##### Wait a second!

More handpicked essays just for you.

More handpicked essays just for you.

An essay on the history of mathematics

An essay on the history of mathematics

An essay on the history of mathematics

**Don’t take our word for it **- see why 10 million students trust us with their essay needs.

884 Words2 Pages

Recommended: An essay on the history of mathematics

By the time the Babylonians and Egypt developed their mathematics; Indians had worked independently and made an advanced mathematical discovery. During the early time of Indian, they were already familiar with arithmetic operations such as addition, multiplication, subtraction, multiplication, fractions, squares, cubes and roots. The evidence of using Pythagorean triples was also traced as part of Hindu mathematics long before Pythagoras. The Indian text known as “Sulba Sutras” contains a geometric approach in finding the solutions of linear and quadratic equations. The use of circle to represent zero is usually attributed to Hindu mathematics. Early Indians are also known to be the first to establish the basic mathematical rules for dealing with zero. They had also established the laws that could be used to manipulate and perform calculation on negative numbers, something that was not manifested in unearthed mathematical works of other ancient mathematics. Brahmagupta, a Hindu mathematician, showed that quadratic equations could have two possible solutions and one of which could be negative.

In India, there was an era called “the Golden Age of Indian Mathematics. At this period, several refined and advanced mathematics were recorded. The concept of sine, cosine, and tangent in land surveying and navigations were already known to them. In addition, the use of trigonometry to calculate the distance between the earth, the moon, and sun was already part of Hindu’s culture. As the western civilization made some innovations in astronomy, Indian had already grasped the idea that the sun, moon, and the earth form a right-angled triangle when the moon is in half full and situated directly opposite the sun. It is really surprising th...

... middle of paper ...

...successors had successfully initiated the application of arithmetic and geometry of Greek to Algebra and vice versa. Al-Karaji was known to have started the algebraic approach free from geometrical operations and with the use of arithmetical types of operations which are still considered the core of today’s Algebra.

In the areas of Mathematics, Indian’s and Arab’s contributions might not have yet received historical recognition and instead of giving credits, some of their works were accused to have been plagiarized from the western works. But their role for further development of mathematical ideas couldn’t be ignored. Their contributions, especially in the field of algebra and trigonometry, and its application to various fields of Modern Science such as astronomy is such a stunning success different from the brilliant works of Greeks and other ancient empires.

Related

## Mesopotamian Algebra

1776 Words | 4 PagesIn what sense did the Mesopotamian authors “do algebra”? Did they have the concept of an equation or a classification of types of equations?

## Greek Influences on Western Civilization

340 Words | 1 PagesGeometry, a cornerstone in modern civilization, also had its beginnings in Ancient Greece. Euclid, a mathematician, formed many geometric proofs and theories [Document 5]. He also came to one of the most significant discoveries of math, Pi. This number showed the ratio between the diameter and circumference of a circle.

## Rene Descartes & Faith and Reason

1300 Words | 3 Pages...eived analytic geometry and established the Cartesian curves and Cartesian coordinates. To algebra he contributed the convention of exponent notation and the treatment of negative roots. Perhaps no other intellectual movement was more significant for the future of European and western civilization.

## Evaluate The Influence Of Buddhism On Neo-Confucianism

561 Words | 2 Pages3. The background to the mathematical developments which began in Baghdad around 800 is not

## Imaginary Numbers Essay

1097 Words | 3 PagesWhile not as impactful as the people after him, Heron of Alexandra was one of the first to mention imaginary numbers dating all the way back to the 1st century. Hero of Alexandria was not only a mathematician but an engineer as well and he was considered the greatest experimenter of antiquity at the time. In 50 A.D. he studied the volume of an impossible section of a pyramid, and what it unworkable was the problem √81-114. This problem produces the result √-63, but without any clear understanding in his logic Heron simply wrote √63; this answer might have

## Euclid and the Birth of Euclidean Geometry

901 Words | 2 PagesThe mathematics ideas of ancient Greece are used in every aspect of life. The ideas of Greek mathematicians can be seen wherever you travel. From simple things such as buildings, to complex computers and engineering of all kinds, it is evident that their influence is ever present.

## Mathematical Objects And Truths: Aristotle's Greatest Contribution To Mathematics

1005 Words | 3 PagesEven though Aristotle’s contributions to mathematics are significantly important and lay a strong foundation in the study and view of the science, it is imperative to mention that Aristotle, in actuality, “never devoted a treatise to philosophy of mathematics” [5]. As aforementioned, even his books never truly leaned toward a specific philosophy on mathematics, but rather a form or manner in which to attempt to understand mathematics through certain truths.

## Human Beings and Nature: The Scientific Revolution

1682 Words | 4 PagesThe Scientific Revolution was sparked through Nicolaus Copernicusí unique use of mathematics. His methods developed from Greek astr...

