The Formation of Arab Nations
Much of the modern political Arab world was born at the end of World War I, as outside powers divided up their shares of territories that were loyal to their regimes. For example, Iraq, Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon came to exist along side the precarious state of Palestine. By World War II, these states had begun to want independence, and the following decades would witness revolution, regime change, violence, and, ultimately, a break from the grips of the Ottoman Empire and European powers (Provence). Today, the so-called “Arab Spring” uprisings, ongoing now for several years, are in part as a result of mid-20th-century political rule and administration by outside powers.
In the early 20th century, the Arab world was composed primarily of nomadic pastoralists in the inland desert regions and urban dwellers along coastal regions occupying key trade outposts (Anderson). While populations shared commonalities, such as language and religion, they had little else in common. This distinction would come to represent a divisive issue after the 1948 establishment of the state of Israel. Prior to this, however, Ottoman officials and European powers, mainly the United Kingdom and France, sought political influence in the region (Provence).
Following the World War I, countries that had expended enormous amounts of blood and treasure felt they had real incentive to involve themselves in peripheral regions and ensure that their political views were supported. For example, young Arab states tended to support Communist parties in their governments. The Ba’ath Party, an Arab party that exists to this day, is one example of this. Early Arab states also embraced Ottoman Empire political traditions, and this was oc...
... middle of paper ...
Long, Jerry M.. Saddam's war of words: politics, religion, and the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2004. Print.
Provence, Michael. The great Syrian revolt and the rise of Arab nationalism. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2005. Print.
Shryock, Andrew. Nationalism and the genealogical imagination oral history and textual authority in tribal Jordan. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997. Print.
Sullivan, Kevin. "In Tunisia, Islamist government paralyzed by middle-class backlash and extremist violence." Washington Post. The Washington Post, 18 Sept. 2013. Web. 9 Feb. 2014.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The Middle East has since time immemorial been on the global scope because of its explosive disposition. The Arab Israeli conflict has not been an exception as it has stood out to be one of the major endless conflicts not only in the region but also in the world. Its impact continues to be felt all over the world while a satisfying solution still remains intangible. A lot has also been said and written on the conflict, both factual and fallacious with some allegations being obviously evocative. All these allegations offer an array of disparate views on the conflict.... [tags: Annotated Bibliography]
1067 words (3 pages)
- ... As a result of Israel’s addition into the UN, five Arabs nations fought in Israel’s War of Independence against the newly admitted state in hopes of creating a Palestine state. Once the war ended, Israel gained more land than they had originally received by the UN, thousands of Arabs fled the area, and caused an influx of Jewish people from Arab countries and Europe to settle in what is now their homeland (“Israel’s War of Independence”). After a second battle, in 1967 an important war took place, named the Six Day War.... [tags: Islam, Muhammad, Qur'an, Israel]
1507 words (4.3 pages)
- During World War II, millions of Jews fled from Germany to escape the brutality of Adolf Hitler. A Zionist movement established that all Jewish refugees were to flee to Palestine, a concept founded by The Jewish State, by Dr. Theodore Herzl, in order to unite all Jews in one holy state. The British were convinced in 1917 by Chaim Weizmann that all Jews needed their own territory in Palestine, and in the early 1920s, the British were given a mandate over Palestine by the League of Nations. Palestinians felt threatened by the rise in Jewish presence in their state, causing widespread fighting in order to expel Jews from the Arabians’ sacred Palestinian land.... [tags: zionism, Jewish migration during & after WWII]
2053 words (5.9 pages)
- Overview of Children’s Rights Movements According to child rights organizations based in the US, legal protection of children began in France in the middle of the 19th century and, subsequently, spread across Europe and to the United States (Child Rights Campaign, nd; Humanium, nd). From inception, concern for children 's rights was mainly a European (Western and Christian) phenomenon. A chronology posted on each of the websites above indicate a turning point in child protection occurred in 1919 with the formation of The League of Nations (now known as the United Nation).... [tags: Human rights, United Nations]
747 words (2.1 pages)
- ... Obama has been working hard to get the Arabs to jump in because it would help other ground forces but its hard to say if the Arab nations are willing to do. I really believe that the Arab nations are must need as well because ISIS is in a lot of those countries and if they could help block goods to is is and help fight them back it would really put a dent in isis . We need to cut off isis money flow by doing that it damages their financial state witch would make it a lot harder for them to keep their orgnisation going.... [tags: United States, Iraq War, Bill Clinton]
706 words (2 pages)
- Israel also held a false optimism about its likelihood of emerging victorious because it was confident that Egypt would not go to war “until certain basic conditions were met, such as Arab air superiority and strategic pan-Arab cooperation” (Asher 11). Under this pretense, which proved to be correct, Israel did not even stop to consider that the Arab Nations, led by Egypt, had a chance at winning war, as the Arab was remained fractured. But this optimism did not cause war. It simply led the Arab Nations to push further and become unreasonably demanding of Israel and its willingness to accept Egyptian terms, a tactic known as brinkmanship.... [tags: World War II, Nuclear weapon, Cold War, Israel]
1321 words (3.8 pages)
- According to Gamal Abdel Nasser’s “Egypt’s Liberations,” as he says “For I Shall always maintain that we are strong. The only trouble is that we do not realize just how strong we are,” in Nasser’s transnational politics, he believes that Arab nations are much stronger and powerful than western countries because of three main sources, religion, location and oil. The first source is that the religion ties both material and moral of Arabian, therefore it helps them create a secure and peaceful world, and make them become very neighborly and united.... [tags: Cold War, World War II, Eastern Bloc]
1147 words (3.3 pages)
- The Arab culture has many different local dialects, where each state has its own individual understood dialect divergent to its neighbouring Arabic speaking countries. Despite this, all Arabs from each dialect have one mutual aspect, they all understand the same Arabic language and it is because of this dynamic that all Arabs are united. The Arab nation states all share a parallel culture, thus when considering Arab hospitality we can say that the ‘communities of the Middle East share a common set of cultural idioms’ (Zubaida, 2000).... [tags: arab culture, anatolia, emirati culture]
2409 words (6.9 pages)
- In light of the activities of Arab nations in their attempts to consolidate nationalistic pride and self-sufficiency using Pan-Arabic ideologies mentioned in the course, it is apparent that the actions of political parties operating under such ideologies have yielded significant ramifications that have echoed into the future, giving rise to new problems. Much of these problems are created by the manner in which those attempting to represent the ideology have conducted while in positions of authority.... [tags: Iraq, Iraq War, Sunni Islam, Saddam Hussein]
1371 words (3.9 pages)
- The Formation of the United Nations Before the United Nations organization was formed we lived in a world of uncertainty where any misunderstanding could lead to a massive world war. Since the United Nations was formed, many issues have been resolved and a number of new groups have been created to make the world more peaceful. The United Nation's intentions are aimed for the future race of people. Their hope is that one day we can all set aside our differences and live together as one. Human kind has fought many wars over a variety of issues; however, the advent of a unified international organization has changed the world and set goals for humanity's future.... [tags: Papers]
943 words (2.7 pages)