Essay The Ethics of Contraception

Essay The Ethics of Contraception

Length: 910 words (2.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Since their development, contraceptive techniques and their widespread use have caused some controversy between groups with different views on the issue. Contraception is defined as any method that is used to prevent pregnancy and it can come in a few different forms. Barrier methods prevent sperm cells from reaching the ovum so fertilization cannot occur. Other methods that have received more criticism are those that use hormones to prevent implantation of the already fertilized ovum. There is also a post-coital contraceptive pill, more commonly known as the morning after pill or emergency contraception, that can be taken if other methods of birth control have failed or were absent. It works by causing the lining of the uterus to shed, taking the potentially fertilized ovum with it (“contraception” 2005). These two methods are often considered abortion because some individuals view the fertilized egg as a human life that is deserving of the right to life, the most basic of human rights. Utilitarianism does not completely oppose the use of contraception; it weighs the outcomes of every situation individually when determining if the action is ethical or not. This is a more realistic way to view this situation.

The main opposition to the use of contraception comes from the Catholic church. The Natural Law views a fertilized egg to be a tiny human life and states that all human life is created in God’s image and that we are all deserving of the right to live. It also states that no person can choose to take the life of an innocent individual (Leies 2010). However supporters of the use of contraception will take a utilitarian view and focus on the outcomes of all the potential actions and their consequences to determine the best ...

... middle of paper ...

...there will not be a burden to care for a child so both of the parents will be able to attain more education and get a higher position career. Therefore, a utilitarian would most likely support the use of contraception.

Works Cited

“contraception.” The Crystal Reference Encyclopedia. West Chiltington: Crystal Semantics,

2005. Credo Reference. Web. 22 November 2013

Jarvis Thomson, Judith. "A Defense of Abortion." Applied Ethics. By Peter Singer. Oxford:

Oxford University Press, 1986. 37-56. Print.

Kelleher, J. Paul. "Emergency Contraception and Conscientious Objection." Journal of Applied

Philosophy (2010): 290-304. Print.

Leies, John A. Handbook on Critical Life Issues. Philadelphia: National Catholic Bioethics

Center, 2010. Print.

Singer, Peter. "Taking Life: The Embryo and the Fetus." Practical Ethics. Cambridge:

Cambridge Univ., 1993. 136-51. Print.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

How Contraception Affect The Ethics Of The Church, Politics, And Society

- God commanded his people to "Be fruitful and multiply," and contraception is seen as specifically flouting this instruction. Contraception has been around since the 1950 and even from the beginning it has caused a lot of conversation. Most of the conversation has been about the ethics of contraception. Many argue that it is morally incorrect to take birth control or use any other contraceptives because you are missing with Gods fate. Ohers believe that it should be used because it lowers abortion rates and it has prevented a lot of unwanted pregnancy....   [tags: Birth control, Pregnancy, Abortion]

Better Essays
1320 words (3.8 pages)

Contraception and the Catholic Church Essay

- The issue of birth control remains one of the most controversial issues within the Catholic Church dividing members at all levels including the clergy. The Roman Catholic Church for the past 2000 years has been a major opponent of artificial birth control (BBC). Pope Paul VI made a clear declaration on the use of birth control when he wrote ‘the Encyclical Letter ‘Human Vitae’ on July 25, 1968 which banned Catholics from using contraceptives (Pope VI). These important declarations demonstrate the power of the Papacy to shape public policy on matters relating to human health and reproduction on a global level....   [tags: Ethics ]

Better Essays
1680 words (4.8 pages)

Questions On Morality And Ethics Essay

- Arbiter of Morals One of the most important character traits of any individual is their morality and ethics. According to Lewis Vaughn, “Morality then is a normative, or evaluation, enterprise. It concerns moral norms or standards that help us decide the rightness of actions, judge the goodness of persons or character, and prescribe the form of moral conduct” (Vaughn 5). There is no widely accepted definition for the correct way of doing something. Essentially, your morals come from your ancestors’ beliefs, hopes, and personal experience....   [tags: Ethics, Morality, Moral absolutism]

