Female Excision : A Human Rights Violation Essay

Female Excision : A Human Rights Violation Essay

Length: 1434 words (4.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Female Excision: A Human Rights Violation
Female excision has been widely practiced for hundreds and even thousands of years in certain parts of Africa. This cultural practice is defined by the World Health Organization as any “procedure involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons” (Female Genital Mutilation). Generally, female excision is “performed without anesthetics under septic conditions by practitioners with little or no knowledge of human anatomy or medicine” (Althaus). Some of the medical complications include severe pain (both long and short term), shock, retention of urine, hemorrhage, infection, in some cases death. Psychological effects can include severe anxiety, trauma, and depression (Moen). Despite the fact that the medical short and long term effects of female excision can be fatal, the practice is seen as an essential part of “[a society’s] cultural and ethnic identity” (Althaus). Even though it is established in many communities throughout Africa, female excision is a blatant violation of basic human rights. The justifications for the ancient practice vary; however, in most cases they are deeply rooted in ignorance and discrimination. The argument to continue this age-old tradition is simple minded, illogical and outdated, and the practice should be condemned by all who support universal human rights.
My first contention is that female excision is a violation of human rights because it is a cultural tradition that subjugates and degrades women. Tradition is an important part of any society, but just because something is a tradition does not make it morally right. Many supporters of the continuation of female excision just...


... middle of paper ...


...Rights?" International Family Planning Perspectives. Guttmacher Institute, n.d. Web. 29 Oct. 2015.
"Female Genital Mutilation." WHO. World Health Organization, n.d. Web. 29 Oct. 2015.
"A Human Rights Violation." END FGM // Female Genital Mutilation Is a Gross Violation of Human Rights. Human Dignity Foundation, n.d. Web. 29 Oct. 2015.
Lescure, Sophie. "Female Genital Mutilation." FEMALE GENITAL (n.d.): n. pag. Reproductive Rights Organization. Web.
Moen, Elizabeth W. "The Sexual Politics of Female Circumcision." Sociology. University of Colorado, n.d. Web. 29 Oct. 2015.
"Q&A on Female Genital Mutilation." HRW. Human Rights Watch, 16 June 2010. Web. 29 Oct. 2015.
"The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, UDHR, Declaration of Human Rights, Human Rights Declaration, Human Rights Charter, The Un and Human Rights." UN News Center. United Nations, n.d. Web. 29 Oct. 2015.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Female Genital Mutilation: A Violation of Human Rights

- Female genital mutilation (FGM) is an ancient traditional non-therapeutic surgical procedure that involves total or partial removal of the external parts of female genitalia. This paper aimed to define and classify FGM, identifies the prevalence, describes reasons for performing the practice, and concentrates on the problems associated to this practice with regard to women’s health, religious beliefs, and socio-cultural, behavioral and moral consequences. Researches and survey reports that the global actions have been taken to reduce or abolish the prevalence of the practice will be assessed....   [tags: Female Circumcision ]

Strong Essays
3259 words (9.3 pages)

Female Genital Mutilation: Children of the United Kingdom Essay

- Introduction On the 21 of March, 2014, the news service BBC posted the article “FGM: UK's first female genital mutilation prosecutions announced” on their site. In this article it is written that according to the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) a doctor at the Whittington Hospital will be prosecuted for the alleged offence of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). Since 1985, FGM has been an illegal practice in the United Kingdom. In order to tackle the problem of FGM carried out in foreign countries on UK citizens, an additional law, the Female Genital Mutilation Act 2003....   [tags: Clitoridectomy, Excision, infibulation]

Strong Essays
991 words (2.8 pages)

Stop the Horrifying Female Mutalation Essay

- ... Some movements went beyond that and defined the procedure as a form of violence against women, a violation of the body’s integrity, without consent and under social pressure (Boyle & Carbone-Lopez, 2006). Therefore, a person’s basic right for safety is being violated as well. FGM might be considered as a choice that women make since the procedure is done by women and usually the mother is responsible for her daughters’ circumcision (Shell-Duncan, 2008). However, human rights organizations assert that since a girl or a woman are under enormous social pressure and face the danger of being ostracized if they chose not to do the procedure, there is no real consent or choice, and there is no...   [tags: egypt, genitals, circumcise]

Strong Essays
2530 words (7.2 pages)

