She Went to the Field: Women Soldiers of the Civil War. Guilford, CT: TwoDot, 2003. 7-22. Print. "Women's Changing Roles during the Civil War."
Propaganda consisted of films, radio, and print. These advertisements used showed women fighting in the army and many working in factories. Often, the advertisements directed women in the direction to take on roles of the males. Before the war, women held basic jobs and the focal role was the wife and mother. Many professions were only for men and in many states, married women could not hold jobs.
When the American Civil War began on April 12th, 1861, over 3 million Union and Confederate soldiers prepared for battle. Men from all over America were called upon to support their side in the confrontation. While their battles are well documented and historically analyzed for over a hundred years, there is one aspect, one dark spot missing in the picture: the role of women in the American Civil War. From staying at home to take care of the children to disguising themselves as men to fight on the battlefield, women contributed in many ways to the war effort on both sides. Though very few women are recognized for their vital contributions, even fewer are The women during the war felt an obligation to assist in one form or another.
They disguised themselves for many reasons including: to fight for their country, to fight for their rights, to fight along side their husbands (A, B, C.) Loreta Velazquez was one of many women soldiers, she disguised herself as a soldier when her husband left for war and did not take her (Chang 50). Loreta Velazquez was as good as any other soldier, “Notwithstanding the fact that I was a woman, I was as good a soldier as any man around me, and as willing as any to fight valiantly and to the bitter end before yielding” Velazquez said (Women in Uniform in the Civil War). Loreta Velazquez’s role in the Confederate Army, the Forty’s say that “She fought valiantly, helping to beat off wave after wave of the attackers, in sleet, snow, and high winds of a bitter February (Military Women). Even though Loreta was a woman, she fought as hard as any man did. Many women who went to fight had to disguise themselves to look like men.
Long hair was obligatory, however it always had to be up. It was unacceptable for them to smoke and they were expected to always be accompanied by an older woman or a married woman when outing. Women were usually employed with jobs that were usually associated with their genders, such as servants, seamstresses, secretaries and nursing. However during the war, women started becoming employed in different types of jobs such as factory work, replacing the men who had gone to fight in the war in Europe. In the late 1910s The National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) had been fighting for decades to get the vote for women.
Thousands from both the Confederacy and the Union joined volunteer brigades and signed up to be nurses. This war forced woman of both sides into the public life. ("History.Com"). And this happened to be the first time in American History that women were involved with the war plus it expanded the thought of “True womanhood.” ("History.Com"). The women of the Confederacy gained many new duties and responsibilities even the wealthiest of the Southern woman got involved.
“Assigning women to combat is a radical attack on the natural complementary of the sexes.” (Kirkwood) We live in a time where women can run for president and leave the house instead of staying home as a housewife. Women are competing in the Olympics and becoming cops. So the question is, “should women be allowed in combat?” Women have been in combat since the late 1700s so why not let it stay that way. Women should be allowed in combat because they are already serving in combat. Research from the Defense Advisory Committee on Women in the Services (DACOWITS) shows that a positive impact was resulted from women who contributed to combat in Iraq (Women Should be…).
During the American Civil War, "More than twenty thousand women in the Union and Confederate states engaged in relief work…” (Schultz, 2004). These women had certain professional rights and responsibilities to uphold throughout the Civil War. They broke the common Victorian American tradition and volunteered to be Civil War nurses, something that astounded the nation (USAHEC.org). These battle aids nursed the wounded soldiers and performed other tasks to help the soldiers. However, these women were not accepted right away by male doctors in the hospitals.
Project MUSE. Web. 2 Feb. 2014.f. Eggleston, Larry G. Women in the Civil War. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc., 2003.
In the factories they filled various munitions such as cartridges, bombs, screening... ... middle of paper ... ...ons got Congress involved and they required them to establish a federal agency that would investigate and document the habit in which the women worked in daily. The organizations recommended immediate changes. Changes were made all throughout the years and after the seventy years of the organization being in business Women’s rights and suffrage has finally reached its goal. Women during the 19th and 20th proved to our community and our country that we are capable of so much more than we are given credit for. Their heroic deeds and actions facilitated the beginning of women’s rights.