Powerful Essays
International Relations
What are the essential key features of a Neo- Gramscian theory of IR?
Neo Gramsican is a critical approach to the study of International Relations and the global political economy. It explores many elements that are essential for the maintenance of the international relations. It explores the interface of ideas, institutional and material capabilities as they form the specify shape of the state formation. Neo Gramsican analyzes how the grouping of social forces defines the sustainability of the world orders. Cox’s perspective on Neo- Gramscian is about the transformation of the main forms of state and their change under the pressure from the forces from world order and civil society.
The view of hegemony of Neo Gramsican is distinct from the realistic view of hegemony. Realists have the opinion that hegemony is the predominant power of state or a group of states while, Gramsicans state hegemony as class relations. A class will be considered as hegemonic if it had been legitimized its dominance through concessions and institutions. The class if become dominant in this very automatically forms strong political structural of the state, which creates historic bloc. As the world is moving to globalization so the Neo Gramsicans state that neo-historical bloc exists in the world. This is the essential key feature of the Neo Gramsican that can change the circumstances. This theory in contrast with the other previous mainstream theories broadens the aspect of hegemony. Historical bloc refers the way in which a relationship is established over the contending social forces; simply saying it as the political alliance (Budd, 2013).
A truly hegemonic society will establish when the state would protect the wo...

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... forces, forms of state and the world orders. The theory provides a significant and decisive framework that facilitates the market analyst to presume that inter-state co-operation is plausible without even a single hegemony. It exposes that the cultural, political and economic struggles among social forces and state clarify the emergence of international regimes and global civil society. The essentials of thus neo- Gramscian include that the hegemony bases upon the consensus and consent rather than the coercion. A wider theory of state emerges within this neo- Gramscian theory. The concept of hegemony relative to this theory’s perspective is the comprehensive concept of control. Thus concluding it, the neo-Gramscian concept of hegemony is the appearance of largely based authority apparent in the approval of ideas and supported by institutions and material resources.
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