How Relations between Superpowers Worsened between 1959 and the Summer of 1962
There are many reasons why relations between the superpowers worsened
between 1959 and the summer of 1962. The USA and USSR were already
enemies. This was because they both represented different ideas. The
USA was capitalist, however, The USSR was communist whose beliefs
clashed with Capitalism. Superpower relations were based on fear and
suspicion. They both tried to restrict the influence of the other. In
1947 the Truman Doctrine was published by the US president Harry
Truman. It offered help to any country that was being threatened
either from or within its own borders. This was USA using its power
and wealth to contain the spread of communism creating superpower
tensions. Similarly the Marshall plan offered grants of money to
European countries to bring about economic recovery and stop the
spread of communism. The soviets responded with attempts to contain
capitalism with Comecon and the blockade on Berlin’s Western area.
This made relations between superpowers worsen because there was still
the tension between communism and capitalism sides where countries
were going further and further to try and gain as much support for
their ideology. Military alliances also made the relationship worse.
For example the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation ensured that if any
of the pact were attacked the others would protect it. The USSR
responded with a similar military alliance The Warsaw Pact.
Cuba was an island near America. A loss of influences in business and
colonies in Cuba caused the USA to become angry. When Castro came to
power in Cuba in 1959, the USA ha...
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... happenings of these missiles. This
could mean that they were planning on using them again if necessary.
Also in 1979 the Soviet troops entered Afghanistan. The USA called it
an invasion. In 1980 Jimmy Carter called on the world’s athletes to
boycott the Moscow Olympics. This proved that the superpowers were
still battling against each other in some things. In conclusion the
CMC had changed relations for the better. The CMC brought the
superpowers together so they could negotiate and help one another out.
However the CMC also brought more problems. The superpowers continued
to argue and battle in senses such as the Olympic and Missiles were
also being produced. Overall I think CMC changed relations for the
better as there were more improvements but the superpowers were still
unsure whether they could trust one another.