The Reasons Behind the Development of Women's Suffrage Campaign Ans.1: From 1837 to 1901 Britain, reached its highest power, and was ruled over by a female monarch. Queen Victory ruled over a society in which women were denied the same political rights as men, in employment they experienced exploitation, whilst the doors to professional careers remained closed to them. Society expected women to be wives and mothers and assumed that women were economically and socially dependant on men. The vote was seen as a device which could be utilized to force the government to take women's issues seriously. Thus began the suffrage movement in the years after 1870.
Another factor that helped women to get suffrage was international trend. By 1918 Denmark, New Zealand and Norway had already given women the vote, and Britain did not want to seem out of step. They decided to make a change in parliament when they replaced some anti-women’s suffrage MPs with those who were pro-women’s suffrage.
However by then the shift of women’s roles and power within society was so evident that the campaign for women’s suffrage was advanced. International forces also played a part in procuring women’s suffrage. Denmark, Norway, New Zealand had already given women the vote; as a superpower England did not want to lose respect and credibility by appearing backward in matters of domestic policy. Women’s contribution to the war effort undeniably shifted their perceived roles in the public sphere and sped up the recognition of women as equals. Although these factors perhaps brought forward the date at which women gained suffrage, the fifty year long campaign carried out so passionately by Suffragists cannot be overlooked, and is in my opinion the main reason for women over 30 gaining the vote in 1918.
Women's Right to Vote due to Their Contribution to the War Effort In 1918 a major milestone was reached in the fight for women's equality rights, this was women being granted suffrage by the government. During the physical endurance of the four years of the war, women proving themselves equal to men, they were rewarded the vote. The Electoral Reform bill was passed which granted voting rights to all female property owners over 30. Some historians say women were never given the vote; it was hard fought for and won. Many historians believe the war to be a turning point because not only did it seal women's victory over the government it secured their status in society as an equivalent to men.
Although they were fighting for a worthy cause, many did not agree with these women’s radical views. These conservative thinkers caused a great road-block on the way to enfranchisement. Most of them were men, who were set in their thoughts about women’s roles, who couldn’t understand why a woman would deserve to vote, let alone want to vote. But there were also many women who were not concerned with their fundamental right to vote. Because some women were indifferent in regards to suffrage, they set back those who were working towards the greater good of the nation.
Campaigns for Women Suffrage and their Effectiveness Throughout the nineteenth century, the suffragists and the suffragettes worked hard campaigning for women suffrage. Finally, in 1918, the vote was given to women, but only women over thirty. But suffrage campaigns, although important, were not the only reason that the franchise was granted. Some other reasons include, a fear of the return of suffragette activity, the government following an international trend, the government making changes to the voting system anyway, and the Prime Minister, David Lloyd George, being more sympathetic to the cause that the previous Prime Minister was. The long-term factor was, in fact, the suffrage campaigns.
An argument used by thos... ... middle of paper ... ...S had links with other countries which already gave women the right to vote, for example Australia and the USA. Visitors from these countries gave speeches in Britain explaining why giving women the vote would be beneficial. For instance, if the gaining of women’s suffrage resulted in wage increase, then so would men’s. In conclusion, I think it is all these aspects that earned women the vote. I believe the war was a catalyst because it altered public opinions and women gained more support from their country.
The Suffragettes began to include votes for working class women in their protests. The Suffragists did not want to be linked to any single party, however the newly formed Labour did support female suffrage up to the general election 1906 when they began to fear if women had the vote the would use it to vote conservative. The Suffragettes and the Suffragists used similar tactics to persuade the government to grant women's suffrage but the Suffragettes were more militant. The Suffragetes would post themselves to 10 Downing Street, chain themselves to rails, graffiti on the Houses of Parliament, along with having fights with police. Many Suffragettes were sent to prison for their militancy and often went of hunger strikes in prison at first the suffragettes were released but the
The Effects of World War One on British Women “Without The First World War British Women Would Not Have Gained The Right To Vote In 1918” I disagree with the statement that, if it were not for the War, women would never have gained the right to vote. Between 1900 and 1914 the many Female movements applied a vast amount of pressure on the Government. Making British women’s suffrage inevitability rather than a possibility. The reason why they did achieve the vote in 1918 was not because of the Suffragette or Suffragist movements, neither was it solely because of the female involvement in the War. Rather that it is unjustifiable to not allow someone mentally capable a say in politics, when politics affects their way of life.
In early 19th century the position of women in the society was worse. They dreamed of being treated equally with men in the society. On August 26, 1920 millions of American women celebrated victory (“The Fight”, n.d.). It was the day when the United States constitution made an official declaration that allows American women to vote and contest for public offices. It was the day when woman’s suffrage movement tasted success.