Mesopotamia or “the land between rivers,” as it was called by the Greeks, was a cross road of 3 continents. It was a major port, they specialized in trading a hard to make purple dye. They had one king who would communicate through the gods, unlike the Egyptian king, who was seen as a god. In Sumer, they figured out how to use wheels for a purpose, and to use animals for farming. They invented chariots, using wheels and their horses; it gave the military a great advantage after their enemies on foot. But there were many rivalries between cities, each city worshipped a different god. Often, they would fight to exalt their city over the other and fight over the river.
Mesopotamian priests were selected from Aristocracy, their social system consisted of free persons and dependents. Dependents were, for the most part, slaves; although in Mesopotamia slaves had some rights. Their government was similar to a democracy. Eventually Hammurabi also known as “judge” and “lawmaker” came to rule, Mesopotamia achieved a degree of political integration by creating rules to govern the people.
The most important contributions from Mesopotamia are metal casting, weapons and jewelry, cuneiform (wedged shape writing), and scribes.
The culture of Greece was shaped by the Minoans, Mycenaeans, Phoenicians, and Dorians. Greece was located in the southern portion of Europe. They are famous for three products the produced: cereal grain, olives, which made olive oil, and grapes. The greeks became master ship builders because they liv...
... middle of paper ...
...rs, and they both like to live in “luxury.” There is a saying by George Santayana, “those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.” This is why we need to learn about our past, so that we can prevent it from repeating itself in the future. All of these civilizations grew to be very powerful, and yet they all fell. But they created a legacy that we all should learn from to keep moving forward in the future.
Boardman, John. "Greece: The Rise Without Fall." Common Knowledge 11.2 (2005): 306-310. Academic Search Premier. Web. 25 Nov. 2013.
Cole, Joshua, Carol Symes, Judith G. Coffin, and Robert C. Stacey. Western Civilizations: Their History and Their Culture. New York: W .W. Norton &, 2012. Print.
Norman, Yoffee. "American Antiquity." Society for American Archaeology 44.1 (1979): 5-35. http://www.jstor.org/stable/279187. Web.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Falls Church High School is a diverse setting for implementing technology in the classroom. Falls Church has attracted many immigrants from around the Northern Virginia area. Due to a variety of reasons, many immigrants find that the area surrounding Falls Church High School meets their familial needs including lower-income housing, a large, established minority community, and easily accessed public transportation, which means that their children are likely to attend Falls Church High School. Because of this, Falls Church has a large population of students who have limited skills in the English language and have free or reduced lunches.... [tags: Education]
2041 words (5.8 pages)
- ... Second, I will be discussing the characteristics of Amun-Re. Re is depicted as a man with a hawk head and a headdress with a large sun disk. The sun disk on his headdress is to reference his continuous power and control of the sun. The Egyptians were not senseless; they did not think that a man or chariot raced across the sky dragging the sun to its resting point. Egyptians needed a way to understand the phenomenon of the sun due to their lack of scientific knowledge. They tended to use animals to describe certain characteristics of a god.... [tags: ancient civilizations and beliefs]
929 words (2.7 pages)
- Compare and Contrast Civilizations Throughout history, the way civilizations have changed over time have varied greatly, in the specific environment civilizations where located. Civilizations can be located near rivers, trough arid land, and with predictable or unpredictable climate. With the environment being anything form the surrounding vegetation, to neighboring villages that may pose a potential threat. Civilizations need to establish themselves within the environment has led many to warfare and others to collapse.... [tags: Ancient Egypt, Indus Valley Civilization]
1243 words (3.6 pages)
- India is a country I knew very little about before enrolling in this course. I knew nothing of pre-civilization history, nor did I know the contributions that India made to the formation of other civilizations. I chose India as the topic of my essay and I will covering the migration to 1000 B.C.E. of this country. I wanted to expand my knowledge on a diverse country. I wanted to choose a country that would broaden my knowledge and outlook on Middle Eastern culture. In my opinion the best way to understand something is to start from the beginning.... [tags: India, Social class, Indus Valley Civilization]
1555 words (4.4 pages)
- If patient safety is the most important issue in Health Care facilities then how come hospital inpatient falls continue to be the most reported of all accidental falls (Tzeng & Yin, 2009). Throughout the years, hospitals continue to make changes to decrease the risk of accidents and increase the quality of patient safety. With research studies and improvements made, patient falls still hold the largest portion of reported incidents in hospitals (Tzeng, & Yin, 2008). According to Tzeng & Yin (2008), “fall prevention programs apparently do not effectively reduce inpatient fall rates because of human factors and ergonomics in a hospital environment (p.179, para.... [tags: Health Care, Inpatient Falls]
1246 words (3.6 pages)
- Final Paper The Western culture has evolved over a span of several years with various civilizations specializing in specific aspects of life or nature. In essence, Western civilization dates back to the BCE periods when Ancient Greece, Mesopotamia, and Ancient Rome reigned. Each of the Western civilizations came with a clear lineage that portrayed such attributes as property rights, free market economy, competition, personal freedoms, and innovation (Perry, 2013). Besides, the western civilizations came at different periods with some of the attributes evolving or remaining unchanged throughout the lineage.... [tags: Western culture, Culture, Christianity]
1390 words (4 pages)
- Analysis of The Clash of Civilizations by Samuel P. Huntington The article “The Clash of Civilizations?” by Samuel P. Huntington is an intriguing view on how modern day civilizations have grown to become cultural and economic entities trying to make new identities for themselves. A civilization is defined as the broadest cultural grouping of people. It contains a group of people with common languages, history, religion, and customs. Huntington states in his hypothesis “the great division among humankind and the dominating source of conflict will be culture.” Huntington sees the Western civilization, consisting of mainly the United States and most of Europe, as a dominate civilization.... [tags: Civilizations Culture Economics Essays]
461 words (1.3 pages)
- An Analysis of Russo's Empire Falls The characters in Empire Falls go through many changes throughout the novel. By the end of the novel Miles is changed drastically. He begins the novel as a slow moving, trusting, somewhat depressed individual. By the end of the novel, Miles has achieved an epiphany. No longer letting the world step on his dreams, Miles goes after with a roar the dreams and desires that have lain dormant for twenty years. His ex-wife, Janine, also comes to realize that the dreams she thought she had are not necessarily what she wants after all.... [tags: Empire Falls Essays]
559 words (1.6 pages)
- The textbook has defined a civilization as a “sophistication of a peoples intellectual, cultural, and artistic traditions” (149). It continues to describe characteristics such as writing, the development of cities, as well as a state bureaucracy as a means of recognizing civilizations (149). These, while a general guide, do not and should not solely determine whether or not a society is a civilization as there are many other factors to take into account. Africa, for example, differed from Europe and Asia tremendously in organization, among many other ways (149).... [tags: History, African Civilizations]
559 words (1.6 pages)
- Most of what we know to be African Literature, talks about the changes from an un-dignified "lion-chasing" culture to that of a semi-dignified European society. The novel Things Fall Apart by Nigerian-born author Chinua Achebe, tells the story of a Umuofian villager named Okonkwo, and how Okonkwo has to come to grips with the changes that are happening in everyday Ibo life. The novel Things Fall Apart is not your typical "tall African tale." The novel is a story, a story not just about one person, but about an entire civil-society circa 1890's that becomes overwhelmed with the ideas and beliefs of the European colonizers, or as some like to refer, "the white man." Author Chinua Achebe witn... [tags: World Literature]
1168 words (3.3 pages)