Female Genital Mutilation Analysis Essay

- Female genital mutilation, or FGM, has become one of the most monstrous issues facing young women around the world today. FGM is preformed on young girls to prevent a women’s potential promiscuity. It involves removing or mutilating a female’s genitals. FGM is more commonly preformed on females between the ages from four years to, in some cases, 25 years. FGM is most commonly practiced in 26 of 43 African countries. According to the PATH organization report, FGM is prevalent in Somalia, Zaire, Mali, Egypt, Eritrea, Sudan, and the Central African Republic....   [tags: fgm, promiscuity, genital mutilation]

Strong Essays
1070 words (3.1 pages)

Female Genital Mutilation Essay

- Female Genital Mutilation Female Genital Mutilation is believed to have started in Egypt 2,000 years ago and spread from there. Only a few years ago, FGM was considered a cultural tradition, but now the United Nations has labeled it as a violation of human rights. Canada, Denmark, the Netherlands, and the United States has declared Female Genital Mutilation grounds for seeking asylum and is a punishable offense (1).      Many of us never heard of Female Genital Mutilation until the story of Kauziya Kasinga, a woman from West Africa....   [tags: History Human Rights Research Papers]

Strong Essays
1710 words (4.9 pages)

Female Genital Mutilation Essay

- ... Sometimes when a women who is not trained to circumcise, she will use the excess skin to clean up the puddle of blood flowing out of the vaginal area (CITATION). FGM has a lot of possible negative outcomes that cannot be avoided no matter how good or bad the operator is. Even with the best care and circumciser, the side effects of FGM are still present and will still be seen. The most typical methods of female genital mutilation include but are not limited to, “Clitoridectomy: partial or total removal of the clitoris and, in very rare cases, only the prepuce (the fold of skin surrounding the clitoris)....   [tags: clitoridectomy, African origin]

Strong Essays
1566 words (4.5 pages)

Out of the Darkness: Female Genital Mutiliation Essay

- Since the 1790s, women have been struggling to overcome the confines imposed on them by dominant patriarchal societies. (Andrea and Overfield 257). Much advancement has been made as women have continued to bring to light their views and ultimate demand for equality with respect to their male counterparts (Andrea and Overfield 260). Despite how far they have come, feminist today find themselves combating the violation of women’s rights regarding the cultural tradition of female circumcision, which some feel is more appropriately referred to as female genital mutilation (FGM) (Johnsdotter and Enséb 30)....   [tags: Women's Right, Injustice]

Strong Essays
595 words (1.7 pages)

Essay about Research Outline: Female Genital Mutilation

- Introduction In the world of feminist research there is an assortment of issues that can be studied, many of which are sensitive topics. An issue we chose to focus our research on is Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). We have found that more research needs to be conducted on FGM, and it should be done in a way that respects the rights of the individuals and the culture in which it is rooted and practiced. Throughout this paper we will discuss the practice of FGM, how we plan to research it, theoretical considerations, methodological considerations, ethical considerations, as well as our anticipated results....   [tags: Ethical Considerations, Gender Oppression]

Strong Essays
2191 words (6.3 pages)

Female Genital Mutilation Is a Violation of the Rights of the Girl Child

- Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) has had different definitions in the ‘Scientific World’ and the world of those who embrace the act. According to the definition of the World Health Organization (WHO), Female Genital Mutilation is the act of removing the external parts of the female genitalia, partially or totally for non-medical reasons (WHO) whereas the practitioners see it as the cutting of “extra skin tags” of the female’s reproductive organ. Various reasons have been put forward to support it, ranging from social, cultural and religious reasons, mainly in the so called Islamic communities....   [tags: WHO, Rights of the Child, Gynecology]

Strong Essays
666 words (1.9 pages)

Essay on The Violation Of Human Rights

- The Violation of Human Rights First of all, The Hunger Games is a title of a popular novel, which is written by Suzanne Collins. The novel shows a gab between the capitol and districts people, which involves a discrimination and vilation of human rights to the people at districts. In addition, capitol is a place where the rich people live and district is the contraty. The abuse of power by the government is led to the human rights violation. According to Amnesty International (2004, ¶1) “Human rights are basic rights and freedoms that all people are entitled to regardless of nationality, sex, national or ethnic origin, race, religion, language, or other status”....   [tags: Human rights]

Strong Essays
1018 words (2.9 pages)