Women 's Rights Of Women

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Four Women in History Many women have contributed to supporting women 's rights, leaving their mark on history. Four women will be discussed, describing their work and events that incorporate the campaign that each woman supported or lead. Jeannette Rankin (active 1910-1968) Born June 11, 1880, Jeannette Rankin was the first woman elected into U.S. Congress at the age of 36. After attending college, she tried several jobs, following her mother’s lead as a teacher, then a seamstress, and finally a social worker. She was also a pacifist, reformer, and women’s suffrage activist. Having moved to Washington State, she became involved with the suffrage movement, pursuing the need to amend that state 's constitution, allowing voting rights for women. Once Washington was ratified in 1911, Rankin returned home to Montana, fighting for the liberty to vote there, taking until 1914 to establish those rights. With her activist past, Rankin was elected into U.S. Congress in 1916, and would serve a second term in 1940. This afforded her a distinctive opportunity of voting against US entry into war during both World War I (in 1917) and World War II (in 1941). However, she fought for rights of the working women of the war effort, creating the women 's rights legislation. When her term ended in 1919, Rankin served as a delegate on the Women 's International Conference for Peace in Switzerland. Following that, she was an active member of the Women 's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF). In 1939, Rankin once again ran for a seat in the U.S. House of Representatives, winning based on her anti-war position. She voted against entry into war, although Pearl Harbor was bombed in 1941, being the only protesting vote. After the end of th... ... middle of paper ... ... she ran as the Presidential candidate under the ideologically Georgist Commonwealth Land Party. Along with Nettie Rogers Shuler, in 1923, Catt published Woman Suffrage and Politics: The Inner Story of the Suffrage Movement. She was active in anti-war causes during the 1920s and 1930s, returning to the peace movement, founding a new organization, the National Committee on the Cause and Cure of War (NCCCW. They separated war causes into four classes: political, economical, psychological, and social/contributory. The organization took it upon themselves to end wars since women appeared to be morally courageous, whereas males were deemed physically courageous. During 1940 in New York, Catt assisted with organization of the Women 's Centennial Congress, a celebration of the feminist movement within the United States. She died in New Rochelle, New York on March 9, 1947.

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