Better Essays
1124 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on Overview of the Issue of Contraception

- According to the Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics article, “Margaret Sanger”, Jennifer Chesworth stated, “it was not until Margaret Sanger became the leader in the movement in the early nineteenth century to secure reproductive rights for women when the issue of birth control became a big deal” (1). This was the beginning of the first pregnancy prevention movement, where Sanger was the “founder of the first birth control clinic in the United States and later, of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America and the International Planned Federation” (Chesworth 1)....   [tags: Birth Control, Gender Equality]

Better Essays
1984 words (5.7 pages)

Contraceptives, Contraception, And Birth Control Essay

- My topic is formulated on contraceptives, specifically birth control. Birth control is ethically good to enlist into to not become pregnant. The controversial topic also plays a role in different cultures. Its prevalence to prevent pregnancy has caused millions of women to partake in it. There are different methods of such as, abstinence, birth control shot (Depo-provera), birth control sponge, etc. So if one of the forms of birth control doesn’t work out then there are many other forms that may be more suitable....   [tags: Pregnancy, Sexual intercourse, Birth control]

Better Essays
1103 words (3.2 pages)

The Ethics Of The Abortion Essay

- As the debate over the Planned Parenthood video scandals rage on in the media and the government, the question over the ethics of the abortion practice continues to divide the country. Both sides of the debate present two extremes: that it is a woman’s right to have an abortion anytime she so chooses or that abortion is murder and therefore always wrong. The film The Cider House Rules challenges the universality of the latter’s claim through a complex, ethical dilemma that personifies the abortion issue....   [tags: Abortion, Roe v. Wade, Pro-choice, Pregnancy]

Better Essays
1815 words (5.2 pages)

Essay on The Ethics Of Abortion Is Morally Justified Or Not?

- The ethics of abortion is a topic that establishes arguments that attempt to argue if abortion is morally justified or not. Philosopher Judith Jarvis Thomson wrote a pro- choice piece called “A Defense of Abortion.” In this paper, she presents various arguments that attempt to defend abortion by relating it to the woman carrying the fetus and her right in controlling her body. On the other side of the spectrum, philosopher Don Marquis wrote a pro- life paper called “Why Abortion Is Immoral.” Ultimately, Marquis argues that abortion is immoral with rare exceptions because it is resulting in the deprivation of the fetus’s valuable future....   [tags: Human, Religion, Abortion, Morality]

Better Essays
1549 words (4.4 pages)

An Introduction Of Ethics, Relativism Essay

- An Introduction to Ethics, Relativism The standard of reasonableness that I identify with more is on the objective side. Being an objectivist is based off of how I was raised as a kid. I always knew that coming from a home where I was an only child for nine years, I would learn so many different lessons that kids who had siblings that were closer in age. My mom raised me to know that certain actions were right while others were wrong. At times, I wouldn’t agree with some of the things my mom, but I never lost sight of the objectivist approach....   [tags: Pregnancy, Abortion, Birth control, Human]

Better Essays
1168 words (3.3 pages)

The Ethics of Abortion Essay

- The Ethics of Abortion The Ethics Of Abortion is a very controversial subject that has been continually argued over for the past few years and probably many more years to come. The main controversy is should abortion remain legalized. Before we get into the many sides of abortion we must first define abortion. Abortion is the destruction of the fetus or unborn child while the child is still in the mother’s womb. This can be done by almost anyone from the mother herself to back alley abortions and even to abortions by clinics set up especially for this purpose....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
1081 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on Religion and Medical Ethics

- Religion and Medical Ethics I am discussing the issues that are put forward by Christians concerning the sanctity of life in relation to abortion and what their beliefs are. There are no Biblical scriptures that deal directly with abortion; however I will refer to passages in the Bible that refer to life and other relevant areas. Abortion is the termination of a pregnancy and can be defined as the deliberate destruction of a foetus, causing its death. The 1967 Abortion Act allows a woman to terminate or end her pregnancy up to the 24th week; however there is no time limit if there is a high risk to her life or if the foetus has major abnormalities....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
1642 words (4.7 pages)