the pursuit

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Guan Moye, better known as his pen name Mo Yan, was the first official Chinese winner of the Nobel Literature Prize recognized by the Chinese government. In the official English version of the press release, the Swedish Academy in Stockholm praised Mo for “hallucinatory realism” , and noted his ability to merge the “dream-analogous authenticity” with “folk tales, history, and the contemporary.”1 Indeed, endless folk stories of the fertile black soil have enriched Mo Yan’s mind and nurtured his imagination. Born in 1955 to a peasant’s family up in the Northeastern Gaomi County, Mo Yan did not have much access to education. What he had abundant of, however, were poverty and hunger . After he enlisted in the army in 1977 and started to write as a soldier, the bizarre phenomenon of Gaomi County inspired Mo Yan in recreating his own grotesque land. Feng Ru Fei Tun (Big Breasts and Wide Hips), one of his most prestigious works, is also set in the legendary Gaomi County. It tells the life of Shangguan Lu, a mother who has given birth to nine illegitimate children in order to produce a male offspring for the family of her sterile husband. Through the narration of Shangguan Jintong, the only male heir of the Shangguan family, Mo displayed the struggle of the protagonist mother to steer the Shangguan family through the turbulent years from Anti-Japanese war to the era after the 1979 Economic Reform. Chairman Wästberg delivered in the Nobel Literature Prize Ceremony speech that “Mo Yan’s characters bubble with vitality and take even the most amoral steps and measures to fulfill their lives and burst the cages they have been confined in by fate and politics.” In Big Breasts and Wide Hips, the Shangguan family is extraordinarily undaunted... ... middle of paper ... ...rates the detriments of rebellious spirits caused by self-indulgence and incompliance to the “Heavenly Principle”(天理). Scholar Dai Sheng(戴圣) of Han Dynasty compiled Li Ji based on pre-Han historical materials on etiquette(礼). In the first boom of Confucianism, Emperor Wu of Han(汉武帝) established the predominant status of Confucianism. Li Ji, along with other prominent Confucianism works before and of that era set the tone of the Confucianism doctrine. Beginning the 9th century, various strands of Confucian philosophy revived and reached new levels of intellectual and social creativity in Northern Song Dynasty when Confucian philosophers Cheng Yi(程颐), Cheng Hao(程浩) and Zhu Xi(朱熹) formed the Cheng-Zhu School(程朱理学). Zhu Xi’s philosophy emphasizes rationality, consistency and conscientious observance of classical authority, especially that Confucius and Meng Zi(孔孟之道).
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