inspiring him to move away from the former ideological ways of thinking about the world (Taylor and Vintges 2004, Mills 1997). I shall then go on to consider the changing nature of feminism, which has moved on from viewing patriarchy and men as the oppressors of women, and is persistently developing more complex analyses of the ways in which gendered power relations operate.... [tags: stalinism, michel foucault, feminism]
959 words (2.7 pages)
- In Foucault’s writing of Panopticon, he defines Panopticon as a mechanism of power used in regulating the society and the community which people are living in . Foucault discusses how rules, policies and laws are applied towards the society and how existence of hierarchy in the society has assigned individuals to play each of their own roles. Power is a natural constructed element embedded into the society. Moreover, Panopticon serves as a homogenous mixture between the process of the power and power schema, in addition , anyone from the outside world has the accessible passage towards this integrated disciplined model.... [tags: Foucault, Panopticon, sociology, government, ]
1003 words (2.9 pages)
- Foucault and the Theories of Power and Identity Foucault believed that power is never in any one person?s hands, it does not show itself in any obvious manner but rather as something that works its way into our imaginations and serves to constrain how we act. For example in the setting of a workplace the power does not pass from the top down; instead it circulates through their organizational practices. Such practices act like a grid, provoking and inciting certain courses of action and denying others.... [tags: Foucault Power Philosophy Essays]
1364 words (3.9 pages)
- Liberalism is a governance ideology. In contrast, Foucault presents neoliberalism as an approach that was followed in a series of market and government decisions, rather than as an ideology. These ideas, of liberalism and neoliberalism, were both explored in Michel Foucault’s manuscript The Birth of Biopolitics (Foucault 1978-1979), in the eighteenth century English context for the former, and the twentieth century American context for the latter. For the purposes of this paper, the liberalism of eighteenth century England will be referred to as ‘classical liberalism’, and the neoliberalism of twentieth century United States will be referred to simply as ‘neoliberalism’.... [tags: Government]
1698 words (4.9 pages)
- Foucault's "Discipline and Punish" and "Power and Sex" Every great architect is - necessarily - a great poet. He must be a great original interpreter of his time, his day, his age- Frank Lloyd Wright Darkness is meant to conceal, light is meant to expose, and there is power intrinsically imbued in both of these. Murderers hide in the dark, waiting for their victims, and the atrocities of different countries are hidden in history and official memos and propaganda. At the same time, light exerts power because it illuminates, it discovers, it creates vulnerability on all it touches.... [tags: foucault discipline punish power Sex Essays]
1726 words (4.9 pages)
- ... The aliens are subjected to unfair treatment due to the biopolitics that take place with the human population. The government ran by the humans’, uses biopolitics as a “negative power of exclusion and annihilation,” towards the aliens, rather than to their benefit (Prozorov 191). The humans feel as though the aliens do not belong, and that they should be pushed to the ghettos. Many feel this way because of their own xenophobia. The government uses biopolitics to create a state of exception, where laws that were once protecting the aliens are removed and “the sovereign no longer have limitations” (Bourke, 4).... [tags: Disrict 9, biopolitics]
2001 words (5.7 pages)
- A student with a compulsive longing for the explanations of why and how things work is a science professor’s dream student. Thus, it would make sense for the first few steps within the science building to intensify that essential characteristic of its students by its very construction. The foyer of the science building evokes this sense of scientific wonder and rational thought through its methodical design, which is embodied at its center by a Foucault pendulum. The Foucault pendulum is named after the French physicist Jean Foucault, who first used it in 1851 to demonstrate the rotation of the Earth.... [tags: earth rotation, physics]
1169 words (3.3 pages)
- Panopticism by Michel Focault Works Cited Not Included “Our society is not one of spectacle, but of surveillance; under the surface of images, one invests bodies in depth; behind the great abstraction of exchange, there continues the meticulous concrete training of useful forces; the circuits of communication are the supports of an accumulation and a centralization of knowledge; the play of signs defines the anchorages of power; it is not that the beautiful totality of the individual is amputated, repressed, altered by our social order, it is rather that the individual is carefully fabricated in it, according to a whole technique of forces and bodies.... [tags: Panopticism Michel Focault Essays Papers]
1238 words (3.5 pages)