## Egyptian Mathematics

656 Words | 2 PagesIn conclusion, it is clear that while their ancient civilization perished long ago, the contributions that the Egyptians made to mathematics have lived on. The Egyptians were practical in their approach to mathematics, and developed arithmetic and geometry in response to transactions they carried out in business and agriculture on a daily basis. Therefore, as a civilization that created hieroglyphs, the decimal system, and hieratic writing and numerals, the contributions of the Egyptians to the study of mathematics cannot and should not be overlooked.

## IMPOSSIBLE CONSTRUCTIONS

779 Words | 2 PagesThe concept of impossible constructions in mathematics draws in a unique interest by Mathematicians wanting to find answers that none have found before them. For the Greeks, some impossible constructions weren’t actually proven at the time to be impossible, but merely so far unachieved. For them, there was excitement in the idea that they might be the first one to do so, excitement that lay in discovery. There are a few impossible constructions in Greek mathematics that will be examined in this chapter. They all share the same criteria for constructability: that they are to be made using solely a compass and straightedge, and were referred to as the three “classical problems of antiquity”. The requirements of using only a compass and straightedge were believed to have originated from Plato himself. 1

## The History of Mathematics in Africa

1439 Words | 3 PagesMathematics in Islamic Civilization - Dr. Ragheb Elsergany - Islam Story. (n.d.). Islam Story - Supervised by Dr. Ragheb Elsergany. Retrieved April 26, 2011, from http://en.islamstory.com/mathematics-islamic-civilization.html

## The History Of Calculus

1469 Words | 3 PagesHistorically speaking, ancient inventors of Greek origin, mathematicians such as Archimedes of Syracuse, and Antiphon the Sophist, were the first to discover the basic elements that translated into what we now understand and have formed into the mathematical branch called calculus. Archimedes used infinite sequences of triangular areas to calculate the area of a parabolic segment, as an example of summation of an infinite series. He also used the Method of Exhaustion, invented by Antiphon, to approximate the area of a circle, as an example of early integration.

## history of algebra

1187 Words | 3 PagesAlthough little is known about him, Diophantus (200AD – 284AD), an ancient Greek mathematician, studied equations with variables, starting the equations of algebra that we know today. Diophantus is often known as the “father of algebra” ("Diophantus"). However, many mathematicians still argue that algebra was actually started in the Arab countries by Al Khwarizmi, also known as the “father of algebra” or the “second father of algebra”. Al Khwarizmi did most of his work in the 9th century. Khwarizmi was a scientist, mathematician, astrologer, and author. The term algorithm used in algebra came from his name. Khwarizmi solved linear and quadratic equations, which paved the way for algebra problems that are now taught in middle school and high school. The word algebra even came from his book titled Al-jabr. In his book, he expanded on the knowledge of Greek and Indian sources of math. His book was the major source of algebra being integrated into European disciplines (“Al-Khwarizmi”). Khwarizmi’s most important development, however, was the Arabic number system, which is the number system that we use today. In the Arabic number system, the symbols 1 – 9 are used in combination to ...

## The Development of the Concept of Irrational Numbers

1403 Words | 3 PagesBurton, D. (2011). The History of Mathematics: An Introduction. (Seventh Ed.) New York, NY. McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

## The History of Math

810 Words | 2 PagesThe history of math has become an important study, from ancient to modern times it has been fundamental to advances in science, engineering, and philosophy. Mathematics started with counting. In Babylonia mathematics developed from 2000B.C. A place value notation system had evolved over a lengthy time with a number base of 60. Number problems were studied from at least 1700B.C. Systems of linear equations were studied in the context of solving number problems.

### Mesopotamian Algebra

1776 Words | 4 Pages### Greek Influences on Western Civilization

340 Words | 1 Pages### Rene Descartes & Faith and Reason

1300 Words | 3 Pages### Evaluate The Influence Of Buddhism On Neo-Confucianism

561 Words | 2 Pages### Imaginary Numbers Essay

1097 Words | 3 Pages### Euclid and the Birth of Euclidean Geometry

901 Words | 2 Pages### Mathematical Objects And Truths: Aristotle's Greatest Contribution To Mathematics

1005 Words | 3 Pages### Human Beings and Nature: The Scientific Revolution

1682 Words | 4 Pages### Egyptian Mathematics

656 Words | 2 Pages### IMPOSSIBLE CONSTRUCTIONS

779 Words | 2 Pages### The History of Mathematics in Africa

1439 Words | 3 Pages### The History Of Calculus

1469 Words | 3 Pages### history of algebra

1187 Words | 3 Pages### The Development of the Concept of Irrational Numbers

1403 Words | 3 Pages### The History of Math

810 Words | 2 Pages