The famous play by William Shakespeare portrays absolute and fabricated madness—from the overbearing grief to complete mania—and delves into the themes of sarcasm, suicide, and procrastination. Throughout the play, William Shakespeare uses sarcasm to add humor into his works. With the use of sarcasm, the audiences are able to interpret the character's true feelings and thoughts. In Act I, King Hamlet has died, and his brother Claudius, has married the widowed queen of the king. The son (also named Hamlet) has been depressed, lately, about the death of his father and is aggravated at his mother for marrying Claudius (his uncle) less than two months since his father’s death.
Hamlets madness itself was represented as an act, from an audience’s point of view we know his anti disposition is an act, but this piece of dramatic irony brings a lot of despair for the rest of the characters. I’m going explore how Shakespeare portrays madness in the play , looking in depth to causes, consequences, actions, language, similarities, and differences or Ophelia’s and hamlets madness. The death of King Hamlet left a lot of considerable damage on Hamlet. In act one scene two as the King and Queen celebrate their wedding, and Hamlet is still mourning his father’s death. “How is it that the clouds still hang on you?” “Not so my lord, I am too much in the sun” It’s his own strong belief that the Queen did not mourn enough for her husband, and her ‘oh hasty marriage’ was brought on too quick.
Till I know ’tis done, Howe’er my haps, my joys were ne’er begun.” (VI.iii.68-72). The king wants Hamlet dead because he fears that he is insanely mad that he may kill whatever is in his way. Claudius fears his life more than the others. Hamlet was not killed, but in his place was Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. At the beginning of the play Hamlet has a feeling something is going on because his mother marries his uncle roughly a week after his father 's passing.
However perhaps the most captivating form of conflict Shakespeare uses to expand and explore the ideas presented within the text is the conflict between the self and the universe. Old Hamlet is killed by his brother Claudius. Only two months after her husband’s death a vulnerable Gertrude marries her husband’s brother Claudius. Gertrude’s weakness opens the door for Claudius to take the throne as the king of Denmark. Hamlet is outraged by this, he loses respect for his mother as he feels that she has rejected him and has taken no time to mourn her own husband’s death.
Hamlet is cruel to the extreme to all those who he feels are treacherous, not just to the women in his life. Hamlet expects his mother Gertrude to mourn for King Hamlet in the same way as he does, in "trappings and the suits of woe" (Hamlet, I, ii, 89). Instead, she marries Claudius shortly after the sudden death. Hamlet cannot understand how she could disrespect his father, especially since she so doted upon the King in life. He exclaims, "O God, a beast that wants discourse of reason / Would have mourned longer!"
However, this causes issues with his family because he is furious with how quickly his mother remarried after his father, King Hamlet, died. The dysfunction of Hamlet’s family continues when he learns of how his father died. King Hamlet’s ghost tells Hamlet of how he was murdered by his own brother, King Claudius. King Claudius’s killing of King Hamlet is revealed during the performance of the Mousetrap play. Next, Hamlet mistakenly kills Polonius after he antagonizes his mother about her deceitfulness.
In Act 3, scene 4 lines 52 through 93, Hamlet confronts his mother, Gertrude and explains his suspicions about his uncle, Claudius, being a poison that infected and ruined his mother’s soul. The passage gives readers a deep insight into both Hamlet and Gertrude Hamlet’s true feelings for his mother are exposed in a verbal attack as he explains Claudius is an unworthy man who seduced his mother and murdered his father. The conversation is important to the storyline of Hamlet because Gertrude’s character becomes more defined through her interactions with her son and greatly impacts how the tragedy plays out as she refuses to believe Hamlet when he explains Claudius is a villian. Hamlet feels very angry and feels his mother has abandoned and betrayed King Hamlet and himself. His ideas about her being a good pure Queen are proved false as she turns her back on her husband and marries his brother.
In Hamlet, Shakespeare creates vivid and in-depth view of his characters that they clearly represent some area of the human nature. Shakespeare uses Hamlet and Ophelia to represent the theme of madness in the play. Ophelia was really mad where her madness originated from the circumstances she faced in her life whereas Hamlet was not really mad but feigned his madness in order to go through with his revenge. Hamlet started feigning his madness after hearing from his father’s ghost that he was murdered. Hamlet is a very complicated character in the play.
He realized what he has done, yet failed to comprehend its significance. Rather than calling for help and attempting to save Polonius, Hamlet calls him a “wretched, rash, intruding fool (III. iv. 32-35).” In addition to this strange behavior, he takes him out his mother’s chamber by dragging him out when he leaves. A huge importance of this bit is that it is one of the two main causes that turn Ophelia mad.
In this source, the author goes about showing how mad hamlet was by picking at his strategy of trying to expose Claudius of murdering his father through the “Mouse Trap” play. This source argues that Hamlet’s grief can be blamed on many occurrences that happened within the play, the biggest influence being the death of his father. Other influences that this source states are the fact that his newly widowed mother marries his uncle only a month or so after his father’s death and the fact that Ophelia let her brother and father influence her love for hamlet Another interesting theory was that nobody gave hamlet any sympathy in his time of grief when he really needed it resulting to his madness. As Arthur KirschWrites , “If vengeance composes the plot of the revenge play, grief composes its essential content, its substance”(17). As Kirsch notes, right from his first appe... ... middle of paper ... ...e driven solely by passion and a drive for revenge, while Hamlet is only looking for a “friendly fencing match”.