In the next year Stalin, in a memorandum to aides, wrote about opening a second front in Europe. After Churchill declared the organization of another front impossible and the US supported him, Stalin expressed his intent to do so and said Churchill’s stance was a “moral blow” to the Soviet Union (Document B). After the war, The US and the Soviet Union developed into enemies as the common ground disappeared and the US criticized the Soviet Union’s policies. In Our Russian Ally (1945), Vera Micheles Dean discusses the differences between the two countries with opposite governmental ideals. She states that resolving the differences would require Russia to participate in international agencies to explain their intentions (... ... middle of paper ... ...rs!” (Document H).
Containment Policy 1945-1953 America used a variety of methods to contain Soviet influence between 1945-1953. Methods such as Propaganda and flexing of muscle became essential as America justified its policies and actions as part of the struggle to save Capitalist Ideology from the Communist oppressors. Ideology was the main source of conflict between the USA and USSR. This difference in ideology led inevitably to distrust between the two superpowers. The USSR believed in a state controlled economy which discouraged free enterprise, antithesis of America's economic system; the encouragement of free enterprise and the privatization of industry.
Each superpower, the United States, Britain, France and Russia had their own idea of how postwar Europe should look, and many of their ideas clashed. The Cold War arose not from one isolated event, but from the different ideologies and interests between the Soviet Union and the west. Also the Russian government was seeking revenge on the United States because the United States did not enter the war effort soon enough and that caused for more Russian casualties. After WWII After WWII, Germany was divided into four zones and occupied by Britain, France, the United States, and the Soviet Union. Berlin itself was occupied by the western powers; however, it was surrounded by the Soviet zone.
This in turn influenced the economic policies that drove the main powers of the Cold War even further apart. By far, the biggest contributor to the formation of the Cold War was the fact that both sides believed the communist Soviet Union and the capitalist west ideologies were incompatible with each other. The essence of the Cold War was seen as the opposition of communism and capitalism (Kishlansky, Geary, and O’Brien 874). This belief was present as soon as 1946, when Winston Churchill gave a speech characterizing the Soviet Union as a government that was capable of trying to “enforce totalitarian systems upon the free democratic world” (Churchill 303). He also contrasted the Soviet Union as a state where control was “enforced upon the common people by… police governments,” while the U.S. and Great Britain embodied “the great principles of freedom and the rights of man” (Churchill 303).
Stalin had wanted to "cripple" Germany's economy, to protect the USSR from future th... ... middle of paper ... ... them, as they were trying to 'Contain" Communism. Many Russian Historians blamed the Cold war on Winston Churchill and President Truman. They believed that Truman and Churchill wanted to "Destroy" the U.S.S.R, which was just protecting itself from attack. In turn, many weatern writers blamed the Soviets for the Cold War, and said that Stalin was "Trying to build up the Soviet empire". As time went on, many western historians began to blame the USA for the Cold War.
At the end of the Second World War, relations between the former allies in the war with Germany began to deteriorate. Stalin did not want to run out of hands of those areas that were occupied by Soviet Union , the U.S. threatened the entrenchment of the Soviet Union. In addition, both countries were represented opposing economic systems, and each of their capacity due to one or another economic model, popular in the world. Cold War era started after W. Churchill speech in 1946, Fulton he said: From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across Europe. Soon the Soviet Union's policy in Europe has become very aggressive, while the U.S. tried to make every effort to stop the spread of communism.
The two countries had completely opposite ideas of how to run and manage a country, which in return created chaos and was the core cause of the Cold War. The necessity of power was ... ... middle of paper ... ...their actions. The Soviet Union tried to spread Communism across the world and the United States intervened and created the Truman Doctrine where they stated that they would contain communism form spreading any further. The United States was trying to protect other countries from communist control. After World War II, the United States designed the Marshall plan in order to provide economic help to the Europe and Russia.
The Civil war in Russia in which Western powers unsuccessfully intervened, dedicated to the spreading of communism. This fueled an environment of mistrust and fear between Russia and the rest of Europe. The United States pursued a policy of isolationism; however the situation became one of dislike rather than conflict. Stalin was afraid of oppression he tried to form an alliance with the democratic Western powers against Nazi Germany. This plan failed and in nineteen- thirty nine Stalin signed the Nazi-Soviet pact with Hitler.
Since both the United States and the Soviet Union interpreted the agreements of the Tripartite Conferences in their own way, the threat perception linked to their own national security was changing. Disagreement over the reorganization of domestic and international order in Europe, as well as conflicting ideologies changed threat perception. Part of the so-called ‘security-dilemma’ was the German Problem, which was the problem of managing Germany’s political and economical recovery after the Second World War (Gillingham, 2010, p.55). Messenger in (Dinan, 2010, p. 32), argues that the idea of national security was most significant factor in the break-up of the Wartime Alliance and the emergence of the Cold War conflict. In his speech in March 1946, Churchill attacked his former wartime-ally by stressing his concerns and anxiety towards the Soviet Un... ... middle of paper ... ...hall Plan, the OEEC was set up, however this was only partially because of the Cold War.
Clearly though the plan failed when as the Soviets decided to get satellite states to make up for the lost. George Kennan at the time used a long telegram to communicate his thought about soviet expansion, which led to many American’s to live in fear. This fear led to the reason the policy of containment. In 1947 Truman passed the Truman Doctrine to hopefully stop this fear and the expansion of communism. The doctrine basically gave out money to third world nations like Greece and Turkey so that they could become allies and help United States with this b... ... middle of paper ... ...he cold war years has decreased in modern day.