Substance abuse among humans is something that is largely studied but also largely misunderstood. Humans vary so much in their reactions to substances that it is hard to decipher how one does become an abuser. Over the centuries of research in the addictions field, there has been many different rationales given as support for substance abuse disorder. Some of these reasons were that the person had low moral values, that the person has a disease in which caused the addiction to form, and that the individual is being influenced by their surroundings, whether genetic or not to cause an addiction to form.
One of the very strongly viewed reasons for addiction is the moral theory. The moral theory states that the reason that someone has an addiction is because they have low moral values. This was started when religion was at a high influx into peoples’ lives. This is noticeable mostly prior to the prohibition era. The Temperance Movement stated that one must refrain from all use of alcohol to cure the addiction. The moral theory isn’t, seemingly, the most common theory of addiction in today’s society at this time. Religion has taken a back seat in society but is still forefront when it comes to certain treatments but the thoughts of a higher power and abstinence still ring true in certain forms of treatment. Although those in Alcoholics Anonymous wouldn’t say that they themselves are morally bankrupt, they do still lean on a high power in order to maintain their sobriety and give their addiction to that higher power (Durrant & Thakker, 2003).
Another theory for addiction is that of the person having a genetic disposition to be addicted. Genetic disposition doesn’t necessarily mandate that the in...
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... is fighting for more drugs. With the medication assisted treatment, it gives the body time to heal while blocking the cravings that the mind is pushing out. This would go along with the way that the sanitariums worked during the early 1900s. This promotes abstinence from the drug itself by giving the body time to heal, the mind to heal, the extra receptors to breakdown, and the body to find equilibrium. After a short amount of time, the addict can be tapered off of the medication to live a substance free life. During the time that they are on the medication, they will be taught new coping mechanisms to turn to instead of turning to drugs. This is similar to the treatment that those in prison would receive. This teaches the addict new ways to think and helps them to become an intricate part of society again. This will help them to regain their self-worth.
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